(materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
[synonyms] zibeitiankui (Lei Gong Paozhi Lun), leiwancao (waidan materia medica), xiawutrace (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), xiaowutou (botanical Dictionary), laoshicao (Jiangsu Zhi Yao Zhi), hantongqiancao (Hunan Yao Zhi).
[source] it is the whole plant of Ranunculaceae.
[plant morphology] anemone
Perennial herbs, 15-40 cm high. The root is gray black, slightly spindle or oval. Stems tufted, slender, erect, branched, with white pubescence on the surface. The root leaves are tufted with long stalks; one turn and three leaves are compound, the leaflets are broad cuneate, and then 3-lobed, the lobes are round at the apex, or there are 2-3 small notches, green above and purple below, smooth and glabrous; the petioles are short and villous; the stem leaves are similar to the root leaves, but gradually smaller from bottom to top. The flower is solitary, leaf axil, petiole elongated after fruit, with 2 bracts in the middle; the flower is small and white; sepals 5, petaloid, ovate; petals 5, cuneate, slightly shorter than sepals; stamens usually 10, with 2 incompletely developed; pistils 3-4, ovary narrow and long, style short, involute outward. Follicles 3-4, podlike, dehiscent at maturity. The seeds are small and obovate. The flowering period is from March to April. The fruit ripens in May to June.
Born in the forest, stone gap, grass and other wet places. It is distributed in southwest, East and northeast of China.
The tuberous root (Begonia chinensis) and seed (millennial mouse excrement seed) of this plant are also used for medicine. See special regulations for details.
[nature and taste] commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai: "sweet, cold. "
[function indications] detumescence; detoxification, diuresis. The treatment of scrofula, hernia, urine adverse.
Common Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai: "clearing heat, detoxifying, diuretic. It is used to treat urinary tract stones. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] 1. For the treatment of scrofula: one hundred and twenty-five yuan for purple backed Tian Kui, one or two yuan for seaweed, kelp, kunbu, Fritillaria, Platycodon grandiflorum, and five yuan for cuttlebone. It is fine, and the wine paste is large, such as Wutong. Take 70 pills each time, warm wine after eating. (Tiankui pill in Gujin Yijian).
② Treatment of hernia at the beginning, cold and heat, pain, want to become a cyst carbuncle: litchi nuclear 14, fennel two money, purple back day sunflower four Liang. Steamed Baijiu two, frequency clothing. (experience)
③ Treatment of snakebite: Tiankui is chewed, applied to the wound, and the medicine is dried before changing. (Hunan medical records)
④ Cure contract yin disease: day sunflower five money, boiled egg food. (Hunan medical records)
Chinese PinYin : Tian Kui
Haijinsha root. Hai Jin Sha Gen
Ampelopsis japonica. Bai Lian
leaf mustard. Jie Cai
Mangxiao. Mang Xiao
Sparrow brain. Que Nao
Water lily. Rao Hua
Snake eye grass. She Yan Cao
Water snake skin. Shui She Pi
Wire seven. Tie Si Qi
Tongguangsan. Tong Guang San
Cymbidium heterophyllum. Yi Ye Qing Lan
Clematis japonica. Yin Xian Cao