(notes on materia medica)
[synonym] jitongcao, bizhucao, bizhucao, bizhucao, qingerhuanhua, bibufo, zhuyecao, erhuancao, didiyou, langucao, danzhuyecai, zhujicao, linhuji, zhuyecai, danzhuye, bichanhua The main contents of this paper are as follows: (1) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Jiangxi Province) (2) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Jiangxi Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine of Sichuan Province) (3) Chinese herbal medicine (Chinese herbal medicine, Bichan snake (Guangzhou army's "manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine"), Bambusa tubulosa, knotweed, duck foot grass, bamboo cutting grass (Jiangxi herbal medicine), orchid grass, wild indigo, indigo blue grass, firefly Cordyceps, duck foot green, hanging orchid green, javanica, blue purple grass, brother Ti grass, bamboo leaf Huoxue Dan (Zhejiang folk commonly used herbal medicine), water weed, water bamboo leaf grass, bamboo leaf cabbage, duck foot grass（《 Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used in Shanghai, Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used in Guangxi, Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used in Shanghai, Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used in Guangxi, cockscomb is commonly used in Jiangsu, and Chinese herbal medicine is commonly used in Fujian.
[source] it is the whole plant of Commelina communis.
[plant morphology] Commelina communis
Annual herbs. The stem is cylindrical, fleshy, 30-60 cm long, the lower stem is creeping, the nodes often take root, the internodes are long, the surface is green or dark purple, with longitudinal fine lines. Leaves alternate, fleshy; ovate lanceolate, 4-8 cm long, 2 cm wide, apex short pointed, entire, base narrowly rounded, membranous sheath, raceme, 3 or 4 flowers, dark blue, inserted in the bracts of the bifurcate peduncle; bracts heart-shaped ovate, about 2 cm long, folded, apex acuminate, entire, base rounded, green; perianth 6, 2-row, green white, small, calyx The first one is white, ovoid lanceolate, with claws at the base, and the second two are dark blue, petal shaped, ovoid, with claws at the base; the stamens are 6, the last three degenerate, and the first three develop; the pistils are 1, stigma capitate. Capsule elliptic, compressed, dehiscent at maturity. The seeds are triangular, semicircular, dark brown, wrinkled and densed, 2-3 mm long. It blooms in summer.
In the fields. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
Commelina communis used in Tibet is the whole plant of Commelina bracteata.
[collection] harvest from June to July and dry in the sun.
[chemical constituents] the petals contain flavonoid glycosides from Commelina communis, a yellow pigment. Commelina communis var Commelinacommunisvar.hortensis The petals of p-coumaroyl delphinidin-a blue anthocyanin containing magnesium may be composed of four molecules of p-coumaroyl delphinidin surrounded by a magnesium atom. Delphinidin is a kind of delphinidin-3,5-diglucoside.
[pharmacological action] water extracts or decoctions from stems and leaves of the same plant can excite uterus, contract blood vessels, and shorten coagulation time.
[processing] remove impurities, wash, cut off and dry.
Sweet and cold.
① "Materia medica collection": "bitter, cold, non-toxic. "
② "Diannan Materia Medica": "it is slightly cold in nature and sweet in taste. "
[Guijing] Quanzhou materia medica: "into the heart, liver, spleen, kidney, intestines and intestines. "
Functions and indications: water circulation, heat clearing, blood cooling and detoxification. Treatment of edema, beriberi, adverse urination, cold, erysipelas, mumps, jaundice, hepatitis, dysentery, malaria, epistaxis, hematuria, HAEMORRHEA, leucorrhea, sore throat, carbuncle.
① Materia medica notes: "it mainly deals with cold, heat, malaria, phlegm, Dingzhong, shibuyi, erysipelas, fever, epilepsy, abdominal fullness, emphysema, dysentery, snake and dog bites, carbuncle and gangrene, etc. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "when the Commelina communis and adzuki bean are boiled, the dampness in the water is blocked and the urination is facilitated. "
③ "Diannan Materia Medica": "Nourish Qi and blood, treat women's leucorrhea, red collapse, generate new blood, stop urine blood, epistaxis blood, blood drenching. "
④ The essence of pinhui: "remove heat toxin, eliminate carbuncle and gangrene. "
⑤ Compendium: "eliminate throat obstruction. "
⑥ Materia medica recommendation: "it is used in large quantities for the treatment of schistosomiasis. Also used for acute infectious fever, fever, dizziness, heart failure. "
⑦ It can clear away heat, diuresis and moisten lung. Treatment of traumatic injury, muscle pain, urine dripping pain. "
⑧ "Treatment of cardiac edema, beriberi edema, nephritis edema, urinary tract infection and stones" in Guangzhou army's "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual". "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan (2-3 Liang fresh, 5-7 Liang large dose): or mash juice. External use: tamping or juice point throat.
