[synonyms] Wuyuan (bielu), Wuyuan (compendium), Bianzhu (flora of Guangzhou), yilima (medicinal plant of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine), Fanba grass (collection of common folk herbs), tuzhimu (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine), lengshuidan, toad tiaoque (Jiangxi traditional Chinese Medicine), tiebiandan (Jiangsu traditional Chinese medicine manual).
[source] it is the rhizome of iris.
[plant morphology] iris
Perennial herbs. The rhizome is stoloniferous, with short internodes and light yellow. Leaves alternate, 2-row, sword shaped, ca. 30-45 cm long and ca. 2 cm wide. The flower is cyan purple, with 1-3 flowers arranged in racemes. At the base of the petiole, there is a Buddha flame bract, which is boat like, 4-5 cm long. It is much longer than the petiole. Perianth is 6-2-whorled, tube is slender, about 3 cm long. The outer whorl is 3-piece round, 5 cm in diameter, with cockscomb protuberance on it, white or blue. The inner whorl is 3-piece smaller, usually transverse. Stamen is 3-whorl-shaped, inserted at the base of the outer whorl, and anther is linear Pistil 1, ovary inferior, 3-locular; style 3-branched, petaloid. Capsule long elliptic, 6-ribbed, 3-4 cm long. Seeds numerous, round, black. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from October to November.
It grows in the tidal wetland under the forest, at the foot of the mountain and by the stream. It is cultivated in most areas of China.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[herbal medicine] the dried rhizome is flat cylindrical, with gray brown surface and nodes. There are often divergences on the nodes. One end of the internodes expands and the other end shrinks. Most of the internodes grow concentric rings. The closer to the top, the denser.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and other places.
[chemical composition] the leaves contain a lot of vitamin C. The flowers contain embenin.
The rhizome contains iris flavonoid glycosides, iris flavonoid new glycosides a, B and vanilla hexone diglucoside.
It's hard work, cold and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and flat. "
② Bielu: "poisonous. "
③ Guiyang folk herbs: "pungent, cold, slightly toxic. "
[function indications] Xiaoji, broken blood stasis, water, detoxification. It is used to treat food stagnation and fullness, Baihuang accumulation, distention, swelling and toxin, hemorrhoids and fistula, and traumatic injury.
① Ben Jing: "it can break through the accumulation of Baihuang, remove the water and remove the three insects. "
② Bielu: "treating dizziness. "
③ "The treatment of distention" in Guizhou folk medicine collection. "
④ "Collection of commonly used folk herbal medicines": "treatment of hemorrhoids and rabies. "
⑤ Chinese medicine and plant illustrated book: "Application of swelling toxin. "
⑥ Jiangxi "Chinese herbal medicine science": "defecate and release heat, promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.3-1 yuan; or grinding powder. External use: tamping.
[taboo] take it carefully when the body is weak.
[prescription selection] 1. To cure food accumulation and fullness: the mother of Anemarrhena Anemarrhena has one dollar. Grind and swallow with boiled water or wine. (Guiyang folk herbs)
② Cure throat disease, food accumulation, blood accumulation: iris root one to three money. Take it by frying. (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of water: flat bamboo root (water side health, purple flower is better) research natural juice, a cup of service, pass that stop medicine. Do not take tonic. (Puji Fang)
④ Treatment of traumatic injuries: iris root one to three money. Grind or grind juice, cold water delivery service, so also known as "cold water Dan.". (Jiangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
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