[source] it is the meat of domestic chicken.
[animal form] domestic chicken (Qianjin Shizhi), also known as candle night (Cui Bao's ancient and modern notes).
Poultry. The mouth is short and firm, slightly conical, and slightly curved. The nostril is fissured and scaly. The eye has a blink membrane. There is a crown on the head and a droop on both sides of the throat, which is usually reddish brown; the crown of the male is high and the female is low; the droop of the male is also large. The feather color of male is more beautiful, with long and beautiful tail feathers; the tail feathers of female are very short. The foot is strong, and the tarsal, metatarsal and toe are covered with scales; the toe is 4, the front 3, the back 1, and the back toe is short and slightly high. In males, there is a distance behind the tarsometatarsal part.
Because of the relationship between breeding and crossbreeding, domestic chickens have many varieties, and their body size and coat color are different. Food is mainly plant seeds, fruits and insects. The cock is good at crowing. They are raised all over the country.
Chicken blood (chicken blood), head (chicken head), brain (chicken brain), crop (chicken crop), wing feather (chicken he feather), inner wall of sand sac (chicken inner gold), liver (chicken liver), gall (chicken gall), intestine (chicken intestine), egg (chicken), protein (chicken white), egg yolk (chicken yellow), eggshell (chicken shell), eggshell inner membrane (Phoenix coat) and male saliva are also used for medicine. See the special articles for details.
[chemical composition] it contains 74 grams of water, 23.3 grams of protein, 1.2 grams of fat and 1.1 grams of ash per 100 grams, 11 mg of calcium, 190 mg of phosphorus, 1.5 mg of iron, 0.03 mg of thiamine, 0.09 mg of riboflavin and 8 mg of nicotinic acid. It also contains vitamin A, C and e2.5 ng / g. The ash contains 0.013% iron oxide, 0.015% calcium oxide, 0.061% magnesium oxide, 0.56% potassium, 0.128% sodium, 0.58% total phosphoric acid, 0.06% chlorine and 0.29% sulfur. In addition, it contains 60-90 mg% cholesterol. It contains 3-methylhistidine.
Broiled chicken contains high unsaturated fatty acids and C18:2 fatty acids (fatty acids have 18 carbon atoms and two double bonds). Compared with skin and abdominal fat, breast muscle and thigh fat contain more C18:2, C18:3 and c20:4 fatty acids, while c18:0 and C18:1 fatty acids are less.
Sweet and warm.
① Ben Jing: "Dan xiongji: sweet, slightly warm. "
② "Bielu": "Danxiong chicken: slightly cold, non-toxic. Yellow female: sour, flat. "
③ "Qianjin? Shizhi": Yellow female chicken: sour and salty, flat. Black Rooster: Gan, Ping. White cock: sour, slightly warm. "
④ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "black female chicken: warm, sour, non-toxic. "
⑤ "Daily use Materia Medica": "white female chicken: sour and sweet, flat. "
⑥ "Qinshan is about to go," says "Wuxiong chicken: sweet and sour, nontoxic. "
⑦ "Diannan Materia Medica": "yellow female chicken: salty, sweet, warm. "
⑧ "Compendium": "Taihe old chicken: Gan Xin, hot, non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering spleen and stomach channels.
① "Into the liver. "
② Summary of materia medica: "enter the hand foot Taiyin and Yangming scriptures. "
Functions and indications: warm the middle, replenish qi, replenish essence and marrow. It is used to treat asthenia, fatigue, emaciation, deficiency of stomach, lack of food, diarrhea, Bian dysentery, thirst, edema, frequent urination, metrorrhagia, leucorrhea, postpartum milk deficiency and weakness after illness.
