Balsam pear leaf
(materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
[source] the leaves of balsam pear, a Cucurbitaceae plant, are described in the section "balsam pear".
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn.
[chemical constituents] fresh leaves contain momordicin.
[pharmacological action] momordicin may be cantaloupe. The latter has two isomers. β - cantaloupe is a strong water-based laxative (α - isomer has no such effect). It is insoluble in water and slightly soluble in alcohol. It tastes bitter. It has been used in patients with nephritis to eliminate edema, but the dosage should not be too large and the application times should not be too many
[function indications] it is used to treat stomachache, dysentery, sores, swelling and poison.
① Li Chenghu's medicinal botany: "it can cure stomachache, diarrhea and expel insects. "
② Lu Chuan's materia medica: "treating infantile fetal toxicity. "
③ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "external application or external washing of red swelling sore poison. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 Liang (fresh); or grind. External use: decocting, washing, tamping or dressing
[prescription selection] 1. It is intolerable to treat the pain of toxin: the leaves of balsam pear are dried in the sun and ground, and the wine is given to take three coins. (Quanzhou materia medica)
② Treatment of heat toxin sore swelling: bitter melon leaves mash juice to wipe the affected area. (Quanzhou materia medica)
③ Treatment of poplar mold sore: bitter gourd leaves for the end, under the ash free wine. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
④ Dog bite: balsam pear leaf tamping. (Lu Chuan Ben Cao)
⑤ Rule goose palm wind: first with bitter gourd leaf Decoction wash, then with rice bran oil coated. (Fuzhou Taijiang prescription Collection)
Chinese PinYin : Ku Gua Ye
Balsam pear leaf
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