(collection of compendium)
[source] the leaves of jute, an oak plant.
[plant morphology] jute, also known as Luoma, niuniti, sanzhucao and tianzisu.
Annual herb, 1-2m high, glabrous. Leaves ovate lanceolate or lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 2-5 cm wide, base rounded, apex acuminate, margin coarsely serrate, the lowest 2 teeth elongate into caudate lobes; petiole 1-3.5 cm long; stipules linear, about 5-8 mm long. Flowers small, several in leaf pus, pedicel very short; sepals 5, lavender; petals 5, yellow; stamens numerous, ovary 5-locular. Capsule globose, about 1 cm in diameter, without beak at the top, with longitudinal ribs, wrinkles and verrucous processes, 5-valved at maturity. It blooms in summer. The fruit period is from October to November.
Native to Southeast Asia; widely cultivated in southern provinces of China.
The root and seed of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] collected in summer and autumn.
[chemical constituents] the leaves contain jute glycoside, cyanidin monosaccharide, β - sitosterol, β - sitosterol D-glucoside, and bitter jute ketone, jute alcohol and jute glucoside. Jute glucoside is the glucoside of jute aglycone. In addition, it contains 0.4% KCl and a small amount of glucose, galactose and arabinose.
The skin contains petuniacin monosaccharide and cyanidin monosaccharide.
[nature and taste] ① modern practical Chinese medicine: "bitter, warm, non-toxic. "
② Lu Chuan's materia medica: "it tastes light and slightly bitter, and has a flat nature. "
Functions and indications: regulate qi, stop bleeding, discharge pus and generate muscle. Treatment of abdominal pain, dysentery, blood collapse, carbuncle.
① "Gangmu Shiyi": "treatment of Qi syndrome, heartache, stomachache, dysentery, pimple knot. "
② "Modern practical Chinese medicine": treating uterine bleeding. "
③ "Lu Chuan's materia medica:" discharge pus and promote muscle growth. For the treatment of ulcers, carbuncles and pustules. "
[usage and dosage] oral; decoction, 2-3 yuan. External use: tamping.
[prescription selection] ① treatment of blood avalanche: mash jute leaves with roots, fry in wine for one night, then take it in the morning. (collected prescriptions of Nian Xi Yao)
② Treatment of abdominal pain, dysentery: fresh jute leaf five money to one or two. Take it in water. (Jiangxi herbal medicine manual)
Chinese PinYin : Huang Ma Ye
Release Time:2022-01-27 02:47:51
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