[synonym] Sai peony, brocade quilt flower (youmozhai genealogy), Yu Meiren, Bai Bajiao, butterfly full garden spring (Huajing).
[source] it is the flower or the whole grass of the poppy family.
[plant morphology] primrose
It is a biennial herb with stem height of 30-90cm and dense coarse hairs. Stem erect, sparsely branched. Leaves alternate, pinnatifid or hololobed, rarely entire, lobes linear lanceolate, acute, dentate margin. Flowers more than 5 cm in diameter, on top of branches, buds downward when open; sepals 2, hirsute outside. Petals 4, slightly round or broadly round, glossy, 3-4 cm long, entire, sometimes with round teeth or deep cracks, ochre red, deep purple, scarlet, few white or light red, sometimes with dark spots on the edge, the opposite two petals are larger than the other two petals; stamens are numerous; the center is bee pistil, ovary obovate, About 1.3 cm long, stigma radiate, covering the top of ovary. The capsule is more than 1 cm long. The flowering period is May.
It is native to Europe and cultivated in China.
The fruit of this plant is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] from April to June, the flowers were harvested and dried.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains limonine, limonine, protoopioid, isolimonine, and many kinds of alkaloids, such as tibain, Coptis, chelerythrine, tetrahydroepiberberine, sanguinarine, etc. Flowers contain anthocyanins, such as cyanidin glycosides, meconoside and meconoic acid.
[functions and indications] "selected materials of Jiangsu new Chinese herbal medicine therapy Exhibition": "treating dysentery. Spend 5 to 1 yuan (or fresh grass 5 to 1 or 2 yuan, or hay 3 to 6 yuan) to fry the soup and take it twice. "
Chinese PinYin : Li Chun Hua
Xanthium sibiricum root. Cang Er Gen
Baibu Resurrection. Bai Bu Hai Hun
Cypress fruit. Bai Shu Guo
Lentil vine. Bian Dou Teng
Bean curd paste. Dou Fu Jiang
Sugar cane. Gan Zhe
Orange root. Ju Gen
Cyprinidae. Li Yu Mu
Ephedra Sinica. Shan Ma Huang
Herba Erigerontis. Tian Peng Cao
Corrugated. Wa Leng Zi
Celastrus angustifolia. Zi Qing Teng Gen