(supplement to materia medica)
[synonym] radish (rihuazi materia medica).
[source] it is the mature seed of Raphanus sativus. Plant morphology "Raphani" strip.
[collection] when the seeds are mature in summer and autumn, the whole plant is cut and dried in the sun. The seeds are rubbed out to remove impurities and dried in the sun.
[medicinal material] the dried seeds are oval or suborbicular and slightly flat, about 3 mm long and 2.5 mm wide. The surface is reddish brown, with several longitudinal grooves on one side and a hilum on one end. All of them had dense reticulation. Hard, yellow white or yellow kernels can be seen after breaking; oily. Odorless, sweet and slightly pungent. It is better to have large, full and oily grains.
All over the country; mainly produced in Hebei, Henan, Zhejiang, Heilongjiang and other places.
[chemical constituents] the seed contains fatty oil and volatile oil. The volatile oil contains methyl mercaptan, etc. Fatty oil contains erucic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid and erucic acid glyceride. It also contains antibacterial substance called sulforaphane.
[pharmacological action] 1
Semen Raphani contains antibacterial substances, and its effective component is sulforaphane. At the concentration of 1 mg / ml, it has a significant inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus and Escherichia coli, and can affect the germination of various plant seeds. Later, a kind of oil was isolated from Raphani seed, called "sulforaphen". 1% concentration of sulforaphen can resist the growth of Streptococcus, pyococcus, pneumococcus, Escherichia coli, etc. Some people think that the two may be the same substance
② Antifungal effect
In vitro, semen Raphani aqueous extract (1:3) had inhibitory effect on six kinds of skin fungi, such as Trichophyton concentric.
③ Other functions
The extract of the mutant, fed to rats for a long time, can interfere with the synthesis of thyroxine
[toxicity] sulforaphane has slight toxicity to mice and isolated frog heart.
[processing] semen Raphani: remove impurities, rinse the soil, take out, dry in the sun, and mash when used. Fried radish seed: remove the radish seed, put it in the pot, stir fry it gently until it is slightly puffed up, with aroma as the degree, take it out and let it cool.
[flavor] sweet and pungent.
① "Diannan Materia Medica" is warm in nature and pungent in taste. "
② "Gangmu": "Xin Gan, Ping, non-toxic. "
③ "Yucatalpa medicine solution": "Xin, re. "
④ "Zhongshen Xilu of medicine": "raw use is slightly pungent in taste and warm in nature; fried use is warm in nature. "
[channel tropism] entering lung and stomach channels.
① "Diannan Materia Medica": "entering the spleen and lung meridians. "
② "Medicine Huayi": entering the spleen and stomach meridian. "
③ Ben Cao Zai Xin: "entering the liver and lung meridians. "
[function indications] Xiaqi Dingchuan, Xiaoshi Huatan. It is used to treat cough, phlegm and asthma, food retention and qi stagnation, chest tightness and abdominal distension, and severe diarrhea.
① "Rihuazi Materia Medica": "water research and taking, spitting wind phlegm: vinegar research and detumescence poison. "
② "Daily use Materia Medica": "treat jaundice and skin, eyes yellow as gold, small water hot red. "
③ "Diannan Materia Medica": "lower Qi and wide middle, eliminate swelling, reduce phlegm, calm roar and asthma, attack intestines and stomach stagnation, treat swelling and abdominal pain. "
④ "The compendium of medical science and technology" says: "Xiaqi Dingchuan, zhitan, Xiaoshi, chuzhang, Lixie, zhiqitong, Shigella after heavy, hair rash. "
⑤ Yilin zuanyao: "Shengyong, vomit wind and phlegm, widen chest diaphragm, support sore rash; heat usage, lower Qi and eliminate phlegm, attack hard and accumulate, heavy after treatment. "
⑥ New materia medica: "resolving phlegm and eliminating wind, dispelling pathogenic factors and sweating. "
⑦ "Suixiju diet spectrum": "treat phlegm, cough, asthma, wheezing, head wind, drowning, and take tonic by mistake. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1.5-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: grind and apply.
[should not] the patients with Qi deficiency should take it carefully.
