(Cao Mu Bian Fang)
[synonyms] Shuiquan (Luchuan materia medica), shuiguazicai (Cucurbitaceae), hongyanmao (medica records of Nanning), shuimashang (Guiyang folk medicine), rouaituotuotuo (Guizhou folk medicine), Shuijia (Shuijia), shuichuan (Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine records), shuidouban (shuidouban), honggecao (Yunnan Simao traditional Chinese medicine selections).
[source] it is the whole plant of the family chelidaceae.
[plant morphology] sarcandra rotundifolia
It is an annual herb, rooting on the ground, often in clumps. The stem is 5-30cm high, bald and reddish. Leaves opposite, sessile or shortly stipitate, orbicular, obovate to broadly oblong, 5-10 mm long, entire. Flowers are very small, less than 2 mm in length, nearly sessile, and solitary in bracts. They are terminal, dense spikes with 1-3 bracts, 1-4 cm in length. Bracts (i.e. flower leaves) are ovate or oblong, about as long as flowers. Calyx tube is bell shaped, teeth 4, triangular, short pointed. Petals 4, obovate, light purple red, about twice as long as calyx teeth. Stamens 4, pistils 1, ovary spherical and slightly flat, with flowers Column short, purple, stigma capitate. Capsule elliptic, longer than wide. The flowering period is April. The fruit period is from June to July.
It grows in paddy fields, ponds or extremely humid places. It is distributed in the south of the Yangtze River.
[collection] all year round.
[chemical constituents] it contains phenols, amino acids and flavonoid glycosides.
Sweet and light, cool.
① "Luchuan Materia Medica": "sweet, cold. "
② "Nanning drug records": "light, cool, non-toxic. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "astringent taste, cool nature. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, diuresis, detumescence and detoxification. Treatment of dysentery, dropsy, gonorrhea, dysmenorrhea, hemorrhoids, gingival swelling and pain, carbuncle swelling and sore poison.
① "Cao Mu Bian Fang": "it can remove dampness, clear away heat, eliminate carbuncle and swelling, remove heat toxin and all fire poison. Treatment of soup fire injury, gonorrhea, dysentery, hemorrhoids. "
② "Guiyang folk herbs": "cough, water take disease. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine: clearing away swelling, relieving defecation. Treatment of gingival swelling and pain, carbuncle poison. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] 1. To control water and spread diseases: one or two water amaranths and five stone Acorus calamus. Take it in boiling water. (Guiyang folk herbs)
② Zhihuolin: water amaranth, mash fried. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
③ Cure mastitis: water amaranth, side ear root, fresh mint. Tamping and external application. (records of Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine)
④ Treatment of cough: meat aituotuo Wuqian decoction. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑤ Treatment of water sores (fever of hands and feet): the meat is fried and washed with water. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea: watercress, Rubia, motherwort, decoction. (selected Chinese herbal medicines from Simao, Yunnan)
Chinese PinYin : Shui Xian Cai
White fish tail. Bai Yu Wei
Kansui. Gan Sui
Longan leaf. Long Yan Ye
Root bark of Podocarpus. Luo Han Song Gen Pi
Seven leeches. Ma Huang Qi
Bodhi bark. Pu Ti Shu Pi
Rubus hirsutus. Quan Mao Xuan Gou Zi
Tengcao. Teng Cao
Dried persimmon. Shi Bing
Water Weng leaf. Shui Weng Ye
Sunflower receptacle. Xiang Ri Kui Hua Tuo
Yinxianggen. Yin Xiang Gen