Water ball flower
(collection of compendium)
[synonyms] Myrica rubra (flora of Guangzhou), shuihuangzao (materia medica of Luchuan), qinglongzhu (medicinal plant of Guangxi Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine), chuanyuliu (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine) and pseudomyrica rubra (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine) of Guangzhou army, shuijialei (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine) and ximiantiao (Handbook of Fujian traditional Chinese herbal medicine), manshanxiang (Handbook of herbal medicine) and Qiuhua (Handbook of Jiangxi herbal medicine).
[source] it is the branch, leaf, flower and fruit of Rubiaceae.
[plant morphology] water mass flower
Evergreen shrubs to small trees, usually about 2 m high, up to 5 m high. The branches are weak, with lenticels. Leaves opposite, papery, oblanceolate or oblong elliptic, 4-12 cm long, 1.5-3 cm wide, base broadly cuneate, apex long pointed and obtuse; petiole very short; stipules 2-lobed, 5-7 mm long, caducous. Capitate inflorescence small, solitary in leaf axils, globose, ca. 2 cm in diameter (style); total pedicel 3-4.5 cm long, powdery puberulent, with 5 whorled bracteoles below the middle; sepals 5, linear oblong; corolla white, funnel-shaped, puberulent, 5-lobed, lobes ovate oblong, ca. 1 mm long; stamens 5, filaments short, inserted at the throat of corolla tube; disk cup-shaped, ovary Inferior, 2-locular, style filiform, extending beyond corolla tube. Capsule cuneate, ca. 3 mm long; seeds numerous, oblong, narrowly winged at both ends. The flowering period is from July to August. The fruit period is from August to September (Guangdong).
They like to live by rivers, streams and dense forests. Distributed in Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan, Zhejiang, Guangxi, Guangdong and other places.
The root of this plant is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] it can be picked at any time, fresh or dried.
Bitter and smooth.
① Fujian folk herbal medicine: "bitter, flat.". "
② "Luchuan Materia Medica": "sweet and light, slightly cold. "
③ "Nanning drug records": "astringent, there is a small poison. "
Functions and indications: clearing heat and removing dampness, removing blood stasis and relieving pain, hemostasis and promoting muscle regeneration. For dysentery, enteritis, damp heat, edema, carbuncle, sore, eczema, rotten feet, ulcers, trauma and bleeding.
① "Li's grass secret" says: "it can cure the wound of gold blade, rot the sore of foot for a long time, pound the skin and leaves, and cover the wound. "
② "Fujian folk herbal medicine": "leaf or flower: detoxification and hemostasis, for the ulcer medicine. "
③ "Lu Chuan Materia Medica": "branches and leaves: anti inflammation, detoxification and decaying. It is used to treat skin ulcers and ulcers. "
④ "Convergence, insecticidal. It can cure eczema, scabies and scraping worm feet. "
⑤ "Dieda Huaye" is commonly used in the treatment of acute gastroenteritis. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, flower and fruit 3-6 yuan; branch and leaf 0.5-1 Liang. External use: the branches and leaves are decocted, washed or tamped.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat bacillary dysentery: take the water ball and flower ball three times a day by decocting them in water (10 minutes after boiling). (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
② Treatment of dampness and heat edema: water mass flower fresh stem or leaf, wormwood each one or two, water decocting sugar. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of hepatitis: shuituanhua fresh roots, fresh roots of Polygonum cuspidatum each one or two. Fried in water, mixed with sugar. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
④ Treatment of toothache caused by wind fire: two or two fresh flower balls in water, fried in water, gargle several times a day. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
⑤ Carbuncle treatment, nameless swelling poison: water mass flower fresh leaves plus salt, rice mashed topical. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of skin eczema: shuituan Huaye, fengchuange, qianbangui, jinggucao, decoct in water. Wash the affected area. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
⑦ Treatment of wound bleeding, foot rotten poison: water mass, flower leaves or flowers. Wash with cold water, mash and apply to the wound. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
Chinese PinYin : Shui Tuan Hua
Water ball flower
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