Ben Cao Cong Xin: "if you are weak, it is difficult to breathe. "
[prescription selection] 1. For the treatment of cough, phlegm, shortness of breath, and blood abscess in saliva in the past few years: the combination of semen Raphani, research, decoction, and food. (heart mirror of food medicine)
② Treatment of pertussis: white radish seeds, baked, ground fine powder. Take a little sugar water several times a day. (Jiangxi traditional Chinese medicine (12): 1963)
③ Treatment of dyspnea and phlegm, in case of thick taste: radish Taojing, steamed, sun research, ginger juice soaked steamed cake pill, mung bean big. Take 30 pills each time, swallow it by mouth, three times a day. (Fu Zi's medical integration Qingjin pill)
④ Treatment of cough, Qi against phlegm: purple perilla, white mustard, radish. Wash each of the three flavors, stir fry them, smash them, put them in small bags of raw silk, and cook them for soup. With the sweet order, on behalf of the tea sipping, not suffering. (San Zi Yang Qin Tang in Han Shi Yi Tong)
⑤ Cure all food accumulation: Shancha 62, Shenqu 22, Pinellia ternata, Poria cocos each 32, tangerine peel, forsythia, radish each 12. The top is the end, and the pancake balls are as big as Wuzi. Every time you take seven or eighty pills, you can eat far and drink white soup. (Baohe Pill in Danxi Xinfa)
⑥ Treatment of Qi distention and Qi heave: radish seed, research, filter juice with water, soak and shrink sand for one or two, one night, fry dry, soak and fry again, seven times as the end. One yuan per meter. (Zhu Shi Ji Yi Fang)
⑦ Cure dysentery has accumulation, after heavy impassability: radish seed five money, white peony three money, rhubarb one money, Muxiang five points. Take it in water. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
⑧ The secret of wind and Qi: Radish (fried), water, and Gleditsia powder. (Shouyu shenfang)
⑨ Cure apoplexy mouth is quiet: Turnip seed, tooth Gleditsia each two money. Take it with water and take it with vomit. (Zhu Zhenheng)
⑩ Treatment of wind headache and migraine: radish seed half, ginger juice half. On the phase and research very fine, wring juice, into a little musk, drops in the nose twitch, migraine with the left and right use. (Puji Fang)
(11) treatment of children's bowel pain: stir fry radish, grind. It's half a dollar for the frankincense soup. (ren Zhai direct visit)
(12) treatment of toothache: 27 radish seeds, remove the red skin and grind carefully. For example, the toothache on the right side is located in the middle of the left nose. (Sheng Hui Fang)
Treatment of traumatic injury, blood stasis pain: semen Raphani, raw research rotten, hot wine transfer application. (Fang Mai Zheng Zong)
Zhu Zhenheng: "semen Raphani has the function of pushing the wall and falling the wall in the treatment of phlegm. "
② "Compendium": "the work of semen Raphani is good at benefiting qi. The effect of promoting Qi is to raise the energy of life and lower the energy of maturity, to raise the energy of life, to spit wind and phlegm, to disperse wind and cold, to develop sore and rash, to lower the energy of life, to settle phlegm, asthma and cough, to regulate the severity of dysentery, and to stop internal pain. "
③ "The classic of Materia Medica" says: "semen Raphani is more pungent than the root, so the power of ascending and descending is stronger than the root. "
④ New edition of materia medica: "radish seed can cure asthma, but the ancients used it in ginseng, but it worked like a God. Ginseng is originally a medicine for relieving asthma and distension. Semen Raphani is the best solution for ginseng. How can it be used together? Madam Shen ' If radish is used to make ginseng, it will not increase asthma, but only get the benefit of eliminating asthma. Or ask radish for ginseng, but it's useless to use radish. This does not know the radish, but does not know the ginseng. When ginseng gets radish seeds, it is more effective. It will be hard to cover ginseng and replenish qi. It is not a symptom of asthma. If radish seeds are used to replenish qi, it will be easy to get Qi. It is more than radish seeds to calm Qi, but not the deficiency of Qi. It is not ginseng to calm Qi, it is not ginseng to hurt Qi. "
⑤ According to Zhongshen Xilu of medicine, "semen Raphani, whether raw or fried, can relieve depression and distension, which is the product of transforming Qi, not the product of breaking Qi. If you take the medicine of regulating qi for a long time, it will not hurt your qi. The fried semen Raphani is the last. You can take qianxu after every meal, so that you can eat well and turn it around without hurting your qi. If it is used to remove mankaiyu, and supplemented by Shenqi and Shuzhu, although it is often taken for a long time, how can it hurt Qi. "
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