(edible materia medica)
[synonyms] yellow croaker (Linhai foreign body records), stone fish (lingbiaoyi records), river fish (zheji records), yellow croaker (materia medica records), sea fish and cucumber fish (Yilin Zhuanyao).
[source] it is the flesh of Pseudosciaena crocea or Pseudosciaena crocea.
[animal morphology] 1. Pseudosciaena crocea, also known as Pseudosciaena crocea.
The body is nearly rectangular and laterally flat, with the dorsal and ventral margins convex in front and low in rear. It is about 30 cm long. The head is large and flat, and the snout is round and blunt. The eyes are equal in size and superior in lateral position. There are 2 nostrils on each side. The anterior nostril is round and small, and the posterior nostril is long and large, close to the eye. The mouth is anterior, broad and oblique. The upper jaw is equal to the lower jaw, and the lip is thin. The edge of the anterior operculum is serrate, and the posterior end of the operculum has a flat spine. The branchial foramen are large and the operculum is not connected with isthmus. Gill harrow is longer. The scales are pectinate with 57 lateral shallow scales; the scales below the lateral line are larger than those above the lateral line. More than 2 / 3 of dorsal fin and gluteal fin are covered with small round scales. The lateral line is curved in the front and straight in the rear. The origin of dorsal fin Ⅷ - Ⅹ 31 is above the origin of pectoral fin. The anal fin Ⅱ 9 starts from the middle of the dorsal fin, and the pectoral fin Ⅱ 15 starts from behind the gill cap. The ventral fin is smaller than the pectoral fin. Caudal fin cuneate. The dorsal side of the body is grayish yellow, and the lower side is golden; the dorsal and caudal fins are grayish yellow, and the pectoral, abdominal and gluteal fins are yellow.
Most of them are active in the middle and lower layers of the sea and have migratory habits. It is distributed in the East China Sea and the South China Sea; Zhoushan archipelago in Zhejiang Province is the most, while it is rare in the Yellow Sea.
② Small yellow croaker, also known as: small yellow croaker, flower fish, ancient fish, big eye.
Its shape is similar to that of large yellow croaker. Body length is about 20 cm. Lateral scales 60-63. The dorsal fin IX is 34-36, the starting point of which is opposite to that of the pectoral fin. The anal fin Ⅱ 9 starts later in the middle of dorsal fin. The pectoral fin is 19, long and pointed, with the end exceeding that of the ventral fin. The ventral fin is slightly shorter than the pectoral fin. Caudal fin cuneate. The dorsal side of the body is grayish brown, the sides and ventral side are yellow, and the edge of dorsal fin is grayish brown.
They have migratory habits. It is distributed in the Yellow Sea and Bohai Sea.
Dried products of the above two kinds of animals, otolith and swim bladder in the skull are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[chemical composition] each 100g large and small yellow croaker contains: water 81,79 g; protein 17.6,16.7 g; fat 0.8,3.5 g; ash 0.9,0.9 g; calcium 33,43 mg; phosphorus 135127 mg; iron 0.9,1 mg. 2 mg; thiamine o.01, o.01 mg; riboflavin 0.10, 0.14 mg; nicotinic acid 0.8, O.9 mg. Each kilogram of fresh Shishou fish contains 120 micrograms of iodine.
Sweet and smooth.
① Cui Yuxi's book of food: "it tastes sweet, warm and nontoxic. "
② Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, salty, flat. "
[Guijing] compendium of materia medica: "enter the Foot Yangming and Shaoyin meridians. "
[functions and indications] 1. Cui Yuxi's "the book of food" says: "it is beneficial to the lower body, clear the eyes and calm the mind. "
② "Kaibao Materia Medica": "make soup with Brasenia schreberi to appetizer and replenish qi. "
③ "Suixiju diet spectrum": "filling essence. "
(1) in the book of Materia Medica, it is said that "to activate the wind and activate the Qi, to raise phlegm and help poison.". "
② "Suixiju diet spectrum": "eat more, get sore and help fever. "
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