(Jiayou materia medica)
[synonyms] stone lacquer (Natural History), fierce fire oil (yesterday's dream record), male butter, sulfur butter (compendium), di Zhi (Fangzhen Chronicle), mud oil (compendium Collection).
[source] crude oil of hydrocarbon mineral oil.
[mineral form] petroleum
It is a dark brown or dark brown liquid. If it is thick, it is also thick. Glossy star oil, or if water, transparent to slightly transparent. Specific gravity o.6-o.9 (light petroleum light, dark petroleum heavy). It has a special smell of oil. Very easy to burn, black smoke when burning. It is formed by the complex chemical and biochemical changes of lower animals and plants under the action of strata and bacteria. It usually accumulates in rocks with pores and fractures.
[chemical composition] it mainly contains alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, organic compounds containing nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen, and carcinogenic components in petroleum.
[sexual taste] (compendium): "hard work, poisonous. "
[functions and indications] ① jiadiao materia medica: "it can cure children's convulsions, and can be used as pills and powder with various drugs. "
② "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "to apply the iron arrow into the meat medicine for treating tinea, ringworm and scabies. "
③ "Gangmu Shiyi" said: "to cure the white bald and pile up the ashes, and then to cure the evil scabies. "
[clinical application] ① treatment of chronic tracheitis
Adults take kerosene (processed naphtha) 4-5 ml each time, 1-2 times a day, 2-3 hours before meals. 10 days for a course of treatment, can be three consecutive courses. Among 182 cases, 21 cases (11.5%) were cured and 57 cases (31.1%) were markedly effective. The shorter the course of disease, the more significant the effect; the older the age, the worse the effect. After taking it, it has significant antiasthmatic effect; the amount of sputum increases slightly in the initial stage, and then decreases; the appearance of antitussive effect is slow. A few patients have nausea, but no vomiting; if the dose is too large, diarrhea may occur; some patients have anal and glans itching, stomach discomfort, which can be alleviated or disappeared after reduction. Kerosene contains 10.3% aromatics. If the aromatics are removed, the odor and toxicity can be reduced. 194 cases were treated with dearomatized kerosene. The effective rate was similar to that before, but the side effects were small and the patients were easy to accept.
② Treatment of enterobiasis
Wipe anus with sterilized cotton ball dipped in kerosene or gasoline at 9 pm. First wipe around the anus, then slowly push the cotton ball into the anus, put it in children for about 10 minutes and take it out, adults do not need to take it out. Once a night, usually 1-3 times. 38 cases were cured. There was no recurrence.
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