(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonyms] zibeicao (a textual research on the name of plants), pseudokale and pozhancao (Lingnan medicine collection record), hongbeiye (Guangzhou flora), xiahong and louhongcao (Fujian folk herbal medicine), dandelion, 72zhihua and niuweixi (Guangxi Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine plant), zibeihuacao (Nanning medicine record), Aegilops and tianmaocao (Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine resource name) Chinese herbal medicine of Guangxi.
[source] it is the whole grass or the whole grass with roots of Compositae.
[plant morphology] yidianhong
Annual herb, 10-40 cm high. Stems erect, or inclined near roots, purplish red or green, glabrous or sparsely hairy. The basal leaves are ovate and Harp shaped, 5-10 cm long; the upper leaves are smaller, often entire or coarsely serrated, with more or less amplexicaul at the base; the leaf surface is green, and the back is often purplish red. Inflorescence capitate, terminal; peduncle 5-8 cm long, 2-divergent each; involucre bract oblong, 2-row, green, base expanded; receptacle flat; flowers bisexual, all tubular flowers, corolla and bract several equal length, purple, with short hairs on the surface, 5-lobed, stamen 5, anther truncate, top with a glandular tip, base blunt; pistil 1, ovary inferior, stigma bifurcated, slightly extending above anther . Achene ca. 3 mm, narrowly oblong, angulate, corolla white, soft. The flowering period is from July to November. The fruit period is from September to December.
Born in the countryside, roadside or grass. Distribution in Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Hunan and other places.
The main difference is that the involucre is shorter than the corolla, and the lower leaves are ovate, with only thick teeth, not harp like division. The whole herb is also used as medicine, and its efficacy is basically the same as that of this product.
[collection] it can be harvested all year round, fresh or dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] dried whole grass. About 30 cm long, rhizome slender, cylindrical, light brown yellow. The stem is much branched, thin cylindrical, longitudinally striated, grayish green or yellowish brown. The leaves are papery, mostly shrunken, grayish green, ovate and Harp shaped at the base, smaller at the upper part and slightly clasping at the base. The inflorescence is dry, the flowers fall off, only the receptacle and involucre, the bracts are dark brown, dry and membranous. Achene light yellow brown, crown hair very much, white. It's hay, light and salty. It is better to have dry feet and many leaves.
Produced in Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other places.
[chemical constituents] the whole herb contains alkaloids and phenols
Bitter and cool.
① "Lingnan caiyao Lu": "it is sweet in taste and flat in nature. "
② "Bitter, cool" in Nanning medical records. "
③ Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II: "cool nature, light taste, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, promoting diuresis, cooling blood and detoxifying. For dysentery, diarrhea, hematochezia, edema, intestinal carbuncle, ear, eye, throat moth, sore, swelling and poison.
① Lingnan medicine collection record: "it can treat hemorrhoids and diarrhea, benefit children's accumulation of worms, treat five malnutrition, appetize food, and relieve fish poison. "
② "Fujian folk herbal medicine": "promoting blood circulation and detumescence, diuresis and expelling water. "
③ Lu Chuan's materia medica: "cooling blood and eliminating inflammation. Treatment of wound infection, redness and swelling. "
④ "Nanning drug records": "pain relief, elimination of vicious big sores, conjunctivitis. "
⑤ "Raw herbal medicine manual": "treat breast sores, dysentery. "
⑥ "The wild detergent" can be said. "
⑦ Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II: "clearing dampness and heat of large intestine, cooling blood and promoting muscle, detumescence and detoxification. For dysentery, anal prolapse (with huotanmu), fever after measles, internal sleepiness, red eyes, sore swelling, eczema, itching pain, breast sores (external washing or tamping), genital redness and swelling in children (external washing or internal taking). "
⑧ "Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine": "treatment of contusion, snake injury. "
⑨ "Common Chinese herbal medicine color atlas": "treatment of damp heat diarrhea, cold fever, sore throat, oral ulcer. "
⑩ "New selection of practical Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi": antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. Treatment of acute upper respiratory tract inflammation, pneumonia, tonsillitis, oral ulcer, mastitis, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, dysentery, diarrhea, snake bite. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 5-8 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External hanging: frying, washing or tamping.
