(Jiayou materia medica)
[synonyms] Equisetum (Mucao Jingshu), raspberry (Shengjing Tongzhi), jiejiecao (a textual research on the names and facts of plants), Jiegu Cao (northeast medicine Zhi), chacao and Wuxin Cao (Shanxi Traditional Chinese medicine Zhi).
[source] the whole plant of Equisetaceae.
[plant morphology] Equisetum
Herbs perennial, more than 50 cm high. The rhizome is short, black, creeping, with dark brown roots on nodes. The stem is tufted, hard, erect, unbranched, cylindric, 4-8 mm in diameter, with articulated nodes and hollow internodes. There are 20-30 longitudinal ribs on the surface of the stem, and each ridge has two rows of verrucous protuberances. The leaves degenerate into scaly, the base united into tubular sheath, the sheath is 6-10 mm long, the base has a dark brown ring, the upper part is light gray, the apex has many brown fine dentate lobes, the lobes are lanceolate conical, the apex is long, sharp, the back center has a shallow groove, the lobes fall early, only in the stem apex and young stem does not fall off. The sporangium spike is at the top of the stem, oblong, 1-1.5 cm long, with a small dark brown tip at the apex. It is composed of many hexagonal shield shaped sporophylls arranged in a round shape. Along the edge of the sporophyll, there are two sporangia, the sporangia are large. Most of the spores are of the same type, spherical in shape, with two filamentous elastase, crisscross in shape. They are wound around the small spores, which can be opened in case of water for reproduction. The sporangium spikes were drawn out from June to August.
It grows in shady and wet places under hillside forests, Riverside wetlands and streams. It likes shady and wet environment and sometimes grows in mixed grassland. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Anhui, Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai and other places.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn, cut the aboveground parts, tie them into small bundles according to the thickness, and dry them in the shade or in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried whole grass is long tubular, hollow, nodal and unbranched. They are 30-60 cm in length, 5 mm in diameter and 3-6 cm in length. The surface is grayish green or yellowish green, with many longitudinal branches, arranged in a straight line, densely covered with fine thorns, and rough when touched. There are tubular dark brown scaly leaves at nodes. Easy to pull out from the joint. It is brittle, easy to break, hollow in cross section, with thin pulp of gray white or light green. No gas, sweet taste, slightly astringent. It is better to have long stem, green color, thick quality and no disjunction.
It is mainly produced in Northeast China, Shaanxi, Hubei and other places.
In Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places, the whole grass of Equisetum gracile (Pennisetum) is still used as Equisetum. See "local rice thief" section.
[processing] wash, moisten, cut off the roots, cut into sections and dry.
[taste] sweet and bitter, flat.
① Jiahu materia medica: "it tastes sweet, slightly bitter and non-toxic. "
② Compendium: "Wen. "
③ Ben Cao Zheng: "the taste is slightly bitter and slightly sweet. "
[channel tropism] entering lung, liver and gallbladder channels.
① "Lei Gong's treatment of medicinal properties": entering the lung meridian. "
② According to the book of Materia Medica, there are two meridians: Jueyin and Shaoyang. "
③ "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "start with three yang meridians. "
Functions and indications: dispelling wind, dissipating heat, dispelling muscle and removing haze. It can be used to treat cloudy and cloudy eyes, tears in the wind, blood in the wind of intestines, dysentery, hepatitis, malaria, sore throat and carbuncle.
① Jiahu materia medica: "the main eye disease, back Yimo.". It can also eliminate the accumulation of lumps, benefit the liver and gallbladder, improve the eyesight, treat the intestinal wind, stop dysentery and keep the water in the moon. "
② "Compendium": "jieji, Zhilei, hemostasis, to rheumatism, colic, colorectal prolapse. "
③ Bencaozheng: "sweating, relieving muscle. Treat typhoid, malaria. Remove rheumatism and disperse fire evil. "
④ "Yucatalpa medicine solution": "flat sore swelling hard, spit wind crazy phlegm saliva. It is used to treat carbuncle, gangrene, purulence, toxin, furuncle, sweat spot, powder residue, red and white in collapse. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: grind and sprinkle.
[should not] those with deficiency of Qi and blood should be taken with caution.
