[synonym] barley tiller (theory of medicinal properties), wheat tiller (rihuazi materia medica), barley hair (Diannan materia medica), barley malt (materia medica Huiyan).
[source] barley caryopsis. Plant morphology is detailed in "barley".
[method] soak the barley with water, take it out and put it in the basket, cover it with pubao, sprinkle water frequently, and take it out to dry when the bud is 3-5mm long.
The fruit is fusiform, 8-12 mm long and 2.5-3.5 mm in diameter. There are about 3 mm long yellowish brown buds at the upper end, a few fibrous roots at the lower end, slender and curved, 0.2-2.0 cm long, a few without fibrous roots. The surface is yellow or yellowish brown, the back is surrounded by lemma, with 5 veins, the ventral surface is surrounded by lemma, with 1 ventral sulcus. Peel off the palea and palea. The pericarp is yellowish, membranous, thin seed coat and hard to separate from pericarp. There is a long oval embryo at the base of the back, yellowish white, 3-5mm long, and a brown longitudinal groove at the center of the abdomen. The endosperm is large, milky white and powdery. No gas, slightly sweet taste. It is better to have yellow color, big and plump grains and complete buds.
It is produced all over the world.
[chemical composition] malt contains amylase, invertase, vitamin B, fat, phospholipid, dextrin, maltose, glucose, etc.
[pharmacological action] malt contains digestive enzyme and vitamin B, which is helpful for digestion.
[processing] stir fry the malt: stir fry the malt in the pot until yellow, take out and let cool. Scorched malt: stir fry until scorched yellow, spray with water, take out and dry.
Sweet and mild.
① "On medicinal properties": "sweet taste, non-toxic. "
② "Tang Ye Ben Cao": "temperature, sweet and salty taste, non-toxic. "
③ "Materia medica re new": "sweet taste, flat nature, non-toxic. "
[channel tropism] entering spleen and stomach channels.
① "Lei Gong processed medicine solution": into the spleen, stomach two channels. "
② "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "enter the foot Taiyin, Yangming, hand Yangming. "
[function indications] Xiaoshi, Hezhong, Xiaqi. The treatment of food accumulation, abdominal distension, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea, breast distension.
① "Theory of medicinal properties": "digest the food, break the air conditioning, and relieve the fullness of the heart. "
② Qianjin Shizhi: "Xiaoshi Hezhong, aomo make red and black, daozuo, zhixieli, and qingyizhi, take it three days and one night. "
③ Rihuazi materia medica: "warming the middle of the body, lowering Qi, appetizing, stopping cholera, eliminating vexation, eliminating phlegm, breaking knots, can give birth to abortion. "
④ "Medical Qiyuan": "tonifying spleen and stomach deficiency, widening intestines and stomach, stir frying yellow, take noodles to use. "
⑤ "Diannan Materia Medica" said: "it can relieve the middle and lower Qi, stop vomiting, eliminate persistent food, stop swallowing acid and vomiting acid, stop diarrhea, eliminate stomach and wide diaphragm, and treat women's milk. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 3-5 yuan; or into pills, powder.
[taboo] 1. According to eating materia medica: "long time eating can eliminate kidney, don't eat more. "
② Tang Ye Ben Cao: "cardamom, shuosha, papaya, Paeonia lactiflora, wumaizi, Wumei are its envoys. "
③ According to the book of Materia Medica, it is not suitable for those who have no stagnation and deficiency of spleen and stomach. "
④ Bencaozheng: "women with pregnancy should not take more. "
⑤ "Drug Huayi": "all phlegm fire asthma and pregnant women, must not be used. "
[formula selection] ① fast diaphragm eating: four Liang malt, two liang Shenqu, one or two Baizhu and one or two tangerine peel. For the end, steamed cake pill Wuzi big. Each person took three or fifty pills of ginseng soup. (compendium)
② Treatment of postpartum abdominal distention, not turn, shortness of breath, restlessness: Wheat tiller one, at the end, and wine to take, a long time through turn. (hand collection of Ministry of war)
③ It's very tiresome for people to lie down when they are full of food. When they want to lie down, they often eat very much: one liter of barley tillers, one or two peppers (boiled together), and three liang of dried ginger. At the end of the smash, every square inch dagger is taken, three or four times a day. (behind the elbow)
④ Treatment of postpartum fever, milk barrier and swelling, no child when the consumer: Wheat tiller two liang, fried, grind fine powder. Adjust the clear soup to make four clothes. (Danxi Xinfa)
[clinical application] in the treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis
Take the young roots of barley germinated at low temperature (about 0.5cm in length), dry them and grind them to make syrup for oral use, 10ml each time (containing 15g of malt powder), three times a day, after meals. In addition, yeast or compound vitamin B tablets should be added appropriately. Generally take 30 days as a course of treatment, and then take another course of treatment. 161 cases were treated, 108 cases were effective, 53 cases were ineffective, the effective rate was 67.1%. Among them, 56 cases were acute hepatitis, 48 cases were effective; 105 cases were chronic hepatitis, 60 cases were effective. After taking the medicine, liver pain, anorexia, fatigue, hypothermia and other symptoms were improved in varying degrees, especially for the elimination of anorexia. In most of the effective cases, the enlargement of liver was reduced in varying degrees, and the transaminase was also decreased in varying degrees. After taking the medicine, a few patients had dry mouth, bitter mouth, irritability, diarrhea and other side effects. The long-term effect needs to be observed.
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