(Guizhou herbal medicine)
[synonyms] water herb, lianqiancao (Guangxi Medicinal Plant List), daodiqiao (ACTA Pharmaceutica Sinica 11:748.1965), longan (Guizhou herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole grass or root of tangsongcao, a Ranunculaceae plant.
Plant form: tangsongduncao.
Perennial herbs, 15-40 cm high. The rhizome is short, the fibrous root is slender, and the end is sometimes spindle or oblong tuberous. Stems slender, smooth, glabrous. The basal leaves are 1-3-fold compound, with long stalks and brown membranous stipules at the base; the stem leaves usually have 3 leaflets without stipules; the leaflets are shield shaped, broadly triangular ovate, round or ovate, 2-4 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide, with wavy or obtuse teeth at the edge, round at the base, smooth and glabrous on both sides. Panicle terminal, few branches; petiole 0.5-1 cm long; flowers white, 0.7-1 cm in diameter; sepals 4, ovate: apetalous; stamens many, about 6 mm long; upper part of filaments oblanceolate, lower part filamentous, about 6 mm long; pistils 5-12. Achene oblate fusiform, 4-5 mm long, yellowish brown. Stigma oblique; pedicel ca. 2.5 mm long. The flowering period is June.
It grows in woods, streams, roadside crevices and wet rocks. Distributed in Liaoning, Shandong, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Guangxi, Zhejiang and other places.
[chemical constituents] it contains berberine.
[nature and taste] Guizhou herbal medicine: "bitter, cold. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, clearing heat and detoxifying. Treatment of infantile convulsion, convulsions, thrush, erysipelas swim wind.
① "Chinese medicine Zhi": "whole grass: dispel cold and wind, remove eye fog, eliminate edema. Cure deafness, yellow body. It can also be used as a medicine for invigorating stomach and expelling Ascaris. "
② Gen: treating traumatic injuries. (ACTA Pharma Sinica (12): 7481965)
③ Guizhou herbal medicine: "root: jingre Jiedu, Qufeng, spasmolysis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: grind powder, 5-6 points; or decoct soup. External use: wash the affected area with boiling water.
[prescription selection] ① to treat children's side back pumping (angle arch regurgitation): study the end of rock broom, five to six minutes each time, take it with boiling water.
② Treatment of children with aphthous ulcer: rock broom simmer water, wash mouth.
③ Zhifengdan: rock broom simmer water, wash the affected area. (Guizhou herbal medicine was selected)
Chinese PinYin : Yan Sao Ba
Jinjile. Jin Ji Le
Big tea herb root. Da Cha Yao Gen
Blackhead. Da Hei Tou Cao
Green bristlegrass. Gou Wei Cao
Old yangteng. Gu Yang Teng
Sliding back straw shoes. Hua Bei Cao Xie
Syringa oblata. Mu Ding Xiang
Cephalotaxus fortunei. San Jian Shan
Peppermint. Shan Bao He
Thistle. Xiao Ji
Tulip root. Yu Jin Xiang Gen