(Chinese medicine and plant records)
[synonyms] xiaoyijian (Diannan materia medica), yizhixiang (a textual research on the name and reality of plants), tuerfeng and maoerfeng (herbal formula), Wufeng automatic herb (Tianbao materia medica revised and supplemented), tiedifeng (Guangxi Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine plant), yizhuxiang and Baimei (Nanning medicinal records), yizhicao and tiedixiao (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine), badixiang (Guiyang folk herbal medicine) Four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs, four kinds of herbs.
[source] it is the whole plant of the Compositae Plant Eupatorium.
[plant morphology] Eupatorium
Perennial herbs. The rhizome is thick and woolly. Leaves basal, somewhat stipitate, oblong to ovate, 5-8 cm long, apex rounded, base cuneate, entire, hairy when young, often bald when old, densely woolly below. Flower stems 15-30 cm long, sometimes up to 40 cm long, woolly, especially at the top, terminal head; involucre 16-18 mm long, base narrow, bracts linear lanceolate, 2-layered, woolly; flowers miscellaneous; marginal ligulate flowers, female, white, 2-lipped, outer lip elongated, 3-toothed, inner lip small, 2-cleft, stigma 2-cleft; central tubular flowers, bisexual, corolla upper also 2-lipped, outer lip 3-lobed, inner lip 2-cleft; stamens 5, connective. Achenes linear lanceolate, ribbed, corolla reddish. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from August to September.
Born in sunny land, hillside, roadside, field side. It is distributed in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Sichuan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Yunnan and other places.
The roots and rhizomes of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] harvest, wash and dry in summer.
[herbal medicine] the dry whole grass has shrunken leaves at the base, which are oblong or oval after expansion. The leaves are dark brown on the surface, brown on the back and covered with yellow white woolly hairs. The quality is very fragile, sometimes there is a brown flower in the leaves, and the pedicel is hollow. The root of the whole grass in the rhizome clumps, most of the slender fibrous roots, up to 11 cm long, brown gray appearance, crisp, yellow white cross-section. It tastes astringent. It is better to be dry, more leaves and less broken.
Produced in Sichuan, Guangdong, Guangxi and other places.
[flavor] bitter, pungent and smooth.
① Tianbao materia medica: "Xin, Wen. "
② Guangxi Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it tastes bitter, slightly sweet and pungent, has a flat nature and is non-toxic. "
[meridian tropism] 1. Sichuan records of traditional Chinese medicine: "entering the liver and lung meridians. "
② "Mindong Materia Medica": "into the spleen, kidney, bladder three channels. "
Functions and indications: it can promote lung circulation, relieve cough, perspire, promote diuresis, activate Qi and blood circulation. It is used to treat cold, cough, asthma, edema, fullness, dysuria, food accumulation in children, amenorrhea in women, traumatic injury, carbuncle, sores and bleeding.
① Textual research on the names and facts of plants: "treating food accumulation in children. "
② "Classified herbal medicine nature": "dispersing cold, treating cough and rheumatism. "
③ "Tianbao Materia Medica": "treating carbuncle and gangrene, hair on the back. "
④ "The collection of commonly used folk herbal medicines" is composed of "dispersing lung qi, sweating, dispersing cold and wind, relieving cough and asthma, stopping pertussis". "
⑤ Jiangxi folk herbal medicine: "migraine, toothache; children with high fever, thirst, acute convulsion, decoction.". Tamp the sore on the affected area. "
⑥ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it can treat Yin deficiency and leucorrhea, and the dream is delicate and smooth, and the face is floating.". And external application of Ba bone flow phlegm. "
⑦ "Mindong Materia Medica": "removing dampness, promoting Qi, promoting diuresis, dredging meridians and breaking blood stasis. Treatment of edema, fullness, hernia, falling, yellow fat, amenorrhea, food accumulation, waist and crotch pain, urinary obstruction. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-5 yuan (1-2 Liang fresh). External use: tamping.
[selection of prescriptions] 1. For the treatment of cold and cough: two dollars for rabbit ear wind and two dollars for Saxifraga. Take the fried water once.
② Cure cough asthma: rabbit ear wind one or two, steam honey to eat.
③ Treatment of two lung carbuncle in rabbits. Half water and half wine. (1) the following prescription is Guiyang folk herbs.)
④ Treatment of edema: Sargassum, phidigiao, brown sugar each one or two, wine four Liang. On the two drugs, with two bowls of water fried into a bowl, and then add sugar wine stew service. One dose daily for three days.
⑤ Treat urethritis urinate drench blood: fresh hair big Ding grass one or two. Wash and fry the soup, rinse the rock sugar, take it twice a day.
⑥ Cure dysentery: two pairs of fresh Sargassum (dry one or two), two bowls of water fried into eight, sugar or honey, oral before meals, take three times. (4) Fang Xiachu's "Mindong Materia Medica"
⑦ Treatment of qi stagnation stomach hospital pain: Sargassum five money to one or two. Fried in water or boiled with water.
⑧ Treatment of wind cold diarrhea: Sargassum five money to one or two. Take it in water.
⑨ Treatment of rheumatic edema: fresh Sargassum 1 to 22. Take it in water. (7) Fujian Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
⑩ Treatment of infantile malnutrition: clover three money, with a chicken liver or pig liver two, add water decoction, to medicine, eat liver and soup. (Jiangxi folk herbal medicine)
(11) treatment of traumatic injuries: five to one or two dollars for Sargassum tomentosum. Fried in water, mixed with liqueur. (Mindong materia medica)
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