(Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine)
[synonyms] Red Cross chuangfen (Yunnan Traditional Chinese medicine prescription), dajiegudan (Kunming folk medicine), jianzhongxiao (Shaanxi traditional Chinese Medicine), hongchige, hongneixiao and chige (Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the root or root bark of Ampelopsis trifida.
[plant morphology] Ampelopsis trifida, also known as jade grape, maple vine, mountain grape, green grape, eardrop fruit, centipede vine and wild grape.
Liana. The stem is 0.7-1 cm thick, smooth, with fine stripes and round lenticels, and the tender branches are pilose. Tendrils opposite leaves. Leaves alternate, mostly 3-lobed. The middle leaflets are oblong to broadly ovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate or round, short petiole or sessile, lateral leaflets extremely oblique, obliquely ovate; a few are simple, 3-lobed, broadly ovate, 5-12 cm in length and width, apex acuminate, base heart-shaped, dark green above, smooth below, gray green below, veins covered with rust hairs. Cymes opposite leaves; flowers small, green; petals 5; stamens 5, filaments very short; disk cup-shaped, free from ovary, style slender. Berry dark blue, round to oblate; 2 seeds. The flowering period is May. The fruit period is from August to September.
It grows on roadside, forest and riverside in low mountain and hilly area, or cultivated. Distributed in Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Shaanxi and other places.
[collection] collected in autumn and winter and dried in the sun. It can be used fresh all year round.
[medicinal material] the roots are cylindrical, with several to dozens of them growing on short rhizomes, 12-30 cm long and 0.5-1.5 cm thick. Cork thin, easy to fall off, dark brown outside, reddish brown inside, more longitudinal wrinkle. The radius of the bark is about twice that of the xylem. It is easy to break, the broken part has dust, the skin of the section is granular, and the wood is fibrous. It has a slight air, a fishy and astringent taste, and a rusty smell after a long time.
It is produced in Yunnan.
[processing] wash, dry and slice after harvest. Or wash after harvest, take out the wood core (xylem), dry in the sun, grind into fine powder.
[flavor] pungent, flat.
① Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "it tastes pungent and has a flat nature. "
② Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine: "pungent, astringent, warm. "
③ "Sichuan commonly used Chinese herbal medicine": "warm in nature, bitter in taste. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind and activating collaterals, detumescence and detoxification, hemostasis and muscle regeneration. It is used to treat rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injury, fracture, carbuncle, swelling and sores.
① Shaanxi Chinese herbal medicine: "detumescence and detoxification, hemostasis and pain relief, purulent discharge and muscle growth, wind and dampness elimination. Treatment of traumatic injury, fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic lumbocrural pain, hematochezia, metrorrhagia, leucorrhea. "
② It is used to treat skin injury caused by water and fire scald, wound, leaf vomiting, diarrhea, chronic ulcer and erosive toxic gas. (Pharmaceutical Bulletin 8 (2): 631960)
③ "Yunnan Traditional Chinese medicine prescription": "hemostasis, pain relief, antisepsis, anti-inflammatory, purulent muscle. It is used to treat bone fracture, skin breaking, sore pain, water and fire scald. "
④ "Sichuan commonly used Chinese herbal medicine": "treatment of traumatic injury, Jinchuang, knife injury, carbuncle, ulcer, swelling poison, wind poison, Youdan. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan, or as liquor. External use: fresh product tamping or dry powder mixing.
[selection] ① for gunshot wound and scald: grind the roots of green grape, add egg white, mix well and apply externally. (Yunnan Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of traumatic swelling and pain, rheumatic lumbocrural pain, stomachache, dysentery, enteritis: green grape root three to five money, fried. Or with two plus a jin of wine, soak for five to seven days. Take 10 ml each time, three times a day.
③ Treatment of traumatic bleeding: green grape root skin dry powder spread on the wound.
④ Treatment of carbuncle: green grape powder applied to the affected part, or with fresh products smashed topical. (2) selected Chinese herbal medicines from Yunnan Province
Chinese PinYin : Jin Gang San
Red bean. Chi Dou
Gangsong. Gang Song
Sunflower. Huang Kui
Nantianzhuye. Nan Tian Zhu Ye
Pumpkin whisker. Nan Gua Xu
Qingyedan. Qing Ye Dan
Water red robe. Shui Hong Pao
Shrimp whisker bean. Xia Xu Dou
Rooster saliva. Xiong Ji Kou Xian
Duck gizzard. Ya Zhun Yi
Fruit Root on leaf. Ye Shang Guo Gen
Corydalis. Zi Jin