(notes on materia medica)
[synonyms] Xing and yesang (Erya), Yefa (GuoPu's note on Erya), Tianshui (excellent recipe), bajiaoer (compendium).
[source] it is the whole insect of Cerambycidae, such as Cerambycidae, Cerambycidae and other related insects.
[animal morphology] 1. Anoplophora glabripennis
The body is long and narrow, the female is broad, black, sometimes slightly metallic, 19-39 mm long and 6-13.5 mm wide. The head is short. The compound eyes are located on both sides of the forehead. The antennae are 11, and the peduncle is closed. The antennae of female exceed 1-2 knots, and that of male exceed 4-5 knots. Antennae from the 3rd segment, each segment base has light blue hair ring. There are three tumor like processes in the anterior sternum and the lateral spinous processes are stout. Scutellum usually with indistinct gray hairs, sometimes white, sometimes mixed with blue. Wings developed, Coleoptera with small white spots, usually about 20 per wing, arranged in 5 irregular rows; Coleoptera base with many particles of different sizes, rough cut points under the shoulder. Three pairs. The ventral surface of the body is covered with silver gray and some blue gray hairs. The larva is oblong cylindrical, yellowish white; the head is oblong, yellowish brown; the thorax has 3 segments, and there is a pair of spiracles in the middle and back thorax. There are 10 abdominal segments and 1 pair of valves in the first 8 segments. There is a pair of spiny protuberances in the tail. It usually happens once a year. The larva overwinters in the tree trunk and pupates in April next year; the adult begins to move in the middle and late May.
It is very harmful to citrus, apple, pear, mulberry, willow, poplar and other trees. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
② Apriona germari
The body is long, black, densely covered with short yellowish brown hairs, varying in depth. The female antennae are slightly longer than the body, and the male antennae are 2-3 knots longer than the body. The end scar of antennal peduncle segment is open, from the 3rd segment, about 1 / 3 of base of each segment is gray white. There are 2-3 lines of protrusion on the head along the eye margin. There are irregular transverse creases or transverse ridges between the anterior and posterior transverse sulcus of the anterior sternal plate, and black bright protrusions on both sides of the posterior center, the base of the lateral spinous process and the lateral part of the anterior chest. The base of the Coleoptera is densely covered with black and bright nodular particles, and the inner and outer corners of the wing end are spiny and protruding. The larva is milky white, with dense reddish brown granular dots on the posterior part of the hard skin plate of the front chest, including three pairs of white pointed leaf markings. This insect has a generation every year in the south, and may have a generation every two or three years in the north. It pupates in early June and emerges in early July.
It is also harmful to mulberry, willow, orange, apple, fig, pear, loquat and other trees. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Taiwan, Jiangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hebei, Liaoning and other places.
The larvae of the above two insects (Dendroctonus mori) are also used for medicine.
[nature and taste] 1. Compendium: "poisonous. "
② "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "Gan, Wen, Xiao Du. "
[functions and indications] Compendium: "it can treat malaria, cold and heat, children's acute convulsion and swelling. Arrow into the flesh, to moles dimple. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: pills and powder. External use: grind and apply.
[prescription selection] to treat swelling and maliciousness: four star anise (dried in the shade and shelled on willow), half toad venom, one Croton kernel, a little powder, realgar and musk. First, grind the star anise like mud, add a little melted yellow wax, and mix it with other herbs to make a paste. Every time the head of the sore is punctured to stop bleeding, use elm stick to send plaster and wheat grain into the sore, and use two bird excrement to put the sore. The sore will stop when it comes back, and there is no need to use it again. Avoid cold water. (Gangmu Tougu ointment)
Chinese PinYin : Tian Niu
Gallnut worm. Wu Bei Zi Nei Chong
He Meng. He Meng
Ginkgo biloba. Bai Guo
Dilixiao. Di Pi Xiao
Brahma. Fan Tian Hua
Lantana camara. Ma Ying Hua
Puzhou black bean sauce. Pu Zhou Chi
Sapium sebiferum root. Shan Wu Jiu Gen
Melon skin. Tian Gua Pi
Stephania capitata (baiyaozi). Tou Hua Qian Jin Teng Bai Yao Zi
Little twist. Xiao Di Niu
Pearl umbrella. Zhen Zhu San