[synonyms] huangjinshi (Ben Jing), Shihuang (Tang Ben Cao), tianyangshi (Shi Yao Er Ya), Huangshi (pin Hui Jing Yao), JIGUANSHI (Shi Ya).
[source] the ore is realgar, a sulfide mineral.
Monoclinic system. The crystal is columnar with longitudinal stripes on the crystal surface, and most of them are dense block or granular aggregate. The color is orange red and a few are dark red. The stripes are light orange. The crystal surface is emerald luster, and the cross section is resin luster. Translucent. The cleavage is complete. The fracture is conchoidal. The hardness is 1.5-2.0. The specific gravity is 3.4-3.6. It's brittle. Under the action of light, for a long time, it becomes orange powder. It occurs in low-temperature hydrothermal veins, and also exists near hot springs and volcanoes. It is often associated with realgar and stibnite.
[collection] realgar is as soft as mud in the mine, and becomes hard when exposed to air. Generally, the mature part of realgar is removed with a bamboo knife to remove impurities.
[herbal medicine] is irregular ridge shaped, with different sizes. All of them are dark red or orange red, and the surface is often covered with orange yellow powder. Weight, loose and fragile, rough section, red, bright. Slightly peculiar odor. Among them, those with bright color, translucency and luster are often called "Ming Xiong", "androgen" or "waist yellow". It is better to have red color, big block, loose quality and no stone. It is insoluble in water and hydrochloric acid, soluble in nitric acid and yellow in solution, and brown in sodium hydroxide solution. When burned, it is easy to melt into a red purple liquid with yellow white smoke and strong garlic odor; when cooled, the melt condenses into a red purple solid, and the pure one condenses into an orange red solid.
Produced in Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan and other places.
The characters of female and realgar are similar, but the female is yellow, while the male is red or orange, which can be distinguished.
[chemical composition] it is mainly arsenic sulfide, and contains a small amount of other heavy metal salts.
[pharmacological action] 1
Realgar water extract (1:2) has different degrees of inhibition on a variety of skin fungi in vitro. The results showed that the concentration of 1 / 100 could inhibit the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and smegmatis. The mixture of Acorus calamus, Artemisia argyi and realgar fumigated for more than 2-4 hours had bactericidal effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
② Anti schistosomiasis effect
The mice infected with Schistosoma japonicum cercariae were given 0.2ml/20g realgar, areca nut, ferula and cinnamon mixture 3 days before infection. After 12 days, the adult worm reduction rate was 75.27%, the worm free rate was 14.29%, and the female worm free rate was 42.86%.
To grind into a very fine powder. Residual water flying, dry.
"Compendium": "(realgar) with rice vinegar into radish juice boiled dry with good. "
It's hard, warm and poisonous.
① Ben Jing: "bitter taste, calm cold. "
② Bielu: "sweet, warm, poisonous. "
③ "On medicinal properties": "taste is pungent. It's poisonous. "
④ Rihuazi materia medica: "slight toxicity. "
[channel tropism] entering the heart, liver and stomach channels.
① In the compendium of Medical Sciences, "Qi points into the liver meridian. "
② Ben Cao Jing Shu: "enter the foot Yang Ming Jing. "
③ "Re innovation of Materia Medica": entering the heart and liver meridians. "
Functions and indications: dryness and dampness, dispelling wind, killing insects and detoxification. For scabies, alopecia, carbuncle, chancre, snake pill, tetanus, snakeworm and crab wound, bromhidrosis, sore, asthma, laryngopathy, convulsion, hemorrhoids and fistula.
