Chinese name (on medicinal properties)
[synonym] Kucai (Tang materia medica), kukukui, laoyayan grass, tianqie (materia medica), tianqie miao'er (famine relief materia medica), tiantianqie (Diannan materia medica), jiuercao, houhongzi (Diannan materia medica illustration), shuiqie, tianpaocao, laoyacao (compendium), tianpaoguo (Research on the name and reality of plants), qikeluo, wutuocao (Fujian folk herbal medicine) 》）Heitianke (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi), heitiantian, heixingxing, yeqie (northeast Yao Zhi Zhi), rezicao, yejizi (Chinese local pesticide Zhi), heimenguan (Hebei herbal medicine), Yeshu (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), wuguicai (Minnan folk herbal medicine), yehaijiao (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine Zhi), longan (Liaoning Economic flora), heiqie (Hangzhou Economic flora) The results showed that there were three kinds of herbs, namely, medicinal plant records, dipaozi, dihucao and Shanjiao (medicinal records of Hunan), shanhaijiao and erzhucai (Guizhou herbal medicine).
[source] the whole plant of Solanaceae Solanum nigrum.
[plant morphology] Solanum nigrum
Herbs annual, ca. 60 cm tall. Stem erect or lower part decumbent, angular, along the angular thin hair. Leaves alternate; ovate, base broadly cuneate or nearly truncate, tapering to petiole, apex pointed or long pointed; leaves vary greatly in size, usually 4-7 cm long, 3-5 cm wide, larger ones up to 13 cm long, 7 cm wide; leaf margin undulate sparsely serrate, each side about 3-4 teeth, teeth about 5 mm wide, 3-4 mm long; petiole 15-35 mm long, petiole up to 5 cm long. Umbelliform cyme lateral, petiole drooping, each inflorescence has 4-10 flowers, white flowers; calyx cylindrical, outer sparsely covered with fine hairs, lobes 5, ovate triangle; corolla glabrous, lobes ring extension, 5, oblong ovate; stamen 5, corolla tube mouth, filaments separated, inner surface with fine hairs; pistil 1, ovary 2-locular, spherical, lower part of style densely pubescent, stigma round. Berries globose, glossy, red or black when ripe. Seeds oblate. The flowering period is from June to July.
Born on the roadside or in the field. It is distributed all over the country.
The root (Solanum nigrum L.) and seed (Solanum nigrum L.) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
It contains solanine, solanine, solanine.
① Tang materia medica: "bitter taste, cold, non-toxic. "
② "Diannan Materia Medica": "it is cold in nature and bitter in taste. "
③ "Compendium": "bitter slightly sweet, slippery, cold, non-toxic. "
④ Guizhou herbal medicine: "the nature is flat, the taste is pungent and bitter. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, detoxifying, promoting blood circulation and detumescence. It is used to treat sore, carbuncle, erysipelas, sprain, chronic tracheitis and acute nephritis.
It is used for sore, carbuncle, eczema, adverse urination, senile chronic tracheitis, leucorrhea, prostatitis and dysentery.