① "Ben Jing" says: "Dan xiongji: master the woman's collapse and leakage, red and white, tonifying deficiency and warming, stopping bleeding and killing poison. Black female chicken: main wind cold dampness Bi, stillbirth. "
② "Bielu": "Dan xiongji: the main long-term injury lack of sores. White male chicken: it can control the lower Qi, cure the crazy evil, soothe the five zang organs, hurt, and quench thirst. Yellow female chicken: in the main injury, thirst, urine can not help, bowel discharge, tonifying the five internal organs, continue injury, cure labor, Qi. Black Rooster: Main tonic pain. "
③ Meng Shen: "yellow female chicken: the main abdominal water addiction, edema, supplement husband Yang, treatment of cold air.". Those who are thin will eat it gradually. "Vinegar boiled fasting food, treatment of long red white dysentery. "
④ "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "black female chicken: treatment of nausea, abdominal pain, bone pain, breast carbuncle. It's safe. "
⑤ "Materia medica collection": "white chicken: benefit urination, eliminate erysipelas. "
⑥ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "yellow female chicken: stop poor labor, add marrow and essence, help Yang Qi, warm small intestine, stop ejaculation and replenish water Qi. Black female chicken: peace of mind, treatment of blood evil, breaking heart blood and carbuncle discharge pus, tonifying heart blood, tonifying postpartum deficiency, tonifying color and Qi. "
⑦ "Yin Shan Zheng Zheng": black female chicken: it's hard to cure milk. "
⑧ "Compendium": "Taihe old chicken: inner child acne. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: boiled or stewed juice.
[taboo] it's not suitable to eat those who are positive or evil.
① Yilin zuanyao: "fat, greasy and stagnant, those with external evils should not eat it. "
② According to the diet chart of suixiju: "more food makes more heat.". "
[prescription selection] 1. To cure the deficiency and damage of accumulated labor, or to recover after a serious illness: a black female chicken is treated as if it were eaten. It is treated as if it were eaten by one jin of raw land (cut), two liters of maltose, put it into the belly of the chicken, bind it in a hurry, and store it in a bronze container. Steam five liters of rice for a long time and take it out in a moment. Eat meat and drink juice, not salt. Three times in March. And stop night sweats. (Yao Seng Tan's collected prescriptions)
② Cure weakness, fatigue and evil: one black Rooster (? Wash, cut to be decisive), one orange peel (remove white), one ginger, two pepper and two caokuo. Mix onion, vinegar and sauce, put them into the bottle and seal them. Cook them well and eat them on an empty stomach. (Yin Shan Zheng Zheng)
③ To cure five chokes, diet is not good, chest diaphragm obstruction, thin and weak: a yellow female chicken (to hair, intestines) speculation wandering. Face half a Jin, cinnamon heart end a cent, red Poria cocos a cent (end). With cinnamon and other powder and noodles for cable cake, cooked in soy sauce, sleep food. (yellow female chicken pancake in Sheng Hui Fang)
④ Treatment of nausea: a chicken with anti hair, boiled rotten to bone, into ginseng, angelica, salt each half two, and then with boiled rotten, eat to the end. (business in heaven and earth)
⑤ Five slow six acute, bone pain, can not step on the ground: a black female chicken cooked, with soy sauce, ginger, pepper, onion, sauce called soup, hollow food. (black female chicken soup in Sheng Hui Fang)
⑥ Treatment of deafness due to kidney deficiency: one black male chicken, treated with three liters of ashless wine, boiled, and hot food, three or five of which are effective. (compendium)
[clinical application] chicken skin transplantation can replace allogeneic skin in the treatment of burn wounds. Methods: in the early stage of deep burn, after escharectomy or escharectomy, large pieces of chicken skin were transplanted; or large pieces of chicken skin were drilled in advance, and then embedded into autologous skin after transplantation. For the granulation wound and infection wound (after removing the eschar), stamp size or large piece of chicken skin transplantation was performed. It has been proved that the transplantation of chicken skin on escharectomy wound can fundamentally prevent infection, eliminate the adverse effects of local administration on the whole body, reduce the occurrence of complications, accelerate wound healing, shorten the course of treatment and improve the cure rate. Especially in the case of sepsis, timely use of chicken skin transplantation can strive for crisis transformation and win time for further rescue. In order to control the infection and reduce the exudation, we should use chicken skin to cover the deep second infection wound after removing the scab.
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