(commonly used folk herbs in Guangxi)
[synonym] Momordica charantia, tuber tuber, Momordica charantia head (Guangxi medical plant directory), wild morning glory (Guangxi Folk commonly used herbs).
[source] it is the root or leaf of Hedysarum in the family Convolvulaceae.
[plant morphology] seven clawed Dragon
Vines perennial. The roots are stout and nearly fleshy. The leaf blade outline is round or reniform, 7-15 cm wide, 5-7-deeply digitate, the gap is narrow and the base is rounded, and the lobes are usually lanceolate. Cyme axillary, petiole and petiole equal or longer, flowers 3-5 or more; sepals broad ovate, blunt head, 1 cm long; corolla pink or red purple, broad campanulate, base with a short tube, 5-6 cm long; stamens 5, included; ovary superior, style connate, capsule ovate, 1 cm long, 4-locular, 4-valved; seeds long woolly. The flowering period is summer and autumn.
Born in the mountains, shrubs, roadsides and other places. It is distributed in Guangdong and Guangxi.
[collection] all year round. The roots are washed, sliced and dried; the leaves are fresh.
[pharmacological action] the ether soluble component isolated from tuber has antihypertensive effect on anesthetized dogs, which may be caused by direct inhibition of myocardium and vasodilation; it also has inhibitory effect on rabbit small intestine and rat uterus. The part insoluble in ether but soluble in alcohol can stimulate respiration and raise hypertension. The pressor effect is mainly peripheral, but it also involves in central mechanism. It can also excite isolated and in situ rabbit small intestine and uterus, relax bronchial smooth muscle (isolated guinea pig lung perfusion).
[nature and taste] Guangxi Folk commonly used herbs: "bitter, cold, toxic. "
[functions and indications] ① in the list of Guangxi medicinal plants, it is said that "it can replenish blood and clear away heat and toxin. It's a cure for sores. "
② In Guangxi Folk commonly used herbal medicine, it is said that "purging the water of viscera. Treatment of edema, abdominal distension, all swelling and toxin, rash. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 yuan. External use: tamping.
[taboo] Guangxi Folk commonly used herbs: "pregnant women and people with deficiency should not take it. "
[selection] 1. To treat edema and abdominal distension: one or two root of Phytolacca acinosa and two or two pots of lean pork. (commonly used folk herbal medicine in Guangxi) the root of Phytolacca esculenta is made of three kinds of money, which can be extracted by one or two kilos, and then fried in water. (Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of sores, carbuncle, breast sores and scrofula: tengshanglu root, leaf amount, a little lees. Mash, wrap with banana leaves, simmer, apply to affected area, change dressing once a day. (commonly used folk herbs in Guangxi)
Chinese PinYin : Teng Shang Lu
Pinus tabulaeformis. Gan Song
Lingdangzi. Ling Dang Zi
Wheat bran grass. Mai Fu Cao
Bovine liver. Niu Gan
Amomum villosum. Tu Sha Ren
Mullet eggs. Wu Yu Dan
Wu Bing Shu Shi. Wu Huan Shu Shi
Asarum. Xi Xin
Little twist. Xiao Di Niu
Spiraea leaf. Xiu Xian Ju Ye
Yangque flower. Yang Que Hua
Medicago sativa L. Ye Mu Xu