(Tang materia medica)
[synonyms] Huaziteng (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), maoerteng, shanhongyang, shanbalsam pear (Quanzhou herbal medicine).
[source] it is the stem and leaf of botryaceae.
[plant morphology] hoof?
Deciduous Liana. The branches are slender and angular, and the young branches are densely covered with dark gray or rust colored villi. The bark has no lenticels and is flaky; pith brown. Leaves alternate, usually 3-5-lobed, about 6-14 cm long, about equal in width, heart-shaped at base, with light and irregular coarse serrated margin, dark green above, glabrous or with sparse fine hairs on veins, dark gray or rusty below, densely tomentose; petiole 3-8 cm long, usually hairy. Panicle 5-10 cm long, flowers bisexual and unisexual, allogeneic; calyx discoid, entire; petals green white, 5 pieces; stamen 5, born under pistil, disc base, opposite pistil; under pistil, there is disc, containing 5 nectaries, ovary 2-locular, inflorescence short conic. Berry black, with purple wax powder, oval or oval. 1-3 seeds. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruit period is from September to October.
It grows in the Bush on the hillside. It is distributed in Fujian, Sichuan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Shandong and Taiwan.
The root of this plant (hoof root) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest from July to August.
[chemical composition] the fruit contains 10% sugar, tartaric acid, malic acid, citric acid and other organic acids, as well as tannin, fat, wax, pigment and vitamins.
[nature and taste] Compendium: "sweet, flat, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: dispelling dampness, diuresis and detoxification. It is used to treat gonorrhea, dysentery, arthralgia, dysphoria, dysphoria, mastitis, eczema and sore.
① Tang materia medica: "it's good to cure the disease, but it's better to vomit after typhoid fever. "
② In the collection of materia medica: "the juice drips into the eyes to cure the heat and red barrier. "
③ Compendium: "quench thirst, benefit urination. "
④ Fujian Chinese herbal medicine: "cooling blood to stop bleeding, detumescence and detoxification. "
[usage and dosage] neiqiang: decoction, 0.5-1 Liang; or mashed juice. External use: tamping or taking juice, eyedrops and ear drops.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of blood drenching: five coins of hoof vine, five coins of Plantago asiatica, three coins of phoenix tail grass, three coins of artichoke and five coins of lotus root knot. Take it in water. (experimental study of traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Cure dysentery: hoof? Stem one or two. Fried in water. Red dysentery with white sugar, white dysentery with brown sugar one or two tune service.
③ Treat rheumatism joint pain: hoof? Stem one two five money. Decoct the wine and water half and take them separately.
④ Treatment of epilepsy: fresh hoof? Stem (pick thick peeled) three Liang. Decoct twice, one dose a day, three to five doses in a row. (2) Jiangxi folk herbal medicine
⑤ When the hoof and rattan are broken, the juice will come out, and the utensil will bear it. Drink one liter. (behind the elbow)
⑥ Treatment of scrofula: one or two hoof stems and roots, fried twice, once a day after meals. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of traumatic injury: two liang of whole hoof grass, half of water and half of wine.
⑧ Treatment of mastitis, eye: dry hoof? Whole grass, dandelion, shangancaotou each seven money, water decoction.
⑨ Treatment of skin eczema: fresh hoof? Leaf, mash juice, wipe the affected area.
⑩ Treat foot sore for a long time: fresh hoof? Leaf, tamp the affected area, to the degree of the more. (7) Quanzhou materia medica is published below.)
(11) treatment of ear carbuncle: clean the fresh hoof vine, cut off a section, and blow it from one end to the patient's ear canal, so that the vine juice drops into the ear. (prescription of Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
(12) treatment of traumatic bleeding: hoof leaves, dried powder, external use. (selected materials for investigation of unilateral and verified prescriptions)
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