(folk herbs of Science)
[synonym] lingdangcao (manual of common Chinese herbal medicine in Qinghai) and Ma Xing Cao (medical records of Hunan).
[source] it is the leaf of Hyoscyamus scopoleatus, a solanaceous plant. The plant morphology is detailed in "tianxianzi".
[collection] harvest and dry at the beginning of summer.
[herbal medicine] most of the dried leaves are shrunk and broken. The intact ones are long ovate or triangular ovate, about 26 cm in length and 10 cm in width. The leaf tip is sharp, the leaf margin is irregular and pinnate. The lobes are triangular, black green on the top, light gray green on the bottom, densely hairy, and more hairy on the main vein. The substance secreted by glandular hairs is adhesive when the leaves are not very dry. The leaves are green, hairy, dry and free of impurities.
[chemical constituents] the leaves of scopolamine contain 20% ash and 0.045-0.14% total alkaloids, among which the main components are amantadine, scopolamine and atropine, and another bitter glycoside is amantadine.
[nature and taste] selected Chinese herbal medicines of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai: "bitter, cold and poisonous. "
[function indications] analgesia, spasmolysis. Treat stomachache, toothache, tracheitis, cough and asthma.
① Li Chenghu's pharmacognosy: "sedation, analgesia. Used for cough, wheezing and toothache caused by bronchial diseases. It can also be used as anesthetics and hypnotics. "
② "It's an analgesic for cystitis and gonorrhea. It can be used together with cathartic to prevent upper colic. "
③ "Northeast medicine Zhi": "treat stomachache, neuralgia, asthma, etc. "
④ "Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine": "analgesia, spasmolysis, antidiarrhea, treatment of tracheitis, cough, asthma. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: grind powder, 3-5% to make tincture and extract. Flow extract or mix into tobacco to smoke.
[selection] 1. Treatment of tracheitis: anisodamine leaf, three needles and Vajra bone are divided into three parts. Take one point and five percent at a time. (Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine)
② Treatment of cough and asthma in the elderly: a little anisodamine leaves, mixed with tobacco smoke. (Inner Mongolia Chinese herbal medicine)
③ Treatment of toothache: anisodamine leaves a little, mixed with tobacco, smoking (tobacco) with mouth. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicines in Heilongjiang)
Chinese PinYin : Lang Dang Ye
Haifengteng. Hai Feng Teng
Conodont herb. Guan Guo Cao
Chicken blood plum. Ji Xue Li
Pulsatilla macrophylla. Da Ye Bai Tou Weng
Bamboo shoots. Dan Zhu Sun
Carmichael. Ka Mi
Spatholobus KUNMINGENSIS. Kun Ming Ji Xue Teng Gen
Malus. Lin Qin
Beef intestines. Niu Chang
Donkey bone. Shan Lv Gu
Stone Butterfly. Shi Hu Die
Wo Er Qi. Wo Er Qi