① Ben Jing: "it can control cold and heat, rat fistula, ulcers, gangrene, hemorrhoids, dead muscles, and kill baichongdu. "
② Bielu: "treatment of scabies, hidden sores, eye pain, nasal polyps and broken bones.". In the hundred festivals, strong wind, accumulation, habit of Qi, evil abdominal pain, killing all cobra venom, detoxifying Veratrum venom. "
③ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "cure scabies, wind evil, epilepsy, haze miasma, all snake, insect, dog and animal bites. "
④ Wang Haogu: "search liver qi, catharsis liver wind, eliminate saliva accumulation. "
⑤ The compendium of Medical Sciences: "it can cure the cold and heat of malaria, relieve dysentery in summer, become addicted to drinking alcohol, convulse epilepsy, dizziness, change the blood stasis in the abdomen, and kill the overworked insects. "
⑥ "Ben Cao Zheng": "it can treat carbuncle, gangrene, carrion, rat flaccidity, gangrene, hemorrhoids and other poisons. "
[usage and dosage] external use: grind and sprinkle, adjust and apply, or burn and smoke. Oral administration: into the pill, powder, 1-4 points.
[should avoid] Yin deficiency and blood deficiency and pregnant women should not take it.
Bencao tongxuan: "it's forbidden to use because of blood deficiency. "
[selection] 1. Treatment of scabies: one or two realgar, two Coptis chinensis, three or two pine resin, hair gray as a pellet. Siwu Rongzhu ointment is mixed with pine resin and hot tamped to thin the wound. (behind the elbow)
② Treatment of tinea: realgar powder, big vinegar and. First, wipe it with a new cloth, then apply it to the skin. (qianjinyifang)
③ Cure all over the body insect scabies: realgar, Cnidium each equally divided, all research fine, mercury halved. Mix lard and mash well, add mercury and grind again, taking the absence of stars as the degree. Wash with soup and apply medicine in the morning and evening. (Jiang Yuefeng's family recipe)
④ Treatment of alopecia: realgar, pig bile. He Fu it. (Sheng Ji Zong Lu)
⑤ Treatment of carbuncle, gangrene, rotten and various sores: realgar, five coins, talc times. On for the end, after washing mixed sore, external use Mianzi cover phase protection. For those who are tattered after washing, use this paste. (shengroushenyi ointment in Shiyi daoxiao prescription)
⑥ Treatment of mouth pain: realgar one money, Evodia one or two. For the end, sesame oil boiled and mixed. (Xiong Wu San in experience Collection)
⑦ Treatment of emphysema: Acupuncture at four sides and center, apply realgar powder. (Qian Jin Fang)
⑧ To cure Ma Ya Fu, rotten and bleeding: seven big realgar beans. Each to huaizao nuclear package, string of iron wire in the lamp burning for the end. Each with a little mixed, to salivate, to the more degree. (Quan You Xin Jian)
⑨ Snake wound treatment: realgar for the end, vinegar tune Xu, still with wine. It can be used for snakebite, bee fly, centipede, poisonous insect and dog. (Shi Yi De Xiao Fang)
⑩ Treatment of tetanus: realgar one money, Fangfeng two money, Aconitum kusnezoffii one money. On the end of the fine, each service - word, warm wine tune. The more harmony you have, the more discord you have. (realgar powder published in Su Tong Bing Ji Bao Ming Ji)
(11) treatment of snake bite: realgar one or two, raw wulingzhi one or two. Take one bag every two hours, four to eight times a day, bring down boiling water, take another two realgar, grind the fine powder, mix well with one or two sesame oil, apply it to the affected area, and change it 2 to 3 times a day. (Shandong Medical Journal (4): 231963)
(12) treatment of Bromhidrosis: realgar, gypsum each half Jin, alum a Jin. Grind the gypsum into powder, calcine it into white in the pot, grind realgar and alum, sift them, mix them well, and keep them sealed. Do not apply to the armpit once a day. Apply to the armpit until it is wet. (selected works of the exhibition - skin diseases)
Long time treatment of acne: realgar two money. Tangerine peel is five yuan. The green cloth is rolled to make big twists and burned to smoke. (health zaxing)
