(dietotherapy materia medica)
[synonyms] Shui jiao (waitai), Niu jiao (Ben Cao Tu Jing), Hai Xi Jiao (Gang Mu), Guang Jiao and gelatin (Ben Jing Feng Yuan).
[source] glue boiled from the skin of cattle. See "beef" for details.
[preparation method] cut the dried cattle hide into small cubes, soak it in clean water for 2 days, often stir and change the water until the cattle hide is soft, wash and take it out. Put it into a copper pot, add about 5 times the amount of clean water, heat it to make it boil slowly, add water at any time, filter the clear liquid every 24 hours, repeat this for 3 times, precipitate all the filtrate with alum, pour the clear juice, then put it into a copper pot, heat and concentrate it until it does not melt on the filter paper, add rice wine or rock sugar and other auxiliary materials to collect the glue, pour it into the glue pan, wait until it is cold, cut it into small pieces, and air dry.
[chemical composition] when the cattle hide is boiled with water for a long time, the collagen in the skin changes into gelatin. The collagen of cattle hide contains 18.6% nitrogen and some sugars. The total amount of 100000 grams contains amino acids with molecular numbers of glycine 863, alanine 107, valine 20, leucine + isoleucine 43, proline 131, hydroxyproline 107, phenylalanine 15, tyrosine 5, serine 32, threonine 19, methionine 5, arginine 49, histidine 5, lysine 31, hydroxylysine 7 and aspartic acid Acid 47, glutamate 77. After changing to yellow gelatin, the nitrogen content was 18.0%, and the molecular number of amino acids in 100000 g was glycine 359, alanine 105, valine 28, leucine 28, isoleucine 14, proline 129, hydroxyproline 111, phenylalanine 15, tyrosine 6, serine 30, threonine 19, methionine 6, arginine 49, histidine 5, lysine 32, hydroxylysine 7, aspartate 51, and glutamine Compared with the control above, the composition of collagen and gelatin also changed slightly, but both of them did not contain cystine and cysteine. The significant difference in properties was that collagen was insoluble in water and gelatin was soluble in water. Gelatin also contains a small amount of calcium, which is mainly added in the process of degreasing with lime.
[nature and taste] 1. In the compendium, it is sweet, flat and non-toxic. "
② Ben Cao Hui Yan: "sweet, astringent. "
[meridian tropism] entering lung and large intestine meridians.
① "Ben Cao Hui Yan": "start with the Gangming and Taiyin scriptures. "
② Huiyue medical mirror: "entering the liver channel. "
Functions and indications: Nourishing Yin, moistening dryness, hemostasis and detumescence. It is used to treat asthenia, lung flaccidity, cough, hemoptysis, vomiting, metrorrhagia, falling injury. Carbuncle, scald.
① In the collection of materia medica: "treating wind, stopping discharge and tonifying deficiency. "
② "The compendium of Medical Sciences": "to treat hematemesis and hematemesis. Blood, blood drenching, dysentery, pregnant women's fetal movement and blood flow, rheumatism, walking and injection pain, beating and flapping injury, soup burning sore, all carbuncle, gangrene, swelling and poison, promoting blood circulation to relieve pain, moistening dryness and benefiting small intestine. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "Bufei Qingjin, Ziyin Yangxue, Xingshui, benefit the large intestine. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: water, wine, 1-3 yuan; or into pills, powder. External use: chemical coating.
[selection] ① treatment of pulmonary flaccidity and blood vomiting: two liang of yellow gelatin (fried dry) and two liang of mulberry leaves (dried in the shade). On two flavor, pound for fine powder. Every time you take three daggers, you can drink glutinous rice with rehmannia juice. (Bufei powder in Shengji Zonglu)
② Cough treatment is not bad: Yellow gelatin (fried half coke), for the end. Take one coin dagger each time, two coin daggers of ginseng powder, one eight Fen cup of thin soy sauce soup, a little green onion, put it into CHO, fry it for one or two times, then pour it into the cup. In case of cough, after taking three or five mouthfuls, keep warm before you cough, but eat it before you cough. (dietotherapy materia medica)
③ Treatment of deficiency and labor urine essence: dry glue three Liang. At the end of the two Sheng and wine, temperature for three services, difference only. (Qian Jin Fang)
④ Treatment of hematemesis, hemoptysis: Yellow gelatin one or two (cut into small pieces, fried to make yellow), new cotton one or two (burned to ashes). Study carefully. Each service - money dagger, new rice drink, regardless of age, and appropriate, after eating when lying. (dietotherapy materia medica)
⑤ Treatment of pregnancy stroke blood: Wine boiling glue two liang, Xiaojin Dunfu. (behind the elbow)
⑥ Treatment of fall injury: one or two genuine cowhide glue, one or two dried wax gourd skin (file). The same stir fry storage, research end. Five yuan for each serving, one hour for hot wine, two or three hours for drinking, warm sleeping and slight sweating. (compendium)
⑦ Cure rheumatism to walk painful: cowhide glue one or two, ginger juice half cup. Assimilate into paste, spread on paper, paste it hot, cold is easy. (health zaxing)
⑧ Treatment of facial numbness: cowhide glue, Huahe Guimo, thick coating one or two points. (pick Yuan Fang)
⑨ Treatment of cold dampness beriberi: a piece of cowhide glue, finely cut, fried into beads, ground. One price for each serving, one drink for each serving. (compendium)
⑩ Gather sores and eliminate them inside: add one or two yellow gelatin and half water to eliminate them. Add one or two yellow pills and boil them for three or five times. Then put them in warm and cold water and sweep them on the sores with chicken feathers. If they don't succeed, they will smear the swelling. (the parties)
(11) treatment of primary breast furuncle: Huangming water gel, apply it with concentrated vinegar. (simple formula)
(12) to treat fire sores in soup; to decoct glue in water to make it thin and thick, and to apply the sores in cold. (doumenfang)
[famous scholar's discussion] Ben Cao Hui Yan: "yellow gelatin is a medicine to stop all kinds of blood loss. Liang Xinru said, its nature is sticky and greasy, and its taste is sweet and wet. When it is taken into medicine, its Qi is firm and astringent. It seems to be common with donkey hide gelatin, but its nature is flat and tonic, and it is suitable for people with deficiency heat. If the powder carbuncle swelling, adjust pus pain, protect the membrane Shengji, yellow gelatin and step in donkey hide gelatin a chip also. "
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