[synonym] salt (Zhouli), Xianyu (Book of rites).
[source] it is the crystal of salt water from sea water or salt wells, salt pools and salt springs.
[chemical composition] the main component is sodium chloride; due to different sources and preparation methods, the quality and quantity of inclusions are different. Common impurities include magnesium chloride and magnesium sulfate. Sodium sulfate, calcium sulfate and insoluble substances.
[processing] compendium of Medicine: "when salt is used as medicine, it must be hydrated to remove the dross and decoct white, which is good. "
[flavor] salty, cold.
① Bielu: "it tastes salty, warm and nontoxic. "Big salt, sweet and salty, non-toxic. "
② "It tastes salty. Cold Qi, non-toxic. "
③ "Compendium": "salty slightly pungent, cold, non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering stomach, kidney and intestine.
① Compendium: "walk the lung and kidney. "
② In the explanation of Lei Gong's processed medicinal properties: "entering the three channels of kidney, lung and liver. "
③ In the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "entering the foot Shaoyin, hand Shaozhi, Foot Yangming, hand Taiyin and Yangming meridians. "
[function indications] vomit, clear fire, cool blood, detoxify. It is used to treat food stagnation, epigastric distension, phlegm addiction in chest, obstruction of two stools, bleeding of gingiva, sore throat, toothache, blurred eyes, sores and stings of poisonous insects.
① Ben Jing: "big salt makes people vomit. "
② Bielu: "the lower part of the main hidden sore, typhoid cold and heat, spit phlegm ringworm in the chest, stop heart and abdomen pain, firm muscle and bone. "Big salt, the main intestines and stomach heat, dyspnea, chest full. "
③ In the collection of materia medica: "it is healthy to eliminate wind evil, spit out evil things, kill insects, improve eyesight, remove wind poison from skin, harmonize viscera, and eliminate stagnant things. If you have trouble urinating, stir fry salt in your navel. "
④ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "warm water, dirty, (main) cholera, heartache, sore, eyesight. Stop wind, tear, evil, all insect wound sore swelling. Xiaoshi, ziwuwei, changrou, buskin. Catharsis, infantile hernia. "
⑤ "Gangmu": detoxification. It can cool blood and moisten dryness, relieve pain and itch, vomit all kinds of diseases, such as wind heat, phlegm and phlegm. "
⑥ "Yilin zuanyao" says: "it can be used to invigorate the heart, tranquilize the mind, stop delusion, promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis. It can be used to drain kidney, strengthen bone and teeth, reduce adverse reactions and eliminate phlegm. "
⑦ "Suixiju diet spectrum": "tonifying kidney, igniting fire, moistening dryness, dispelling Phoenix, clearing away heat and dampness, improving eyesight, killing insects, specially treating beriberi, touching pedicel bell drop, applying snake and insect injury. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: dissolve in boiling soup, 0.3 ~ 1 yuan; for emesis, fry yellow, 3 ~ 6 yuan. External rejection: hot frying, ironing or hydrating, eyedrops and sore washing.
[should avoid] edema should not be taken.
① Plain questions: "there is no salty food in blood diseases. If you eat too much, your pulse will turn pale and cry.". "
② Bielu: "eating too much hurts the lung and likes cough. "
③ Shu materia medica: "eating too much makes you lose color, dark skin and muscle strength. "
④ According to Bencao Yanyi, "it is advisable to ban all patients with cough and water. "
⑤ "The classic of Materia Medica" and "to quench thirst is taboo by law. "
[prescription selection] 1. To treat gluttony, one liter of salt, three liters of water. Add two flavors and boil to remove the salt. Take it in three parts, when you spit out food. (Synopsis of the Golden Chamber)
② In the treatment of dry cholera, you can't vomit in the upper part and make no profit in the lower part. You can sweat in the cold, and you want to lose your breath: a spoonful of salt (boiling yellow), and a liter of urine in the boy. Take the two things gently and spit them out. (Liu Zongyuan)
③ If the treatment of headache is broken, it is neither moderate cold nor apoplexy. It is caused by the upward rush of phlegm Qi in the chest diaphragm. It is called Jue headache. Vomiting is poor: spit with salt soup, but not spit out. (behind the elbow)
④ Zhixi smiles more than anything: two or two pieces of salt. Fire to make red, put cold grind fine, with a large bowl of water, with fried to three, five boiling. Put the temperature and sip it three times, with the hairpin in the throat. (Confucianist family affairs)
⑤ Treatment of cholera abdominal pain: fried salt, a package of ironing its heart and abdomen, so that gas through, and a package of ironing its back. (emergency prescription)
⑥ The second treatment is not effective: salt and bitter wine are applied to the navel, which is easy to be dried. Salt is still poured into the anus, and salt is wrapped in paper and poured into water. (Yang's collection)
