(notes on materia medica)
[synonyms] kuilu (Erya), kuilu, Fulei, wawuzi (Shuowen), Hanzi (lingbiaoyi), Fulao (Bencao tujing), xuecang and Maoge (Shandong traditional Chinese Medicine).
[source] it is the flesh of Scapharca subcrenata, Tegillarca granosa and Scapharca subcrenata.
[animal morphology] 1
Shell 2 pieces, thick, oblique oval, extremely expanded, close to spherical. The shell is about 8 cm long and 6 cm wide. The top of the shell is slightly close, the back is slightly obtuse on both sides; the ventral margin is round, the front end is short, and the rear end is extended. The radial ribs are wide, smooth and neat, about 42-48, without obvious nodules. The shell surface is white, covered with brown outer skin and fine hairs; the inner surface of the shell is white, and slightly gray near the top. The margin is thick, with protuberant teeth corresponding to the radial costal groove. The hinged part is straight, and there are about 70 hinged teeth, which are gradually fine from both ends to the center. Both coat mark and adductor mark were obvious. The anterior adductor mark was smaller and nearly round, while the posterior adductor mark was larger and nearly square. The edge of the coat is thick, with folds, and the outside has the same pattern as the edge teeth.
They live in shallow sea sediment. It is distributed along the coast of China.
② Tegillarca granosa
The shell is small and oval. It is about 4.5 cm long and 4 cm wide. There are 18-20 radiating ribs, which are composed of intermittent granular protrusions. There are about 40 hinged teeth.
They live in shallow water and soft mud. They are distributed in coastal areas; they are also cultivated in Shandong, Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong.
③ Scapharca subcrenata
The shell is short, wide and long oval. The two shells are usually unequal, the right shell is smaller, and the two dorsal ends are slightly angular. There are 30-34 radiating ribs on the surface of the shell. There are small nodules on the ribs. It is more obvious on the left shell. There are hairy shell skin on the outside. There are about 50 hinged teeth.
They live in shallow sea sediment. They are distributed in coastal areas.
The shells of the above mentioned animals are also used for medicine. See the special article for details.
[collection] harvesting in spring and autumn.
[chemical composition] the content of water, crude protein, crude fat, ash and glycogen in the meat of Scapharca subcrenata was 82.04%, 15.79%, 0.45%, 1.72% and 1.067%, respectively. Each 100g contains 400 IU of vitamin A, b1-200ug, b2-200ug, 2.5mg of nicotinic acid and 10mg of c-10mg.
Sweet and warm.
① Bielu: "it's sweet, flat and nontoxic. "
② "Shiyi Materia Medica": "cold. "
③ "Pinhui essence": "salty taste, warm nature, non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: tonifying the blood, warming the middle and strengthening the stomach. It is used to treat blood deficiency, pruritus, stomachache, dyspepsia, dysentery and purulent blood.
① "Bielu": "the main Sao Bi Xie dysentery, then pus blood. "
② "Dietotherapy Materia Medica": "moisten five zang organs, treat thirst, open joints. "
③ "Materia medica collection": "it can cure cold air in the heart and abdomen, cool air in the waist and spine, benefit the five internal organs and strengthen the stomach. "
④ "Four tones of Materia Medica": "warm digestion, Yang. "
⑤ "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "yixuese. "
⑥ Yilin zuanyao: "tonifying heart blood, dispersing blood stasis, eliminating vexation and sobering up, breaking knot and eliminating phlegm. "
[taboo] according to the Diet Manual of suixiju: "it should be avoided when it is hot and humid. "
In the classic of Materia Medica, "clam is sweet, warm and nontoxic. "Jing" said: in the lack of, to make up for it. Also known as: the lack of form, warm to the gas. If it is sweet and warm, it can replenish qi and nourish the middle. Then the five zang organs are safe and the stomach qi is healthy. If it is cold and windy, the stomach will be healthy and the food will disappear. If it is warm, the Yang will rise. If it is full of Qi, the blood will bloom. "
Chinese PinYin : Han
greater celandine. Bai Qu Cai
Guimu. Gui Mu
Sweet earth. Gan Tu
Huang quhua. Huang Qu Hua
Sonchus arvensis. Ju Mai Cai Hua
Sanggen. Sang Gen
Lotus root on stone. Shi Shang Ou
fragrant orchid. Shou Can
Stephania capitata (baiyaozi). Tou Hua Qian Jin Teng Bai Yao Zi
Meretrix meretrix. Wen Ha
Webbed fish saliva. Pu Yu Xian
Taro seven. Yu Er Qi