China ab utilon seed
[alias] Okra Seed, green hemp, Okra Seed, white hemp.
[source] it is the seed of Abutilon theophrasti medic.
[plant morphology] annual herb, 0.3-2m high, densely covered with villous stellate hairs. The leaves are alternate, round and visceral, 7-18cm in diameter, with long apex, coarsely serrated margin, palmate veins and long petiole. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, calyx 5-lobed, green; petals 5-yellow, obovate, apex flat concave, base connate with stamen tube; stamens numerous, filament base connate into tube; carpel 15-20, annulate oblate, apex protruding as awn. The fruit is semicircular, like a millstone, densely covered with stellate hairs. The seeds are black. The flowering period is from July to October and the fruiting period is from October to November.
Born on roadsides, fields, or cultivated plants. It is mainly produced in Sichuan, Hubei, Henan and Jiangsu.
[harvest] harvest mature fruits in autumn, dry them in the sun and lay seeds.
[character] the seed is triangular kidney shaped, 3.5-6 mm long, 2.5-4.5 mm wide and 1-2 mm thick. The surface is grayish black or dark brown, with white sparse villi. There are oval like hili in the depression, light brown, and radial fine lines around. Testa hard, cotyledons 2, overlapping fold. The air is weak and the taste is light.
[chemical composition] it contains fatty oil, the main components of which are linoleic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and arachidonic acid.
[nature and taste] it is flat in nature and bitter in taste.
[function indications] clearing away heat and dampness, detoxifying, and removing Yi. For red and white dysentery, gonorrhea astringent pain, carbuncle swelling eye Yi.
1. All eye diseases. And chrysanthemum seed a liter, grind into powder, put into the slice of pig liver, moxibustion cooked, cut into fine powder. Take a small amount of each, Chen rice soup sent down. Three times a day.
2. The eye produces a pannus membrane. With white hemp seed, shell, put into pig liver slice, slowly moxibustion cooked, grind fine, add vinegar and into balls, such as Wuzi big. Take 30 pills each time and bring them down with boiling water. Another recipe: pack the jute seeds in bags, steam them, dry them in the sun, grind them into powder, add honey to make them into balls, and send them down in warm water.
Chinese PinYin : Qing Ma Zi
Fritillaria thunbergii. Zhe Bei Mu
Black skin. Hei Pi Die Da
Guanyin amaranth root. Guan Yin Xian Gen
Baijiangdan. Bai Jiang Dan
Acanthopanax senticosus. Ci San Jia
Coptis chinensis. Hu Huang Lian
Grey Guanzhong. Hui Guan Zhong
Camel hair. Luo Tuo Mao
Nanzhugen. Nan Zhu Gen
Bovine liver. Niu Gan
Green leaves of ten thousand years. Wan Nian Qing Ye
Salix mandshurica. Xi He Liu