(food materia medica by Yao Kecheng)
Wuniuzi, a synonym for wuniuzi.
[source] it is the seed of Luffa (Cucurbitaceae) or Luffa (yueluffa). The plant morphology is detailed in Luffa.
[collection] when the fruits are ripe in autumn, the seeds are collected and dried at the same time.
[medicinal material] the dried seeds are oblong, 1.2 cm long, 7 mm wide and 2 mm thick. The seed coat is gray to black with narrow wings on the edge, a ridge on one end and a pair of forked protuberances on the top. The seed coat is a little hard, and there is a membranous gray green inner seed coat outside the cotyledons. Cotyledons 2, yellow white. The taste is bitter.
They are found in most parts of the country.
[chemical constituents] Luffa seed contains 23.5-38.9% fatty oil, mainly linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, glyceride of oleic acid, phospholipid 0.47%, squalene, α - spinasterol, etc. It also contains triterpenoid saponins (oleanolic acid is the aglycone), melanin (catechol is produced after alkali fusion and oxidation), cucurbitacin B, and other proteins and sugars.
[nature and taste] Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "bitter: cold and poisonous. Sweet: non toxic. "
[function indications] diuretic, antipyretic. Treatment of limb surface edema, stone drenching, intestinal wind, hemorrhoids and fistula.
① Yao Kecheng's "food Materia Medica": "bitter: the main water, face and limbs swollen, water, people vomit. Sweet: in addition to vexation and thirst, treatment of heart heat, diuresis, regulating heart and lung, treatment of stone drenching, vomiting Ascaris. "
② "Yilin Zhuanyao": "treatment of intestinal wind, hemorrhoids, fistula, metrorrhagia, hypogalactia. "
③ "Nanning medicine annals": "defecate. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 1-2 yuan; or stir fry and grind the powder. External use: grind and apply.
(1) Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "if you suffer from beriberi, distension and cold air, the disease of people eating will increase. "
② "To match the materia medica": "spleen deficiency is forbidden. "
③ "Drug records of Nanning city": "pregnant women should not use it. "
[optional formula] the treatment of lumbago is more than just: stir fried sponge gourd seed kernel, take it with wine and apply it with dregs. (supplement to the good prescription)
[clinical application] it is used to drive Ascaris
Take the kernel of black silk melon seeds (white invalid), chew it on an empty stomach, or mash it into capsules, once a day. Adults took 40-50 pieces of silk melon seeds, children took 30 pieces for 2 days. 857 patients were treated, and Ascaris lumbricoides was expelled after taking the medicine.
Chinese PinYin : Si Gua Zi
Banana seed. Ba Jiao Zi
Ghost lantern. Gui Deng Long
Badu powder. Ba Du San
Turtle and fish. Cang Tiao Yu Bie
Rhododendron floribundum. Hua Ye Jia Du Juan
Ixora. Long Chuan Hua
Three leaves. San Zhang Ye
Pine bark. Song Mu Pi
Centipede grass. Wu Gong Cao
Melastoma root. Ye Mu Dan Gen
Walnut. You Hu Tao
Aster. Zi Wan