(Shu materia medica)
[synonyms] shegui (Erya), Linggui (Erya Guo Pu Zhu), Xinggui (baopuzi), yanggui (Tao Hongjing), gashegui (tangbencao), yushegui (dietotherapy Bencao), keshegui (Zhejiang Handbook of traditional Chinese Medicine), Duan GUI (Jiangsu).
[source] it is a member of the family chelidae.
[animal morphology] Chelonia nipponensis
The body is oblong, with hard scales on the back and abdomen, about 15 cm long. The head is slightly rectangular; the top of the head is smooth without scales, yellow green, with black lines on the side of the head and behind the eyes; the tympanic membrane is round and obvious. The snout is slightly pointed, the jaw has no teeth, and the neck can be retracted. The scales on the back are dark brown with distinct ridge ridges; the top scales are narrow and small; there are s scales on the back, the second, third and fourth ones are larger, and the fifth one is fan-shaped; there are 4 scales on both sides of costal scales; there are 11 scales on each side of marginal scales; there are 2 anal scales. The carapace is oblong, black and yellow in margin; there are 12 squamous carapace, which are connected by ligaments between the front and the back, and can move and close the carapace. The tip of the tail is short. There are scales on the back of the limbs, webbed fingers and toes, and hook claws.
It lives in mountains and streams. It is distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Hunan and Hubei.
The meat of this animal (including the meat of snake and turtle) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
It is similar in shape, but the dorsal shell has three longitudinal ridges, and the posterior edge of anal horn plate is concave.
[collection] it can be caught in spring, summer and autumn.
[function and indications] it is used to treat bone fatigue, heat of fatigue, bone steaming, metrorrhagia, infantile fontanel incompatibility, chronic malaria, hemorrhoids, scrofula and laryngomoth.
① "Dietotherapy Materia Medica" says: "the main woman's leakage of red and white collapse, children's fontanel incompatibility, breaking the Baihuang malaria, treating five hemorrhoids, Yin turbid dampness Bi, women's Yin hidden sores and cold and heat in the joints, boiling juice bath stains. "
② "Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine manual": "promoting blood circulation and detumescence. Treatment of single double throat moth, sores. "
③ Treatment of bone tuberculosis. (Jiangsu)
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Crispy or charcoal, 1-2 yuan. External use: soup bath stains or burn ash transfer application.
Chinese PinYin : Jia She Gui
Sea Sands. Hai Jin Sha
Jingucao. Jin Gu Cao
Lingdangzi. Ling Dang Zi
Water chestnut powder. Ling Fen
Falling frost red. Luo Shuang Hong
Acer truncatum. Niu Er Feng Gen
Peucedanum praeruptorum. Sha Qian Hu
Amomum shell. Sha Ren Ke
Alpinia officinalis. Shan Jiang Hua
Allium tuberosum. Tian Jiu
No name. Wu Ming Zi
Mugil. Zi Yu