(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonym] xiaogeye (essential for the nature of raw herbs) and landing money (seeking the origin of Materia Medica).
[source] it is the leaf of Ficus microcarpa, a Moraceae plant. The plant morphology is shown in the "banyan beard" section.
[collection] it can be collected all year round, and the impurities can be collected and dried in the sun.
[herbal medicine] the dried leaves are tea brown, irregularly curly, obovate oblong, 3-8 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. The apex is short and pointed, the base is slightly narrow, the edge is entire, leathery. The air is weak and the taste is light.
It is produced in Guangxi and Guangdong.
[chemical constituents] it contains triterpene saponin, flavonoid glycoside, acid resin and tannin.
[pharmacological action] antibacterial action
1: The leaves and bark of Ficus microcarpa had inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella Shui in vitro.
The results showed that the antibacterial potency of the water decoction of Ficus pendula was 1:20 for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 1:80 for Staphylococcus aureus, 1:80 for Shigella flexneri, 1:20 for Escherichia coli and 1:160 for Proteus by plate dilution method.
[nature and taste] Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II: "light, cool. "
Functions and indications: promoting blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis, relieving heat and dampness. Treatment of traumatic injury, chronic tracheitis, influenza, pertussis, tonsillitis, bacillary dysentery, enteritis, red eyes, toothache.
① "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": "eliminate Yin sores in bone, apply Dieda, relieve pain, flush wine and drink. "
② "Luchuan Materia Medica": "bone, swelling, pain. Treatment of traumatic injuries, broken tendons and broken bones. "
③ "Treatment of dysentery". "
④ "Lingnan herbal medicine annals": "relieve fever, manage dampness stagnation. "
⑤ "Prescription selection of Wuzhou herbal medicine and common diseases": "antipyretic, antipyretic, antipyretic and antitussive. It is used to treat fever, typhoid fever, epistaxis, moth throat, tonsillitis, conjunctivitis, malaria, pertussis, bruise and swelling, tendon injury and contracture pain. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoct soup, 3-5 yuan; grind powder or soak wine. External use: tamping.
[taboo] Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II: "it should not be used in leprosy patients, otherwise the nodules on the skin will be more visible. "
[prescription selection] ① treatment of women's amenorrhea and traumatic injuries: Banyan leaves, roasted and grinded powder, wine soaked clothes, three money each time, once a day, for three days. (Quanzhou materia medica)
② Treatment of eye heat: Banyan leaves, soybeans, add a little sugar with decocting. (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine II)
③ Treatment of toothache caused by wind fire: the leaves of Toona sinensis are dried in the sun and the teeth are blocked. (Quanzhou materia medica)
[clinical application] ① treatment of chronic tracheitis
Take 1.5 liang of Ficus microcarpa fresh leaves, decoct them in water, then add 2 yuan of tangerine peel (all 10 Liang system) and decoct them again. After filtering out the first solution, decoct the residue again. Combine the two solutions and concentrate them to 50-100 ml, add appropriate amount of white sugar, which is the daily amount for adults. Take it 2-3 times a day after meals, 10 days as a course of treatment, three courses of treatment. Among 507 cases treated, 133 cases (26.23%) were controlled in the near future, 183 cases (36.1%) were markedly effective, and the effect of simple type was slightly higher than that of wheezing type. Or with fresh leaves and tangerine peel juice thick made into syrup, every 10 ml contains fresh leaves 8%, tangerine peel 2 money, three times a day, 10 ml each time, 10 days as a course of treatment, depending on the need to carry out a second course of treatment every few days. A total of 151 cases were treated, 81 cases were cured (53.6%), 50 cases were markedly effective (33.1%). After 2-5 days of medication, cough, asthma and phlegm were improved to varying degrees, sleep improved, appetite increased, only a small number of patients had dizziness, dry mouth, throat discomfort, weakness of limbs, and stomach pain aggravated in patients with gastric ulcer after medication; in very few patients with weak body, mild edema appeared during medication, and disappeared spontaneously after withdrawal of medication. In addition, it was reported that there was no significant difference in the therapeutic effect between the two groups. In addition to chronic tracheitis, it is also effective for acute tracheitis and upper respiratory tract infection. Cough, expectoration and other symptoms usually disappear or significantly reduce in 3-5 days, and the body temperature and white blood cells can quickly return to normal.
② Treatment of acute bacillary dysentery and enteritis
Take 100% banyan leaf Decoction 50-100 ml twice a day. 19 cases of bacillary dysentery were treated, 17 cases were cured and 2 cases were improved. Seven cases of acute enteritis were treated and cured in one day.
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