(Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual)
[synonym] throat grass, wheat yellow grass, yellow flower grass, snow green (Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual), wild fennel (Chinese desert medicinal plants).
[source] it is the root and whole grass of Illicium vulgare.
[plant morphology] fennel
Annual herb, 20-40 cm high. Stems numerous, distally divergent. There are 12-18 basal leaves, 1.5-9 cm long; the leaves are white and oblanceolate; they are pinnately divided, with 2-5 pairs of 1-lobes, about 3-lobes; the small lobes are strip-shaped, about 0.3 mm wide, apex pointed; the stem leaves are small, sessile, and the lobes are filiform. Cymes with few or many branches; sepals 2, green, whitish, narrowly ovate, ca. 3 mm long; petals yellow, outer 2 larger, fan obovate, ca. 9 mm long, inner 2 smaller, cuneate, 3-lobed near middle; stamens 4, ca. 6 mm long; pistils nearly as long as stamens, ovary strip, stigma 2, style and stigma persistent. Capsule strip-shaped, ca. 5 cm long, ca. 1 mm wide, divided into 2 valves. Seeds rectangular, ca. 1 mm long, with prominent crisscross protuberances on both sides, dark brown. The flowering period is from May to June.
It grows on dry hillside, grassland, sandy land and gravel land. It is distributed in Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Hebei, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang.
[collection] root digging and whole grass drying before flowering in spring.
Bitter, pungent and cool.
① Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual: "bitter, cold. "
② Chinese desert medicinal plants: "pungent, cool. "
[function indications] for acute pharyngitis, tracheitis, cough, red eyes, swelling and pain.
① "Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual": "heat clearing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic. "
② Chinese desert medicinal plants: "purging fire, relieving fever, relieving cough. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-3 yuan; research powder, 3-5 points.
[selected formula] ① for acute pharyngitis (swollen throat, wind around larynx): Rhizoma Cynanchi, fried in water. (Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual)
② Treatment of eye swelling: throat grass one to three money, water decoction or tea drink. (Henan Chinese herbal medicine manual)
③ Treatment of tracheitis and cough: Fennel, licorice, almond, water decoction. (medicinal plants in desert areas of China)
④ Treatment of bacillary dysentery: fine leaf anise root amount, decoction. (medicinal plants in desert areas of China)
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