(Complete Book of agricultural administration)
[synonyms] yugaoliang (compendium), fanmai, Yumai (liuqingrizha), xifanmai (xuepu Zashu), Yumai, yushushu (agricultural administration Encyclopedia), Yushu (compendium), Rongshu (guangqunfangpu), hongxumai (Menghua Prefecture annals), yimibao (Yilin Zhuanyao), zhulushu, lujiaoshu, Yumi (Shuangxi wuchanshu), Baogu, Luyu Gu, Yushu (Qi Min Si mu), xitianmai (Pingliang county annals), yuliushu (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), Xiansu (suixiju diet), zhenmi (Erya Gu Ming Kao), Sumi, Baosu (Lingnan medicine collection record), baomaimi (Chinese medicine plant annals), Baomi (Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine plant).
[source] it is the seed of maize.
[plant morphology] Maize
Annual herbs. The stem is stout, erect, 1-4 meters high, with pith between nodes and aerial roots at the base. Leaf blade long, flat, sword or lanceolate, apex acuminate, margin undulate, with strong midrib. Male panicle terminal, male spikelet twin, 1 cm long, containing 2 florets; glumes several equal length, membranous, dorsal protuberant, with 9-10 veins; lemma and palea are transparent membranous, almost equal to glumes; anthers orange yellow, 5 mm long; female spikelets twin, arranged in 8-30 rows on thick spongy rachis; glumes equal, very wide, veinless, ciliated, the first small Flowers sterile; lemma hyaline membranous, glume like but small glabrous, palea or not; lemma of the second floret like the first floret, with a palea; pistil with very long and thin style. Caryopsis slightly globose, beyond glumes and lemmas at maturity. The flowering and fruiting period is from June to September.
It is cultivated all over the country.
The root (corn root), leaf (corn leaf), style (corn whisker) and cob (corn stalk) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[nature and taste] 1. In the compendium, it is sweet, flat and non-toxic. "
② Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, light, slightly cold. "
[Guijing] compendium of materia medica: "start with, zuyangmingjing. "
[functions and indications] 1. In the compendium of Medical Sciences, it is said that "regulating the middle of the stomach is an appetizer. "
② Yilin zuanyao: "Yifei Ningxin. "
③ "Materia medica tuichen": "it's a stomach tonic. Decoction also has diuretic effect. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, cook food or grind fine powder as cake bait.
Chinese PinYin : Yu Shu Shu
Mottled bamboo root. Ban Zhu Gen
Plant ash. Cao Mu Hui
Cirsium japonicum. Da Ji
Green onion. Cong
Variegated leaf. Hua Ban Ye
Stephania fortunei. Qian Jin Teng
Pockmarked seeds. Qing Ma Zi
Hawthorn root. Shan Zha Gen
Ampelopsis grossedentata. She Pu Tao
Shiwei. Shi Wei
Sour root does not slip away. Suan Bu Liu Gen
Xiaofen. Xiao Fen