(14) treatment of Bayberry sores: realgar for one and a half yuan, almonds for thirty grains (peeled), light powder for one yuan. For the end, wash, to the male pig bile tune up. (Jide hall experience prescription)
Treatment of red nose: realgar Wuqian (with transparent block, no stone, red is better), sulfur Wuqian, Chen Shuifen (real). Grind the fine powder together, and apply it with milk. (the wonderful recipe for life)
(16) cure leprosy: one or two true lacquer (add five bucks of crab roe, mix well, bask in the sun, and gradually remove the water on the surface), five bucks of Ming realgar and five bucks of tooth soap. And even for the pill, not visible day, Yin dry. Three points for each serving, under the wine. (Xiongqi pill in Yangyi Daquan)
It can be used to treat fox perplexity caused by typhoid fever. The lower part of the body is eroded by poison. The anus is concealed, and the pain and itching are not stopped. Realgar is half Liang. First, use a bottle. If the mouth is a little big, put the dust on it. If it is filled with incense, burn the realgar and wait for the smoke to come out. Then smoke it with the mouth of the bottle. (Sheng Hui Fang)
(18) it is difficult to get the Decoction: realgar or two, Croton or 14, Curcuma. For the end, vinegar paste pills such as mung bean big. Tea clear under seven pills, spit out stubborn phlegm is su. If the mouth is quiet, it should be irrigated with materials. (realgar detoxification pill in Danxi Xinfa)
(19) treatment of infantile epilepsy: realgar, cinnabar, etc. At the end of the day, every time I withdraw money, my heart goes into hydrocarbon water regulation. (ren Zhai Zhi Zhi Fang)
In the treatment of epileptic stroke, the more frequent it is, the more frequent it is: realgar (flying over the water), Danxing (studying carefully), Juma (internal affairs), etc. Research evenly, rice paste for the ball, such as mung bean big. Every morning and after dinner take a money, white soup. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
(21) treatment of migraine: realgar, asarum, etc. The research order is detailed. Each word has been used, the left side of the pain into the right nose, the right side of the pain into the left nose. (from Boji Fang to Lingsan)
(22) treatment of abdominal fullness: realgar one or two, alum one or two. For the end, paste transfer paste spread. (jixuanfang)
(23) treatment of hemorrhoids and bowel Red: realgar one money five points, gallnut one or two, alum two money. At the end of the study, the black plum meat was used as a pill. Take one money each time, empty white soup next. (Yi Jian Yi Fang)
(24) treatment of cold flaccidity in the past few years, yellow water without jaundice: realgar half Liang (careful research), clear oil three Liang, random hair half Liang, sulfur half Liang (careful research), yellow wax half Liang. First, fry in oil to make it scorched. Remove the dross. Then add realgar, sulfur and yellow wax. Boil over low heat to make paste. Spread it on silk. (realgar cream of Shenghui prescription)
(25) treatment of Brucella dysentery sequelae: realgar one or two, garlic sixty petals. Grind realgar and mash garlic to make 60 pills, one pill each time, three times a day. Twenty days is a course of treatment. (selected works on infectious diseases)
[clinical application] ① treatment of chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma
Take 500 grams of Ming realgar and 1000 pills of white paste. Take 1 pill for adults, 1 / 2 pill for 10-15 years old, 1 / 3 pill for 5-9 years old, 1 / 4 pill for 2-4 years old, three times a day,
Chinese PinYin : Xiong Huang
Spicy root. Gen La
Bustard meat. Bao Rou
Eupatorium odoratum. Ding Xiang Gen
Mopan grass seed. Mo Pan Cao Zi
Celastrus orbiculatus root. Nan She Teng Gen
Artemisia rupestris in Qizhou. Qi Zhou Yi Zhi Hao
opium. Ya Pian
Gymnorrhiza. Yan Dou Teng Hua
Semen typhonii. Yang Hai Zi
Needle sand. Zhen Sha
Pig kidney. Zhu Shen