(a textual research on the names and facts of plants)
[synonym] Sanjiaocao (Lingnan caiyao Lu), jinniuzi (Guangzhou flora), jinniucao (Fujian folk herbal medicine), Yemo Cao (Guangxi Medicinal Plant Atlas), Hanqi Cao (collection of folk herbal medicine), shizicao (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), Cordyceps sinensis, Ludui Cao, shuiniucao, sanbutiao (Guizhou folk medicine), Sanhan Cao, Jiangya Cao, Hanjin Cao（ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records, shuixiangfu, yanhanzhu (Chongqing herbal medicine), sweating grass (Chinese medicine plant Atlas), mountain centipede, shuiwumei, headless Xiangfu, longtuzhu (Quanzhou materia medica), jinniucao, Shuicao (Hunan herbal medicine records), yilixue, tuchaihu, Sanjiaocao, taiwanmei, sanjiancao (Mindong materia medica), qiutoucao, dingbangcao (Guangzhou army Changcao) In this paper, the author introduces the traditional Chinese herbal medicine in Zhejiang Province, including leigongcao, diyangmei, sanrenqianzhu (Jiangxi herbal medicine), hanretoucao, delongcao, yilizhu, jiutouxiang, xizhucao, yangmeicao, kuxiangzi, shuizhubo (Zhejiang folk herbal medicine), sanlenghuan, yizicao, huanggutou (Shanghai herbal medicine), shuijinchai (Shaanxi herbal medicine), shuidaoxiang (Fujian herbal medicine) It's called "medicine", steel fist (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual), kuju Wantuo (Tibetan name).
[source] it is the whole grass or root of Cyperaceae plant water centipede.
[plant morphology] water recreational centipede
Herbs perennial, tufted. Rhizome with purple, fibrous roots. The stem is thin and long, bald and clean, 10-50 cm high, triangular and fragrant. The leaves are soft, narrowly linear, varying in length, 3-10 cm long and 1.5-3 mm wide, terminal acuminate, lower part purplish, sheath shaped. Inflorescence, solitary, ovate, green, 4-8 mm long, dense; involucre 3-leaflike, connecting under ear, 2-16 cm long, often outward spreading; spikelets extremely numerous, long elliptic, about 3 mm long, falling off when mature; glumes 4-boat-shaped ovate, wingless ridge, spinulose, 2-row, arranged on axis, back light green, apex pointed, lower 2-spineless The flower is not covered, stamen 3, filaments slender, filiform, anther elliptic; pistil 1, style slender, as long as filaments, stigma dichotomous. Achene slightly compressed obovate, brown. It blooms in summer. The fruit period is autumn.
It grows near water, slightly near water, paddy field and open wetland. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
[chemical composition] it contains volatile oil.
[flavor] pungent, flat.
① Fujian folk herbal medicine: "Gan Wei Xin, Ping. "
② "Guangxi medicine plant atlas": "pungent, slightly warm, non-toxic. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "warm in nature, pungent in taste. "
[function indications] it is used to treat cold, wind and cold, cold and heat, headache, muscle and bone pain, cough, malaria, jaundice, dysentery, sore, swelling and poison, bruise and knife injury.
① "Insecticidal, septic" in the name and reality of plants. "
② Flora of Guangzhou: "it is mainly used to treat dysentery. "
③ "Fujian folk herbal medicine": antipyretic diuretic. To treat malaria. "
④ Collection of commonly used folk herbal medicines: "dispel the wind, remove the cold and cough. "
⑤ "In addition to wind heat, promote orifices, stop bleeding and cough. It is used to treat injuries caused by falls and snakes. "
⑥ "Removing blood stasis, detumescence, relieving pain, killing insects, relaxing tendons and activating collaterals". "
⑦ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is used to treat cold, wind and cold, headache, muscle and bone pain, aversion to cold and fever. "
⑧ "Guangdong traditional Chinese medicine" II: "antitussive expectorant, treatment of pertussis, dry hot cough. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, fresh 1-2 Liang; or mash juice. External use: tamping.
