(food materia medica by Yao Kecheng)
[synonyms] shark and snake (Erya), blowing sand (Linhai foreign body records), shagouyu, Shalei, diaolangyu (compendium), Shazhu (yilinzhuanyao), Guangyu and youguangyu (fish investigation report of Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea).
[source] it is the meat of Crocodilidae.
[animal morphology] crocodile goby
The body is long, slightly cylindrical in front and flat in back. Body length about 10 cm; head large and long, head height slightly lower than body height. The snout is long, blunt and rounded at the front end, with a protuberance in the middle. The size of the eye is equal to that of the eye, showing dorsal position. The interocular space is narrow and slightly concave. The mouth is large and slightly oblique. The mandible is slightly shorter, and the posterior end of the maxilla ends below the anterior margin or later. Thick lips. The tongue is wide and the front end is truncated. The teeth are sharp and cone-shaped, and the upper and lower jaw are arranged in a narrow band. The branchial foramen extend forward and downward to the base of pectoral fin; the isthmus is wide. The gill rakes are short and thick. Most of the body is covered with Chlamys scales, the neck and chest are covered with small round scales, and the head is not covered with scales except the posterior head, upper cheek and upper gill cap. The lateral scales are 46-50 in length and 17 in transverse. Dorsal fin 2, Ⅷ, 14; the first dorsal fin is lower, the fin spine is thin and weak, when it is flat, it does not reach the starting point of the second dorsal fin. The second dorsal fin is higher, and the posterior fin can reach the accessory fin at the base of the caudal fin when it is laid flat. The gluteal fin is 12-13, which starts below the fourth fin of the second dorsal fin and is about the same height as the first dorsal fin. The tip of pectoral fin is 19-21 round, about as long as the ventral fin. Pelvic fin I 15. The posterior margin of caudal fin is pointed and round. The upper part of the body is gray brown and the lower part is light. There were 5-6 dark spots on the side of the body. The color of the snout is deep, and there are dark stripes on the cheek. The dorsal fin has dark spots arranged in 3-5 oblique longitudinal lines, and the caudal fin has 7-10 wavy transverse lines.
It lives along the coast and in rivers. Most of them live in the lower layer of water. To shrimp, fish and other food. It is distributed all over the coast of China, especially in the south.
[flavor] sweet and salty, flat.
① "Gangmu": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
② Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "it tastes sweet, warm and nontoxic. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, salty, flat. "
"Into the spleen and stomach. "
[functions and indications] ① in the compendium of Medical Sciences: "warming the middle and benefiting qi. "
② Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "the main way of food is to strengthen Yang, strengthen muscles and bones, promote blood circulation, and eliminate grain and meat. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "benefit small water, pass drenching. "
[taboo] Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "eat more phlegm to help fire. "
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