(Kaibao materia medica)
[synonyms] Siniperca chuatsi, capybara (rihuazi materia medica), Osmanthus fragrans (Kaibao materia medica), golden scale fish (Dongyi Baojian), Osmanthus fragrans (seeking truth from materia medica), goby (suixiju diet), anchovy, sow shell (Chinese animal atlas? Fish).
[source] it is the meat of Siniperca chuatsi.
[animal morphology] Siniperca chuatsi, also known as Siniperca chuatsi.
The body is oblate, spindle shaped, and the back is raised. Body length is generally about 25 cm. The head is large, slightly inclined, downward and protruding forward. There are small teeth of different sizes on the upper and lower jaw, hoe bone and operculum, and the teeth of the upper and lower jaw expand into canine teeth. The posterior margin of the anterior operculum is serrated with 4-5 large spines, and the posterior part of the operculum has 2 spines. The lateral scales are curved, and the lateral lines are small. Dorsal fin Ⅻ 13-15, anterior 12 spines; abdominal fin 17, near chest; gluteal fin Ⅲ 9-11; pectoral fin, gluteal fin and caudal fin are round. The body color is brown, the abdomen is gray, from the snout through the eyes to the front of the dorsal fin, there is a black stripe, there is usually a dark brown longitudinal band under the 6th to 7th dorsal spine; there are many irregular plaques and spots on the side of the body, and there are brown spots on each odd fin connected into a band.
The main food is fish and fish. It is widely distributed in all rivers and lakes in China.
The gall of this animal (Siniperca chuatsi gall) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[chemical composition] meat contains 77 grams of water, 18.5 grams of protein, 3.5 grams of fat, 1.1 grams of ash, 79 mg of calcium, 143 mg of phosphorus, 0.7 mg of iron, 0.01 mg of thiamine, 0.10 mg of riboflavin and 1.9 mg of nicotinic acid per 100 grams.
Sweet and smooth.
① "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "flat, slightly toxic. "
② Kaibao materia medica: "it tastes sweet, flat and non-toxic. "
"Into the spleen and stomach. "
Functions and indications: tonifying qi and blood, benefiting spleen and stomach. Treatment of deficiency, fatigue, emaciation, intestinal wind and diarrhea.
① "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "tonifying labor, benefiting spleen and stomach. "
② "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "replenishing qi, treating intestinal wind and purging blood. "
③ Kaibao materia medica: "it can control the blood in the abdomen, replenish qi, make people fat and healthy, and remove the insects in the abdomen. "
④ According to the diet spectrum of suixiju: "nourishing blood, tonifying asthenia, killing laboring insects, eliminating evil blood and transporting diet. "
[should avoid] "pinhuijingyao:" patients with cold and dampness should not eat. "
Chinese PinYin : Gui Yu
Egg ginseng 1. Ji Dan Can
Blowing powder. Chui Feng San
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Ganoderma lucidum. Ling Zhi
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Naosha. Nao Sha
Achyranthes bidentata. Po Niu Xi
Donkey bone. Shan Lv Gu
Rabbit wind. Tu Er Feng
Artemisia tenuifolia. Xi Zhu Hao Cao
Duck tongue. Ya She Tou
Wild Litchi. Ye Li Zhi