[synonyms] shapuzi (baicaojing), Wuji (yangchunya empirical formula), suluozi (collection of medicinal materials), pistachio (records of Jiangsu Plant Medicine), soruo (records of Shaanxi traditional Chinese Medicine), and suosuozi (records of Shaanxi traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the fruit or seed of Aesculus chinensis or Castanea mollissima.
[plant morphology] 1. Aesculus chinensis (liuqingrizha), also known as saposha (liuqingrizha).
Deciduous tree, up to 20 meters high, broad crown. Petioles 5-16 cm long; leaflets 5-7, oblong or ovate lanceolate, 8-18 cm long and 2-6.5 cm wide, apex narrow, base cuneate, margin serrate, glabrous above, sparsely villous or glabrous below, petioles sparsely villous. Panicle terminal, spiriform, 18-28 cm long; total pedicel 6-10 cm long, pedicel sparsely villous; male flowers and bisexual flowers in the same plant and dense: flowers small, white, 1.2 cm long; calyx tubular, irregularly 5-lobed, outer pubescent; petals 4, elliptic, upper 2 petals narrower than the lower 2 petals; stamens 6-8; ovary of bisexual flowers superior, villous, capsule close to the ball The seed is spherical in shape, 2.5-4 cm in diameter. The hilum is wide, accounting for about 1 / 2 of the bottom. The flowering period is from May to July. The fruit period is from August to September.
Wild or cultivated, distributed in Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Shanxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other places.
② Tianshi chestnut (Yibu Fang Wu Lue Ji), also known as monkey chestnut, acanthopanax senticosus.
Deciduous trees, up to 25 m high. Petioles 5-7, obovate oblong or ovate lanceolate, 10-20 cm long and 3-8.5 cm wide, apex narrowly pointed, base broadly cuneate or suborbicular, margin serrate, upper main vein sparsely villous, lower part densely villous, petioles pubescent. Panicle terminal, 35 cm long; total pedicel 10 cm long, pedicel covered with pubescence; male flowers and bisexual flowers of the same plant and sparse; flowers white, 1-1.5 cm long; calyx tubular, irregular 5-lobed, lobes suborbicular, outside dense pubescence; petals 4, elliptic, upper 2 petals narrow and long, outside and edge dense pubescence; stamens 6-8; ovary of bisexual flowers superior, It's oval. The capsule is ovoid or obovate, the top is protruding and pointed, and the appearance is densely covered with yellowish brown spots. Seeds 1-2, globose, hilum about 1 / 3 of the bottom. The flowering period is from May to July. The fruit period is from July to September.
Wild or cultivated. It is distributed in Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Shaanxi and other places.
[collection] after frost fall, the fruit is picked, dried by slow fire after 7-10 days of sun drying. Before drying, the needle is used to prick holes on the peel to prevent blasting and easy to dry. There are also direct sun drying or peel off the fruit skin to dry.
[medicinal materials] ① the dried fruits of Aesculus chinensis are slightly spherical in shape, 2.5-4 cm in diameter and 6-8 cm in a few. The top is flat or slightly protruding, the base has fruit stalk marks, the surface of the peel is brown, rough, densely covered with yellowish brown spots, with three longitudinal grooves, forming a three petal shape. The peel is often removed from the fruit. The seed is spherical or irregular oblate, hard, chestnut brown on the surface, not very flat, the hilum at the upper end is yellowish brown, accounting for about 1 / 2 of the seed, the base is concave, there is a slightly protruding ridge extending to the hilum along one side; the section is white or light yellowish white, the cotyledons are thick and powdery. The smell of pericarp and seed coat is weak, but that of cotyledon is very bitter. It is better to be even, full and yellow white in cross section.
It is mainly produced in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Henan and other places.
② The dry fruit of Tianshi chestnut is similar to that of the previous species. The main differences are: the fruit is ovoid or obovate, 3-5 cm long, 2.5-4 cm in diameter, and the top is protruding and sharp. The navel of the seed accounts for about 1 / 9 of the seed, the cross section is mostly light oak, and the quality is inferior to the former.
It is mainly produced in Shaanxi. In addition, it is also produced in Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei and other places.
[chemical composition] the seed of Aesculus chinensis contains 31.8% fatty oil, 36% starch, 14.7% fiber and 1.1% crude protein. The main fatty oil is glyceride of oleic acid and stearic acid.
The seeds of the same genus Aesculus japonicus are divided into three parts: jasminol C, aesculin, aesculin and 16 deoxyjasminol C.
[processing] remove impurities, remove the shell, wash, dry, and mash when used.
[nature and taste] Compendium: "sweet, warm, non-toxic. "
[Guijing] Bencao Zaixin: "entering the spleen and lung meridians. "
[function indications] Kuanzhong, regulating qi, killing insects. Treatment of stomach cold pain, abdominal distention, malnutrition, dysentery.
① "Yi Bu Fang Wu Lue Ji": long food has been wind contracture. "
② Tongya: "can lower Qi. "
③ According to the compendium of compendium, GE Zuyi's prescription can cure heart and stomach cold pain and insect pain. It can be used to treat epigastric distention of the liver diaphragm, malnutrition, malaria, vomiting, and fatigue. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan; or burning, storage and grinding.
[taboo] "in the annals of traditional Chinese medicine of Shaanxi Province," it is forbidden to use for Qi deficiency and yin deficiency. "
[prescription selection] ① for stomach pain: remove the shell of a piece of Sasa seed, mash it and fry it. It can make the worm come out from the stool, and take it three times. (hundred grass mirror)
② Nine kinds of heartache: burning ash of Sasa seed and taking wine. (Yang Chunya's experience prescription)
Chinese PinYin : Suo Luo Zi
Forsythia leaves. Jia Lian Qiao Ye
Fasha vine. Fa Sha Teng
Butterfly root. Hua Hu Die Gen
Grubs. Qi Cao
Chrysanthemum morifolium. Shan Bai Ju
Dendrobium. Shi Hu
Poplar bark. Shui Yang Mu Bai Pi
Pyrrosia adnascens . Tie Sheng Shi Wei
asparagus fern. Wen Zhu
Yantuo. Yan Tuo
Sheep gall. Yang Dan
Pinellia pedatissima. Zhang Ye Ban Xia