[taboo] Quanzhou materia medica: "for those with weak spleen and stomach, the dosage should be less. "
[prescription selection] 1. It can't cure urination: one or two pieces of bamboo chicken grass and one or two pieces of plantain grass. Mash the juice, add a little honey and take it hollow. (Linhu jijianfang)
② Cure five drench, pee tingle: fresh Commelina communis branch end tender leaf four Liang. Mash, add a cup of boiling water, stir juice and honey, three times a day. If the body is weak, the dosage should be reduced. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Treatment of red and white diarrhea: blue grass, decoction, daily service. (Complete Book of living children)
④ Treatment of icteric hepatitis: four taels of Commelina communis and two taels of lean pork. Stew in water, take soup and meat, one dose a day. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of high blood pressure: Commelina one or two, broad bean spend three money. Fried in water and served as tea. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of edema, ascites: fresh Commelina two to three Liang. Take it in boiling water for several days. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑦ Treatment of hematemesis: bamboo leaf vegetable mashed juice oral. (Guiyang folk herbs)
⑧ For the treatment of sand, nose bleeding and epistaxis from time to time; for the treatment of lotus root, decoction was taken three times. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
⑨ Treatment of sore throat: a little of Commelina communis juice. (Pocket recipe) two Commelina communis two Liang. Wash and pound the juice, and take it frequently. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
⑩ Treatment of erysipelas in children, heat dysentery and antipyretic use of acute fever: fresh Commelina two to three Liang (dry one or two), severe can be used five to seven Liang. Fried or mashed. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
(11) treatment of joint swelling and pain, carbuncle swelling and poison, sores and abscesses: mash fresh Commelina communis, add a little Shaojiu, apply to the affected area, change it every day. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
(12) treatment of acute schistosomiasis: fresh Commelina communis, wash, five to eight Liang a day, decoction instead of tea, five to seven days as a course of treatment. (selected works on infectious diseases)
⒀ treatment of finger snake head: fresh Commelina communis, Taiwan realgar mashed, applied to the affected area, one change a day. At the beginning can disappear, has been suppurated, can back pain. (Quanzhou materia medica)
[clinical application] 1
Take 1-2 taels of Commelina communis (2-4 taels of fresh grass) and decoct them twice. 130 cases were treated, 109 cases were effective (body temperature dropped to normal within 1-3 days), 21 cases were ineffective (fever subsided more than 4 days). For prevention, take orally tablets (each tablet contains 10.3 g of dried crude medicine), 3 times a day, 2 tablets each time; or take orally a bag of granules (including 2 liang of hay) with boiling water, or take orally decoction. They were taken for 4 days. Results none of the 290 patients got sick, while 23 of the 371 patients in the control group got sick.
② Treatment of mumps complicated with meningoencephalitis
Take 2 taels of Commelina communis everyday and fry them. The average time of fever abatement and parotid gland detumescence was 2.8 days, headache disappeared for 1.4 days, vomiting stopped for 1.2 days, and the average hospitalization time was 4.6 days.
③ Treatment of granuloma
The 1 stems (or 1 segments) of the fresh duck's ground stem were washed and held on the alcohol lamp for 45 degrees, and the upper part of the stem was burned on the alcohol lamp. That is, the bubbles in the lower section were boiling out, and then the boiling liquid was dripped on the conjunctiva and eyelid margin of the face. The conjunctival sac was washed with normal saline before dropping. The patient felt comfortable after application of the drug, and did not need washing or any other treatment. A total of 61 cases were treated, 49 cases were cured and 7 cases were improved. Some took effect on the first day and recovered on the second day.
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