⑦ Treatment of gingival bleeding: sooner or later with salt fine powder brush teeth, continuous use. (Jilin Chinese herbal medicine)
⑧ Cure blood dysentery more than: white salt paper package burn research, porridge to eat three or four times. (emergency prescription)
⑨ Treatment of Qi drenching and umbilicus pain: adjust with salt and vinegar. (guanglifang)
⑩ For a long time, the valley pain is unbearable: Boil the salt and iron it, and then fry the Fructus aurantii and iron it. (behind the elbow)
(11) treatment of Yang deficiency syndrome, cold limbs, unconsciousness, or abdominal pain, cold sweat and asthma: stir fried hot with salt, ironing the air sea under the umbilicus. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
(12) cure all Qi and beriberi: three liters of salt, steaming, waiting for heat, separately wrapping, stepping near the wall, making the heart of the foot hot, and steaming with white locust skin, night and night with it. (dietotherapy materia medica)
⒀ treatment of beriberi pain: every night with salt wipe legs knee to foot, with less submergence, with hot soup full wash. (emergency prescription)
(14) treating mouth pinching in children: Moxibustion on umbilicus with salt and soy sauce. (secret records of son and mother)
To treat the swelling of the throat, wrap the head with cotton and wipe it with salt for two or seven times. (Sheng Hui Fang)
(16) treatment of wind heat toothache: two bowls of Huaizhi decoction, one jin of salt. Dry, stir fry and grind, wipe your teeth daily and wash your eyes with water. (Tang Yao experience prescription)
In the treatment of the eye, there is a little white salt, and the frequency is high. It is also suitable for children. (ren Zhai Zhi Zhi Fang)
Clear your eyes, firm your teeth, remove the haze, and benefit your old eyes: take snow-white salt flower, wipe your teeth every morning, rinse your eyes with water from your big nails, and wash your face after sitting for a long time. (Yonglei qianfang)
(19) cure ulcers and carbuncle itching: rub the surrounding with salt. (the essence of surgery)
⒇ treatment of hand foot heart poison, wind poison swelling: salt powder, pepper powder, etc. It should be treated with vinegar and compress. (behind the elbow)
(21) there are occult worms and sores in the lower part of fever treatment: Boil salt, wrap and iron it. (Mei Shi Ji Yi Fang)
(22) treatment of earthworm bite: soak the body in thick salt soup for several times. (empirical formula)
(23) treatment of urinary ulcers: three liters of salt, one bucket of water, six liters of boiling water, to soak the soft soup on the ulcers. (dietotherapy materia medica)
[famous scholar's discussion] 1. Bencao Yanyi: "Suwen says that salty goes with blood, so people who eat fish and salt in the East are mostly black. It is known that salty goes with blood. There is a lot of blood in the crevices of the teeth, often gargle with salt soup, that is to say, it is beneficial for the teeth to get rid of blood. "
② The Compendium: "the smell of salt is salty and fishy, and human blood is salty and fishy. Salty goes away with blood. There is no need to eat more salty food for blood diseases. If you eat more salty food, your pulse will be coagulated, weeping and changing color. Fried salt, with Gleditsia. Therefore, the taste of salt is pungent, pungent to the lung, salty to the kidney, wheezing, edema, thirst, salt is taboo, or phlegm, or crying blood, or help water evil. However, salt is the main cause of all kinds of diseases, and all kinds of diseases are unnecessary. Therefore, for those who take the kidney tonifying salt decoction, salt will return to the kidney and lead medicine Qi into the viscera; for those who use the heart tonifying salt decoction, salt will make up for the heart's bitterness and deficiency; for those who use the spleen tonifying salt decoction, deficiency will make up the mother, and spleen is the son of the heart; for those who use the kidney tonifying salt decoction, salt can soften and firm; for those who use the eye carbuncle and blood disease, salt will remove blood; for those who use the wind heat disease, cold For those with bone disease and tooth disease, the kidney dominates the bone and the salt penetrates into the bone; for those with insect injury, it can be used to detoxify. "
③ Chongqing Tang essays: "salt tastes saltiest. If it tastes too salty, it is thirsty. Dry liquid is also a sign. If it can be used as liquid, then saltiness belongs to fire. However, although the taste is due to fire and the nature goes down, those who are inflamed by deficiency fire will drink light salt soup, so it is a wonderful product to ignite fire and return to the Yuan Dynasty. Those who vomit more than once will be cured by soaking their feet in brine. "
Chinese PinYin : Shi Yan
Venus grass. Jin Xing Cao
Cowpea root. Jiang Dou Gen
Auspicious grass. Ji Xiang Cao
Pistil grass. Bai Rui Cao
tomato. Fan Qie
Root of caltrop. Hua Guai Teng Gen
Deer kidney. Lu Shen
Cotyledon of Vitex trifolia. Man Jing Zi Ye
Cattail seed shell. Pu Zhong Ke
Cornu chinensis. Yang Jiao Niu Hua
Double leaf lotus. Zhong Ye Lian