[taboo] Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II: "pregnant women should use it with caution. "
[prescription selection] ① for red and white dysentery syndrome and distant bloody stool: it is taken with the decoction of sheep hoof grass and pig essence meat. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
② Treatment of enteritis, diarrhea: a little red four Liang, fantaoye four Liang. Add appropriate amount of water, fry into 1250 ml, twice a day, 50 ml each time. (prescription collection of new Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi)
③ Treatment of edema: fresh a little red grass, JUNCAO each two. Fried in water, taken before meals, twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of pyelonephritis: a little red one jin, dog liver vegetable one jin, plantain half Jin. Fry in 500 ml water. Adults, 10 ml three times a day. (prescription collection of new Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi)
⑤ Treatment of women's mastitis at the beginning: fresh a little red stems and leaves a grip, add brown sugar total mash, heat application. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of unknown swelling poison, mouth sores: fresh a little red leaves a grip, add brown sugar mash application, change twice a day. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of finger sores: a little red with a little sugar mashed compress. (prescription of Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑧ Ear treatment: fresh a little red, wash, soak with boiling water. Mash the natural juice. Wash the affected ear first, and then pour the medicine juice into the ear twice or three times a day. It has the effect of purulent discharge, detumescence and pain relief. (prescription of Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of wind heat Yimo: wild mustard four Liang, plum piece a point. They were mashed and applied around the eyes. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of laryngeal moth: fresh a little red three Liang, fried in water, frequently containing pharynx. (prescription of Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of children with upper respiratory tract infection and acute tonsillitis: yidianhong and guyangteng are equal. 500 ml of decoction per Jin. From three months to three years old, 20-40 ml each time, and the dosage should be increased as appropriate for those over three years old. (prescription collection of new Chinese herbal medicine in Guangxi)
(12) treatment of ulcers and flying ulcers (mostly affected by limbs, local swelling, burning, blistering, itching, and then rotten, and rapidly spread): a little fresh red stems and leaves mashed, applied to the affected area, day and night each change. (prescription of Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
Treatment of traumatic swelling and pain: eight liang of wild mustard and four liang of Achyranthes bidentata. Mash and apply to the affected area. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
(14) treat infantile malnutrition, wild mustard root three money. Steamed lean pork. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] in the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection and bronchopneumonia in children
60 cases of upper respiratory tract infection and 26 cases of bronchopneumonia were treated with yidianhong injection (1g crude drug per milliliter) combined with other symptomatic therapy. The most common age was 1-3 years old. Dosage: 1-2 ml daily for less than 6 months, 2-4 ml daily for 6 months to 1 year old, 4-6 ml daily for 2-3 years old, 6-9 ml daily for 4-6 years old, 9-12 ml daily for 7-10 years old and 12 ml daily for more than 10 years old. Curative effect: after the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection, the body temperature mostly returned to normal in 2-3 days, the cough gradually reduced, and all recovered and discharged in 3-4 days; for bronchopneumonia, the body temperature mostly returned to normal in 3-4 days, the cough, asthma and pulmonary rales gradually disappeared, and recovered and discharged in 5-6 days. In addition, we can also use yidianhong quancao decoction, 0.5-1 Liang per dose, 2-3 times to treat tonsillitis and laryngitis; or we can use yidianhong quancao Decoction with salt to treat mastitis and furuncle; we can also use yidianhong quancao decoction as a local detergent for vulvar eczema and vaginitis.
Chinese PinYin : Yang Ti Cao
Plumbago. Bai Hua Dan
Chicken fruit. Ji Shu Tiao Guo
Brahma. Fan Tian Hua
Alpinia officinarum. Gao Liang Jiang
Seven leeches. Ma Huang Qi
Burdock root. Niu Bang Gen
Ox hoof. Niu Ti
Zedoary turmeric. Peng E Shu
Snake bone. She Jie Gu
Native ginseng. Tu Ren Can
Lymnaea . Yuan Sang Luo
Stoloniferous herb. Zhuang Jin Cao