[selection] 1. To treat epidemic fever: water centipede, clematis, decoction. (collection of herbs in Lingnan)
② Treatment of red and white dysentery: fresh water centipede grass one or two to one or two or five money, drink with boiling water and rock sugar five money, stew for one hour service. (Fujian folk herbal medicine)
③ Treatment sore swelling poison: water centipede whole grass, banana root. Mash and apply to the affected area. (Hunan medical records)
④ Treatment of traumatic injuries: water centipede a Jin. Mash it up and make four liang of wine. Take two liang of filtered wine for internal use, stir fry the residue and apply it to the pain area. (illustrated records of medicinal plants in Guangxi)
⑤ General treatment Snake: water centipede two Liang. Mash it up, rinse it with wine, take one or two orally, and wipe it around the wound. (illustrated records of medicinal plants in Guangxi)
⑥ Treatment of skin itching: water centipede fried water wash. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
⑦ Treatment of pertussis, bronchitis, sore throat: water centipede dry products one or two to two. Take it in water. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
⑧ Treatment of malaria: water centipede one or two. Take it 8-4 hours before the onset of malaria. (Jiangxi herbal medicine)
⑨ Treatment of stomatitis in children: water centipede rhizome one or two. Fried in water, washed with honey. (Zhejiang folk herbs)
⑩ Treatment of rheumatism and bone pain: water centipede one to two. Take it by frying. (commonly used Chinese herbal medicine in Shanghai)
(11) treatment of knife wound fracture: fresh water centipede pound velvet, package the affected area, change dressing twice a day. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
(12) treatment of icteric infectious hepatitis: water centipede fresh whole grass one to two. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
Treatment of qi stagnation abdominal pain: water centipede fresh whole grass one or two. Take it in water. (Fujian Chinese herbal medicine)
[clinical application] 1
Take 2-3 liang of centipede and fry it in water for 3-4 hours. 2 hours or 1 day before the onset of malaria. A total of 48 cases were treated, of which 21 cases were treated with 2 liang. Before taking the medicine, Plasmodium was found in the blood test, and after taking the medicine, the symptoms disappeared, 15 cases were not found Plasmodium in the thick blood film, 27 cases were treated with 3 Liang, and 24 cases were effective. The dosage should not be less than 3 Liang, the decoction time should not be less than 3 hours, and the medication should not be less than 3 days. However, according to the experimental results of mice in Institute of parasitic diseases, Jiangsu Branch of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, it is proved that the effect of water centipede on Plasmodium is not good, and it can be preliminarily confirmed that it is not effective against Plasmodium. At the same time, it is observed that the concentrated decoction of water centipede root and ethanol reflux concentrate are toxic. Therefore, it is very necessary to test the toxicity before using large dose of water centipede for clinical trials Test.
② Treatment of chyluria
Take dried water centipede rhizome, longan each 2 liang, decoction, 1 dose a day, or instead of tea, for 15 days. More than 100 cases were treated, and all had certain effect.
③ Treatment of bacillary dysentery
Water centipede, powdery vine (i.e. Sapium sebiferum) each 1 liang, water decocting points 2 times (severe can be 2 doses daily). 70 cases were treated, with an average of 7 days. 54 cases were cured, 14 cases were markedly effective, and 2 cases were ineffective. The average time of fever abatement was 2.3 days, the average days of stool frequency and character returning to normal was about 5 days, and the average time of stool culture turning negative was 4.08 days. Compared with the control group of sulfaguanidine, its curative effect seems to be no inferior.
④ Treatment of chronic tracheitis
Take 1 jin of red bayberry (water centipede) and half Jin of each root and leaf of geranium (Litsea cubeba) and add 1000 ml of water for distillation. Take 500 ml of middle distillate three times a day, 20 ml each time. 10 days is a course of treatment. 92 cases were treated, 11 cases were controlled in the near future, 12 cases were markedly effective, 41 cases were improved, and the effective rate was 69.4%. This medicine has certain antitussive, antiasthmatic and expectorant effects. The curative effect usually appears 2-4 days after taking the medicine, and the side effects are slight. But the long-term effect is not good, and it is easy to relapse after drug withdrawal. The dosage was increased to 30 ml each time, 20 days as a course of treatment, 400 cases were treated, the effective rate was significantly improved.
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