(Cao Mu Bian Fang)
[source] it is the rhizome of Phyllostachys edulis.
[plant morphology] purple bamboo, also known as black bamboo (history of ru'nan PU), black bamboo (grass and trees are convenient), water bamboo.
The culm is 3-5 m in height, sometimes 7-10 m in height, 2-4 cm in diameter, cylindric, or branched, with only longitudinal grooves in the internodes. It is green when it is young, and has white powder under the sheath ring, and then becomes brownish purple or even brownish black; the culm ring is raised; the sheath is greenish brown or greenish reddish brown, with slender longitudinal veins, glabrous or sparsely small spines and purple spots on the upper part, with dark purple sheath ears on both sides of the top There are purple hairs on the ears; the sheath leaves are short, green and wrinkled. The main branch is generally black or light dark, or with black spots. The leaf sheath is 2-3cm long, glabrous or hairy, and the sheath mouth has several gray brown hairs when it is young. The leaf blade is very thin, slender lanceolate, 6-10 cm long, 10-15 mm wide, apex acuminate, base narrow, contracted into petiole 1.5-3 mm long, green on the top, glabrous on the bottom, whitish on the bottom, with micro hairs, especially at the base, with small saw teeth on the edge or smooth on one side. The spikelets are fan-shaped, usually 2-4 at the top of the last branchlet, supported by 4-6 bracts at the base. There are membranous scales covered with microvilli in the spikelets. The spikelets contain 3-4 flowers, slender, 14-20 mm long, and their terminal flowers often degenerate; glumes 1-2 (absent in the terminal spikelets); lemmas (the first flower) are covered with microvilli, with sharp apex; palea is covered with microvilli, with 2 teeth at the apex; 3 scales, ovate, often of different sizes; anthers are gray white, hanging to the outside of flowers after maturity; ovary is conical, smooth, glossy, petiolate; style 1, with 3 stigmas at the top. The shoot period is from April to May. The flowering period is July.
It is usually cultivated in the courtyard.
[collection] all year round.
[nature and taste] pungent and mild.
① "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "Xin, Ping. "
② "Luchuan Materia Medica": "sweet, cool. "
③ Chongqing herbal medicine: "it is pungent, mild and nontoxic. "
Functions and indications: dispel wind, break blood stasis and detoxify. Treatment of rheumatic arthralgia, amenorrhea, Baihuang, rabies bite.
① "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "in addition to rheumatism, Tongji. It can cure the pain of waist and foot, wind epilepsy and dog bite. "
② "Chongqing herbal medicine" says: "it can promote qi to break accumulation and clear the liver meridian of wind heat. Treatment of Qi and blood stagnation, mass, stop 100, stop menstruation. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang.
[prescription selection] ① it can cure the poisonous hair of mad dog bite, angina pectoris, no dependence of heart, and scratch and bite at random; or it can feel the poisonous gas, feel the wind and fear the sound of gongs when bitten; zhenwendang, hongchaihu, Gancao, qianhuo, Duhuo, Qianhu, ginger and Fuling are three money each; Zhike (stir fried), Fuxiong and Platycodon are two money each; Sanguisorba officinalis is one or two; Zizhu root is one big grip, and water is thick fried and warm. When decocting medicine, you need a large pot of water, so that you can thoroughly decoct the concentrated juice. If you are bitten by a good dog, you can also use this prescription before it is sent out. Add one or two black herbs and fry it with rice dressing and food. Pregnant women can also take it. (new edition of Mei's prescription)
② Cure rabies: black bamboo root two liang, white flower Bupleurum one or two, search mountain tiger one or two. Boiled water clothes. (Chongqing herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Zi Zhu Gen
Gold iron lock. Jin Tie Suo
Impatiens. Feng Xian Gen
Rhodiola. Hong Jing Tian
fennel. Hui Xiang
Bitter wood. Ku Mu
Croton trichophyllum. Mao Ye Ba Dou
Polygonum capitatum. Mu Tian Liao
Eucheuma. Qi Lin Cai
Shad scales. Shi Yu Lin
Millet grass. Xiao Mi Cao
opium. Ya Pian
Narrow leaf ribbon grass. Zhai Ye Piao Dai Cao