[synonyms] tea, Qi (the book of songs), tea grass, Xuan (the book of songs), Youdong (bielu), yekuma (Puji Fang), Qingcai, zikucai (Diannan materia medica), Viola (pinhuijingyao), chicory, Ixeris, tianxiangcai (compendium), laoyakuixi (yilinzhuanyao), diankucai, Ixeris (a textual research on the name of plants).
[source] it is the whole plant of Gesneriaceae.
[plant morphology] Gesneriaceae (compendium)
Herbs annual to biennial, 50-100 cm high. Stem erect, hollow, with milk; base glabrous, apex and upper part or with sparse glandular hairs. Leaves alternate; oblong oblong broadly lanceolate, 15-28 cm long, 3-6 cm wide, feathering or violin feathering, margin with irregular spines; basal leaves with short stalks, upper leaves sessile, auricular amplexicaul. Inflorescences several, terminal, ca. 2 cm in diameter. Involucral bract cylindric, 12-15 mm long, with exfoliative silky hairs at the base, inner bract linear lanceolate, apex sharp, with sparse long hairs; flowers all ligulate, yellow; stamens 5; ovary inferior, style slender, stigma 2-cleft. Achene obovate elliptic, flat, each side in addition to 3 obvious longitudinal lines, and there are rough horizontal lines, red brown after maturity. The hair is white and soft. The flowering period is from April to June.
It grows on roadsides and fields and distributes in most areas of China.
The roots, flowers and seeds of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[chemical constituents and pharmacological effects] the whole herb (produced in Australia) contains anti-tumor components. On the 6th day after sarcoma-37 was inoculated into the thigh muscle of mice, the acid extract of Sophora flavescens was injected subcutaneously. After 6-8 hours, the mice were killed. Visible damage (bleeding, necrosis, etc.) could be seen by naked eye and microscope.
① Ben Jing: "it tastes bitter and cold. "
② Bielu: "non toxic. "
[Guijing] 1. Bencao Jingshu: "entering the heart, spleen and stomach. "
② "Seeking truth from Materia Medica": enter the heart, stomach and large intestine. "
[function indications] heat clearing, blood cooling and detoxification. For dysentery, jaundice, haemorrhage, hemorrhoids, fistula, emphysema, snake bite.
① "Ben Jing" says: "the main five accumulation of evil Qi, tired of Valley stomach Bi. "
② Bielu: "treating intestines? Thirst, disease in heat, sores. It is resistant to cold and hunger. "
③ "Snake's herbal application". "
④ "Ben Cao Yan Yi": "the white milk comes out of the fold, and often the rash comes down from the spot. "
⑤ "Diannan Materia Medica": "cool blood and heat, cold stomach, hair belly, abdominal accumulation, benefit urination. "
⑥ In the compendium of Materia Medica, it is said that "to improve the eyesight, all kinds of dysentery should be controlled.". "
⑦ "Gangmu": "treatment of haemorrhoids and fistula. "
⑧ Yilin zuanyao: "Xiexin Jieshu, qure Chufan, Tongru. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decocting soup, beating juice or grinding powder. External use: mash juice or fry water fumigation.
[taboo] 1. In the classic of materia medica: "it should be avoided when the spleen and stomach are deficient and cold. "
② According to the diet chart of suixiju: "do not eat honey together. "
[selected formula] ① for liver cirrhosis: one or two herbs of Vallisneria and Oxalis respectively. Stewed with pork. (Jiangxi)
② Treatment of snake miasma: wild bitter horse juice, wick (soaked for a long time, twist its end). And friends. (Puji Fang)
③ Treatment of chronic tracheitis: a jin of bitter vegetables, 20 jujubes. Saute the bitter herbs, boil the jujube with the decocting liquid, take out the jujube skin, and boil the remaining liquid into paste. Take a spoonful of ointment in the morning and a piece of jujube in the evening. (selected materials of new Chinese herbal medicine in Inner Mongolia)
④ Treatment of infantile malnutrition: one or two bitter herbs, stewed with pig liver. (Jiangxi)
⑤ Treatment of mouth sores: Wild Ixeris juice for one hour, into a spoonful of ginger juice, wine and clothing to residue application. (Tang Yao experience prescription)
⑥ Treatment of pot bee sting: apply bitter vegetable juice. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑦ Treatment of women's breast swelling pain: Purple sowthistle pound juice fried, water wine service. (materia medica of Southern Yunnan)
Chinese PinYin : Ku Cai
Golden old plum. Jin Lao Mei Hua
Goose tube stone. E Guan Shi
Herba siegesbeckii. Hong Cao
Rosa Rosa. Qiang Wei Lu
Earthworm weed. Qiu Ju Cao
Potentilla trilobata. San Ye Wei Ling Cai Gen
Sapium sebiferum leaves. Shan Wu Jiu Ye
To shoot. She Wang
Clematis. Tie Xian Cao
Double leaf lotus. Zhong Ye Lian
Zhuhuang 1. Zhu Huang
Bauhinia. Zi Jing Hua