(save famine materia medica)
[synonym] Cassia obtusifolia, Cucumis sativus, mengcao (Leguminosae), tadisha, xibangmu, shazicao (Nanning medicinal records), dibaicao (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine), shuizaojiao (Guizhou traditional Chinese Medicine), pseudoniugan (Guangxi Traditional Chinese Medicine), wangjiangnan, chancao, xiatongcao, Yuchuang, hongshuangshi (Southern main poisonous plants).
[source] it is the whole plant of Dolichos tonkinensis.
[plant morphology] hyacinth
Subshrub like herbs, 30-45 cm high. The stem is much branched, the branches are long and thin, oblique or scattered, and pubescent. Double pinnate compound leaves, alternate, 7.5-10 cm long; stipules linear, long pointed; leaflets 25-60 pairs, falcate coin shaped, 3-5 mm long, rarely 8 mm long, apex short pointed. Pedicels axillary,. Single or several flowers arranged in a short raceme; sepals 5, lanceolate, apex acute; petals 5, yellow, rarely longer than sepals; stamens 10, 5, long and 5 short, alternate; pistil 1, ovary linear and flat, style curved, stigma truncate. Pods linear, flat, 2.5-5 cm long; ca. 5 mm wide, sparsely hairy. Seeds 16-25, dark brown, smooth and glossy. The flowering period is from August to September. The fruit period is from September to October.
Born in the forest between the slopes and fields, roadsides. Distribution in North China, South to Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Taiwan and other places.
The seeds of this plant (Sophora tonkinensis) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] the whole plant was harvested in summer and autumn and dried in the sun or baked.
Dried whole plant. The root is long and thin, the fibrous root is developed, the appearance is brown, the quality is hard, not easy to break. Stems branched, yellowish brown or tan, pubescent. The leaves are curly, the lower leaves are mostly fallen off, yellowish brown to grayish green, brittle and fragile; stipules conic. The air is weak and the taste is light. It is better to have more leaves.
It is produced in Guangxi and Guangdong.
Sweet and smooth.
① "Nanning drug records": "Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
② Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine: "sweet, light, flat. "
Functions and indications: clearing the liver and removing dampness, dispersing blood stasis and resolving accumulation. It can treat jaundice due to damp heat, diarrhea due to summer heat, edema, accumulation of blood stasis due to labor injury, infantile malnutrition and carbuncle swelling.
① "Clearing heat, eliminating food and promoting body fluid" is one of the important contents in Nanning medical records. To cure malnutrition and stop thirst. "
② "Guangdong traditional Chinese medicine": "it is used to treat fatigue, accumulation of blood stasis, internal injury and cough. "
③ Guizhou herbal medicine: "clearing away heat, detumescence, promoting diuresis and dredging the lymph.". "
④ Guangdong Chinese herbal medicine: "clearing away heat and toxin, eliminating accumulation. It can cure snake bite. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-5 yuan (large dose 1-2 Liang). External use: tamping or frying and washing.
[selection] 1. Treatment of jaundice: two taels of Gleditsia sinensis, five taels of dixingxiu, simmered water. (Guizhou herbal medicine)
② Treatment of summer leaf diarrhea: lentils one or two, fried in water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
③ Cure dropsy and drench disease: water soap horn, sharp store each one or two, simmer water to take.
④ Treat infantile malnutrition: water soap horn, water bayberry, vegetable oil each five money, red cow knee two money, steamed a little hen to eat.
⑤ Cure night blindness: water soap two liang, chrysanthemum three money, stew pig hoof a pair to eat.
⑥ Treatment of shoulder sores: water Gleditsia leaf, water wax gourd leaf appropriate amount, pound down, external application of the affected area. (3) Guizhou herbal medicine
⑦ Treatment of sores: right amount of fresh leaves of lentils, mash, add a little salt, mix and apply externally.
⑧ Treatment of carbuncle: lentil leaves, grind fine powder, with honey or chicken protein modulation application.
⑨ Cure lung carbuncle (spit stinky phlegm): Mountain lentils fresh whole grass four Liang, with lean pork four Liang soup, Decoction to soup medicine service.
⑩ Treatment of lacquer sores: lentil whole grass amount, water decoction. (7) the following prescriptions are published in the medical records of Hunan Province.)
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