[synonyms] cochlear fence (bielu), Shiluo (the collection of Materia Medica), cochlear oyster (compendium).
[source] it is the whole body of Bellamya quadrata or other animals of the same genus.
[animal morphology] Bellamya quadrata, also known as Bellamya quadrata.
The shell is cone-shaped, hard and thick, about 3cm high, with 7 layers of spirochetes at the top of the shell, deep sutures and slightly larger body spirochetes; the shell surface is yellowish brown or dark brown, with obvious growth lines and thick spirochetes. The calyx is ovoid with intact margin. Horny, yellowish brown, ovoid, smooth, with concentric ring arrangement of growth lines. The body is soft, the head is cylindrical, and the front end has a prominent muzzle; there is a pair of antennae at the base of the mouth, and there is a raised eye on the outside of the base of each antennae. The foot is located under the head, with large shape and broad plantar surface. The head and foot can be retracted into the shell. After retraction, the shell will be closed.
They live in rivers, lakes, ponds and paddy fields, and mostly inhabit in the bottom with more humus. It feeds on the epidermis of algae and other plants. It is distributed in most parts of the country.
The old shell of this animal (white snail shell) is also used for medicine. See special article for details.
Sweet and cold.
① Bielu: "it tastes sweet and nontoxic. "
② Materia medica: cold. "
③ Ben Cao Hui Yan: "it tastes sweet and slightly bitter, cold and poisonous. "
[Guijing] yuluo Yaojie: "enter the Taiyang bladder meridian. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, promoting diuresis and improving eyesight. Treatment of jaundice, edema, drenching, thirst, dysentery, eye red Yizhang, hemorrhoids, swelling and poison.
① Bielu: "master the eye.". "
② In the collection of materia medica: "the juice is the master of eyesight, and the water is in the water. "
③ Daily use materia medica: "detoxify heat toxin, treat alcohol jaundice, benefit small water, eliminate sore and swelling. "
④ "The second meal is about to go": "treat liver Qi heat, quench thirst. "
⑤ "Compendium": "sober up, relieve fever, promote urination and defecation, eliminate jaundice and edema. Treatment of nausea, dysentery, anal prolapse, hemorrhoids and leakage. "
⑥ "Yucatalpa medicine solution" says: "clear gold, benefit water, discharge dampness and remove heat. It can cure swelling, beriberi, jaundice, drenching, thirst, scabies, scrofula, ophthalmopathy, prolapse, hemorrhoids, fistula, dysentery, and all kinds of swelling. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: boiled food, fried soup or mashed juice drink. External use: tamping.
[taboo] 1. In the book of Materia Medica, there are cold drinks in the stomach, long-term diarrhea in the abdomen, cold and persistent hernia, or long-term ulceration and carbuncle without convergence, so it is not suitable to eat. "
② Yao Kecheng's food materia medica: "eating too much makes one suffer from abdominal pain. "
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of jaundice and alcoholic jaundice: small snails are fed to remove soil and drink juice every day. (Yonglei qianfang)
② For the treatment of jaundice and hematemesis, the body is yellow after the disease, and the hematemesis becomes a basin. All kinds of drugs have no effect: Ten snails, remove the mud with water, mash the dew overnight, and take it two or three times at five o'clock. (Xiao Shan Guai Zheng Fang)
Carnivorous treatment: five treatments, three turbid snail, one shell of shell, stir fry in the pot, and boil the three bowls of good Baijiu, cook to a bowl, pick the snail to pick the meat, and still drink it under the wine. (Fu Shou Jing Fang)
④ White wind swelling treatment: snail meat into a little salt, mud paste. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑤ Cure pox rash eye Yi: boiled snails often eat. (Ji Ji Xian Fang)
[famous treatise] Ben Cao Hui Yan: "snail is a medicine for relieving alcohol and heat, eliminating jaundice, clearing fire eyes and benefiting small intestine. Gu Rulin said: this cold, good solution to all heat miasma, due to wind, due to dryness, due to fire, take effect very quickly. But can boil hot, pick out the shell, with oil sauce pepper leek wither and food, not miscellaneous medicine. "
Chinese PinYin : Luo Si
Faeces root. Gou Shi Hua Gen
Insect shoot. Chong Sun
Zizania latifolia. Duo Rui She Gu
Cichorium bracteatum. Juan Mao Ju
Rice bran. Mi Pi Kang
Seven leaf gall. Qi Ye Dan
Double flying butterfly. Shuang Fei Hu Die
Pelican lipid. Ti Hu Zhi You
Smilax glabra 1. Tu Fu Ling
Sorrow in blood. Xue Jian Chou
Liparis. Yang Er Suan
Pearl umbrella. Zhen Zhu San