(food materia medica by Wang Ying)
[synonym] Crotalaria (compendium) and herbs (preparation of raw herbs).
[source] it is the whole plant of broccoli.
[plant morphology] daylily
Annual herb with foul odor. Stems much branched, up to 1 m, densely covered with sticky glandular hairs. The leaves are palmately compound, alternate; petiole 3-7 cm long; leaflets 5, obovate or rhomboid obovate, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, apex acute or obtuse, base cuneate, entire or denticulate, glabrous on top, hairy on veins below. Inflorescence terminal; flowers pedunculate, base with leaflike bracts 3; sepals 4, ovate, apex acute; petals 4, obovate, ca. 1 cm long, ca. 5 mm wide, clawed, white or purplish; stamens 6, lower part of filaments attached to pistil ovary stalk; pistil ovary has long stalk, protruding above petals, 1-locular, style short, stigma flat capitate. Capsule long angular, 5-10 cm long, apex with persistent stigma. Seeds reniform, ca. 1 mm wide, dark brown, middle invaginated, surface with protuberant wrinkled membrane. The flowering period is from May to August. The fruit period is from June to September.
Grow in the wasteland, or grow in the garden. Distributed in Hebei, Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Guangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangdong and other places.
The seeds () and roots (cauliflower root) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest in summer.
[chemical composition] it contains pungent volatile oil, which is similar to oil.
[pharmacological action] the leaves have anti stimulation effect.
Sweet and warm.
① "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": sweet taste, flat nature. "
② "Suixiju diet spectrum": "bitter, sweet, warm. "
[function indications] it is used to treat rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injury, malaria, dysentery, leucorrhea and hemorrhoids.
① Wang Ying's food materia medica: "Xiaqi. "
② "The compendium of Medical Sciences" states: "decocting water to wash hemorrhoids; tamping and applying rheumatism to relieve pain; drinking wine to stop malaria. "
③ "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": it is used to treat contusions and snakebites. "
④ "Stop dysentery. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: fried, washed or tamped.
[taboo] Wang Ying's food materia medica: "more food can move the wind, stagnate the viscera, make the stomach stuffy and hurt the spleen. "
[prescription selection] 1. For men's hypostasis and women's leucorrhea: wash and chop half a liang of tender leaves of broccoli, stew them with small intestine or rock sugar and water. (Minnan folk herbal medicine)
② Treatment of hemorrhoids: wash broccoli, take appropriate amount of water, boil several times, wash the affected area. (Minnan folk herbal medicine)
[poisoning] it is easy to cause poisoning after eating too much or a small amount of broccoli for many times. There were 6 cases of dizziness, nausea, vomiting, hyperhidrosis, blurred vision and numbness of limbs about 12 hours after eating broccoli. Among them, 3 cases were in severe condition, with dilated pupil, slow response to light, slight protrusion of abdomen and weakened bowel sounds. Regular treatment, 3 days after recovery.
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