① "Tang Materia Medica": "the solution of food, less sleep, to empty heat swelling. "
② "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "Zhu Ding Zhong, suffering from fire Dan sores. And soil pestle, apply it. "
③ "The book of Materia Medica" says: "Ye: enter into careful research, treat children's flame pill, eliminate redness and swelling. "
④ "Save famine Materia Medica": "apply swelling poison, sore, detoxification. "
⑤ "Diannan Materia Medica": "it can cure children's wind heat, attack sores and poisons, wash scabies, paralysis, itching and pain, and dispel skin wind. "
⑥ According to the picture of Materia Medica in South Yunnan, "it can cure infantile wind evil, febrile disease, convulsion, phlegm resolving and spasmolysis, acne, wind sores and wind itching all over the body. He can attack and disperse. Ye: wash sore. "
⑦ "Compendium": "Miao: dispelling heat and dispersing blood. "
⑧ "Modern practical Chinese medicine": diuretic and anti-inflammatory. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang. External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of emphysema: Crow's eye grass, smashing, wine clothing. (Puji Fang)
② To cure carbuncle without head: apply it with Solanum nigrum. (empirical formula)
③ Cure all back carbuncle and ulcer: offer the whole one and pound it with the vine leaves of crow's eyes. (Pocket recipe)
④ Treatment of scrofula: Zanthoxylum bungeanum and peach bark are divided into two parts, and then apply sesame oil to the affected area. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of dampness sores: Tamp the leaves of Solanum nigrum seedlings. (compendium)
⑧ Treatment of sprain swelling and pain: fresh Solanum nigrum leaves, even to seven. Chop, sprinkle appropriate amount of fermented grains, mash and apply to the affected area, change once or twice a day. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑦ Not on the treatment of hematemesis: one point, half a day eggplant seedlings. On two flavor, pound for powder. Every time you take two money daggers, you can adjust the new water to any time. (Shengji Zonglu ginseng powder)
⑧ More than blood avalanche treatment: shanhaijiao - two, Buddha nail five money. Take it in boiling water. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑨ Cure dysentery: Solanum nigrum leaf eight money to one or two (fresh with double amount), sugar eight money. Take it in water. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of acute nephritis, edema, less urine: fresh Solanum nigrum, fresh each five money, two money. Take it in water. (Hebei Traditional Chinese medicine manual)
[clinical application] ① treatment of chronic tracheitis
Solanum nigrum whole grass (dry) 1 liang, 3 money, 1 money, for a day. The sugar coated tablets were taken three times a day, 10 days as a course of treatment, with an interval of 5-7 days. The total effective rate was 87.5%, and the marked effective rate was 56.14%. According to the observation, the effect of simple type is better than that of wheezing type; the effect of relieving cough and eliminating phlegm is better than that of relieving asthma and anti-inflammatory, and 75% of cases have curative effect within 10 days. According to the observation of X-ray and sputum cells, the thickening of lung stria, columnar epithelial cells and inflammatory cells were improved and decreased in varying degrees after treatment, suggesting that the pathological tissue may be repaired. In addition, tincture made of Solanum nigrum fruit is also used. Take it 3 times a day, 10-20 ml each time. 10 days is a course of treatment. 52 cases were treated and 47 cases were controlled after 103 courses.
② Treating cancer
Fresh Solanum nigrum whole grass 2 liang (dry 1 liang), fresh 4 liang (dry 2 liang), 5 yuan, fried twice a day. Four cases of malignant hydatidiform mole were treated, and all of them were cured. Combined with surgical resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, many cases of choriocarcinoma of uterus, ovarian cancer and liver cancer were treated, and the effects were also achieved to varying degrees. In addition, one case of fibrosarcoma was cured by decocting Solanum nigrum for 2-3 times, and no recurrence was found during the follow-up of one year.
③ Used to relieve itching
Take 2 liang of fresh Solanum nigrum (root removed) and 1 liang of dry Solanum nigrum, add 800 ml water and fry for 15-20 minutes. One dose daily, twice in the morning and afternoon. According to the duration of the skin disease, the treatment lasted for 7-25 days. 50 cases of diffuse eczema were observed. All patients had extensive skin damage and severe pruritus. They used calcium and procaine intravenously, and took finagan or diphenhydramine orally, which only played a temporary quiet role. After taking Solanum nigrum, the skin edema gradually subsided and the itching was alleviated. 7 cases had significant antipruritic effect, maintained 3-4 hours without itching, urinated a little more, and had good sleep at night; 25 cases had antipruritic effect, pruritus could be relieved for 2-3 hours, and had good sleep; 10 cases had slight antipruritic effect, pruritus was slightly relieved after taking; 8 cases had no effect. It is a non sedative antipruritic agent and should not be administered at night. For the patients with mental disorder during the day, insomnia at night, extensive skin lesions, skin edema and pruritus, the curative effect is better. Its antipruritic effect is nonspecific, similar to that of analgesics, and can only play the role of symptomatic treatment. Therefore, comprehensive treatment should be given according to the etiology.
The above is the picture of Solanum nigrum seed and the efficacy and function of Solanum nigrum seed. For more information about Solanum nigrum, please look down
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