① According to the classic of Materia Medica, it is not his duty to treat eye diseases which are caused by anger, heat, blood, rash, swelling and pain. "
② Ben Cao Hui Yan: "if you take more, it will damage the liver, but not for a long time. "
③ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "it's not appropriate to use it for a long time if it causes eye swelling and blood deficiency. "
[prescription selection] 1. For the treatment of dizziness and tears: one or two pieces of equisetifolia (going to the festival) are used as the end, and they are mashed with sheep's liver as pills. They are eaten in the morning and evening respectively, and then they are given two coins and white soup. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
② Cure eyes faint tears: Equisetum (to Festival), Atractylodes (swill dip) each one or two. For the end, each serving two money, tea withered, or honey pills can also be. (Sheng Hui Fang)
③ For the treatment of wind, cold and dampness, those who want to sweat: one or two pieces of Equisetum, five pieces of ginger and five pieces of scallion. Hot water, namely sweat. (Sheng Hui Fang)
④ Treatment of intestinal wind blood: Equisetum (to Festival, fried) one or two, wood steamed bread (fried), orange (system), Huaijiao (fried), Poria cocos, Schizonepeta tenuifolia each five money. For the end, each serving two money, thick fried jujube soup tune down. (wood thief powder in renzhaizhizhifang)
⑤ Cure blood dysentery more than: Equisetum five money, water fried warm clothes. Take it one day. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑥ Treatment of anal prolapse is not cured over the years: Equisetum is not much, burning, for the end, mixed with the anus, according to it. (sanyingfang)
⑦ Zhiyue water is constant: Equisetum (fried) three money, water one, fried seven minutes, warm clothes. Take it every day. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑧ Treatment of traumatic bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, gynecological bleeding and other bleeding: Equisetum 50%, Phellodendron 20%, motherwort 20%, gallnut 10%. Grind respectively, pass through 120 mesh sieve and mix well. External use: spread the powder on the wound and press it with gauze. Take orally; two grams each time, every four to six hours. (selected materials of new medical treatment of Chinese herbal medicine, Inner Mongolia)
⑨ Treatment of fetal restlessness: Equisetum (to section), chuanxiong, etc. For the end, each service three money, a water, into the honeysuckle a money fried service. (Sheng Ji Zong Lu)
⑩ Treatment of sore throat: fresh equisetifolia mashed juice honey service. (Quanzhou materia medica)
(11) treatment of swollen beriberi, dermatosis nephritis and edema: four cents and five cents of Equisetum, three cents of duckweed, three liang of red beans and six red dates. Fried in water, three times a day. (Modern Practical Chinese Medicine)
(12) treatment of tongue hard bleeding: soak in water and gargle with Equisetum. (Sheng Hui Fang)
His eyes were full of tears. With Equisetum (to Festival), Atractylodes lancea (rice bubble) each one or two, a total of research for the end. Two yuan for each serving, tea is adjusted. Or add honey to make meatballs to swallow.
(14) acute laryngopharyngeal obstruction. Use the wood thief to burn on the fire of cow dung, take one money each time, send it down in cold water, and the blood will be safe when it comes out.
The blood dysentery did not stop. Five bucks with the Equisetum, fried in water, warm clothes. Once a day.
(16) the diarrhea is not enough. Same as above, twice a day.
Hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids. With Equisetum, Fructus aurantii each two, dried ginger one or two, rhubarb two and a half money, together in the pot fried black storage, research fine. Two yuan per serving, corn soup. Very effective.
(18) large intestine prolapse. Use the Equisetum (burning) as the end, apply it to the anus, and put it into the body. Add keel to the medicine.
(19) women's blood collapse. With Equisetum, xiangfuzi each one or two, half a pair of Glauber's salt, a total of research for the end. Each bowl of red wine with three colors, and each bowl of black wine with blood. Take it twice a day. Umbilical pain, plus frankincense, myrrh, angelica each one money with fried. Avoid eating raw cold and hard food and pigs, fish, noodles, etc. The name of this prescription is Lei's Equisetum powder.
The menstruation is not clean. Stir fry three coins with Equisetum, add water to a bowl and fry until 70%. Take it warm once a day.
(21) fetal restlessness. With Equisetum (to section), Ligusticum chuanxiong, etc., divided into the end. Each serve three money, a bowl of water, plus a gold and silver fried clothes.
(22) intestinal hernia. File with Equisetum, stir fry for powder. Boiling soup to serve two money, effective. It can also be served with hot wine.
[clinical application] 1
Equisetum injection, intramuscular injection 2 ml each time, twice a day, half a month as a course of treatment; if there is no adverse reaction, it can be used continuously. 99 cases were treated, 4 cases were cured and 49 cases were markedly effective. The most effective patients were cured after 15 injections, but 70-80 injections were needed. In very few cases, the skin lesions increased and the drug was stopped. No toxic and adverse reactions were found after treatment, and the long-term efficacy remains to be observed.
② Treatment of silicosis
It has a certain effect on improving symptoms. According to the observation of 36 cases, cough, expectoration, asthma, chest pain and palpitation were alleviated or disappeared in varying degrees, but there were no significant changes in chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and pulmonary function examination. Preparation and usage: first class extract: take twice a day, 10ml each time, the daily amount is equivalent to 100g crude drug. Second syrup: 5 ml each time, 10 ml each time after 15-30 days, 3 times a day; the daily dose is equivalent to 37.5-75 g of crude drug, side effects: dry mouth, bowel sounds and other reactions at the beginning of taking medicine, disappear after 15-30 days of continuous taking medicine; three people who took the fluid extract developed facial pigmentation, which may be related to the absorption of chlorophyll residue, and disappear in a short time after stopping taking medicine. In addition, it was found that 17.6% of the cases had some damage to liver function, which may be due to the long time, large dose and no gap in the course of treatment. If you take 75 grams of crude drug flow extract every day, 2 months as a course of treatment, plus liver protection drugs, it may play a role in protecting liver function.
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