(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[alias] qianlixiang, manshanxiang, Yueju, Wulixiang, shuiwanqing, Qilixiang, guoshanxiang, qianqianyan, Wenshan.
[source] it is the branch and leaf of Murraya.
[plant morphology] Murraya
Shrubs or trees, the wood is very hard, 3-8 meters high, bald or tender part is pubescent. Its leaflets vary greatly from ovate, spoon obovate, elliptic to subrhombic, 2-7 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, apex obtuse or obtuse acuminate, sometimes slightly concave, base broad cuneate or cuneate, sometimes slightly oblique, entire. The corymb is short, terminal or in the upper leaf axils, usually with several white flowers, very fragrant, 1.2-1.5 cm long; the calyx is very small, 5-lobed; the petals are 5, separated, imbricate; the stamens are 10, the filaments are weak; the ovary is superior, 2-locular, the style is weak, and the stigma is capitate. Fruit ovoid or globose, fleshy, red, 8-12 mm long, apex acute, with 1-2 seeds. It blooms in autumn.
It grows in the wild and is cultivated. It is distributed in the south of China.
The root of this plant (Murraya root) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] all year round.
[herbal medicine] the dried stem is thin and round, generally cut into 3-6cm long segments, with a maximum diameter of not more than 7mm; it is grayish yellow in appearance, with fine longitudinal lines, cork peeling off, exposing flesh colored xylem; the center of cross section is light in color and hard in quality. Dry leaves leathery, ovate or elliptic, 2-7 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, yellowish green, base cuneate, entire, main veins prominent on the back. Petiole very short. It's fragrant.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other places.
[nature and taste] 1. Essential preparation of raw herbal medicine: "the taste is pungent and the nature is warm. "
② Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "pungent, bitter, warm. "
[Guijing] records of Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine: "entering the heart, liver and lung meridians. "
Functions and indications: promoting Qi, activating blood circulation, expelling wind, removing dampness, and having the effect of anesthesia and analgesia. It is used to treat epigastric pain, stomachache, rheumatic arthralgia, swelling and toxin, scabies, pruritus, swelling and pain, toothache, insect and snake bite.
① "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": it can relieve pain, reduce swelling and toxin, dredge orifices, stop sore and itch, remove skin wind, and kill scabies. "
② According to Lingnan medicine collection record, "if you have a hundred sons of phlegm, use a pinch of leaves to mash and cook porridge, and take sugar.". "
③ "Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals": "Xingqi Zhitong, Huoxue Sanyu. Treatment of traumatic swelling, rheumatism, Qitong. "
[usage and dosage] take orally: decoct soup, 3-6 yuan; or soak in wine. External use: tamping.
[taboo] "it is forbidden to use in the case of yin deficiency and fire hyperactivity" in Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals. "
[selection] treatment of eczema: fresh branches and leaves of Murraya, fried in water, scrub the affected area. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] used for local anesthesia and surface anesthesia. The effect of local anesthesia with jiulixiang injection on 100 cases of large and small operations was stable, without adverse reactions, stable blood pressure, pulse and respiration during and after operation, no liver and kidney damage or other complications, no bleeding, edema, necrosis and other phenomena, and the analgesia time was long. 49 cases of subtotal gastrectomy, except 2 cases, no obvious pain. The disadvantage is that the local stimulation is large, the abdominal muscles are tense during abdominal surgery, and it is still difficult for deep surgery. Dosage: for subtotal gastrectomy, 12.5% injection 150-200 ml (incision infiltration) and 6.25% injection 150-200 ml (visceral sealing) are used; for minor operation, tens of ml are used. Anesthesia was produced about 10-20 minutes after injection, and the operation time was up to 3 hours. Before subtotal gastrectomy, 0.1g of phenobarbital sodium or 50-100mg of pethidine were injected intramuscularly. For patients with mental tension, half or full dose of hibernation I was added. 108 cases of tonsillectomy were performed with the topical anesthetic made from thymus morifolium and applied on the surface of pharyngeal and laryngeal mucosa. A few minutes after the application of the drug, anesthesia appeared and the pain decreased. The anesthesia time can last about 10 minutes. Preparation: Take 1 jin of stems and leaves of thymus, wash and crush them, add 1000 ml of Sanhua wine or 50% alcohol, soak them for 24 hours, and then filter them for later use.
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