[synonym] coriander seed (Puji Fang).
[source] it is the fruit of coriander. For plant morphology, please refer to "coriander" section.
[collection] from August to September, when the fruit is ripe, take the branches, dry them in the sun, lay down the fruit, remove the impurities, and then dry them to the full.
[medicinal material] the fruit is a double suspended fruit with two small fruits, which is round and 3-5 mm in diameter. Light yellowish brown to yellowish brown, with a very short stigma at the top. It is divided into two parts, with 5 calyx around. The surface is rough, with 10 not obvious wavy edges and 12 obvious vertical straight edges arranged alternately. Base obtuse round, sometimes visible small fruit stalk or fruit stalk mark. The back of the fruit is convex, the center of the ventral surface is concave, with three longitudinal ridges, the center is straight, the two sides are curved, and sometimes the suspensory fruit stalk can be seen. The fruit is slightly hard. It is fragrant and crumpled by hand. It gives off a special and strong aroma with a slightly spicy flavor. It is better to have full, clean and impurity free grains.
It is mainly produced in Jiangsu, Anhui and Hubei. In addition, it is also produced in Gansu, Sichuan and other places.
[chemical constituents] the fruit contains 1-1.4% volatile oil and 26% fat; the volatile oil contains a variety of terpenoids, alcohols, camphor, geraniol, etc. The fruit also contains glucose, fructose and sucrose.
The seed contains 1% volatile oil, 20-25% fat, 20% sugar, 13-15% nitrogen and 7% inorganic matter. The main component of volatile oil (about 70%) is d-linalool. Other components include α -, β - pinene, dipentene, α -, β -, γ - Terpinene, p-cymene, etc. The seeds also contained a large amount of oleic acid, a small amount of Δ 5,6-octadecenoic acid, flavonoid glycosides, β - sitosterol and D-Mannitol.
[pharmacological action] the dry and mature fruits are weak aromatic agents, which can be used as flavor correctors with other drugs. It can also promote the secretion of gastrointestinal gland and bile. The volatile oil has some antifungal effects.
[nature and taste] Compendium: "acrid, flat, non-toxic. "
[function indications] it can penetrate rash and strengthen stomach. Treat pox, rash, permeating, eating, dysentery, hemorrhoids.
① Qianjin Shizhi: "Xiaogu can restore the taste. "
② "Materia medica collection": "mainly for children with alopecia, fried and applied. Also the main insect poison, five pheasant disease and carnivorous poisoning under the blood, boil the son, take juice. "
③ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "when you have acne, you can kill fish. "
④ "Classification of herbal medicine": it can't cure children's pox and rash, dispel the Qi of four seasons, disperse cold, and treat nasal obstruction. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 2-4 yuan; or powder. External use: gargle with boiling water or fumigate.
[selection] 1. The first cure for measles: four Liang coriander seeds. After the pestle, put it into a fire pot or aluminum pot, fill it with clean water, put it in the ward (the ward should be small, not ventilated) and boil it with charcoal fire, so that the steam can fill the ward, and add charcoal and water at any time, and stop using it when the measles is completely cured. (Zhejiang traditional Chinese medicine (3): 321959)
② Treatment of dysentery and diarrhea: coriander seed Yihe. Mash, red with sugar water, white with ginger juice, warm. One side of the wine. (Puji Fang)
③ Treatment of intestinal wind under the blood more than, into hemorrhoids: coriander seed, psoralen each half two. On two flavor, pound for powder. Take two daggers each time. Drink the rice and take it before eating. (coriander powder in Shengji Zonglu)
④ Treatment of hemorrhoids: stir fried coriander seeds, fine grinding, wine three, five service. (maritime side)
⑤ Treatment of prolapse anal hemorrhoids fistula: coriander seed 1 liter, a little frankincense, millet bran half or 1 liter. On the first mud into a stove, stop leaving a small eye, can reach anus size, do not let through smoke, smoke it. (the family of Confucian scholars)
⑥ Treat intestines: pound coriander seeds in autumn and winter, boil and iron them with vinegar. (dietotherapy materia medica)
⑦ Treatment of toothache: coriander seed, five liters of water, boil one liter, contain, spit it. (emergency preparation)
Chinese PinYin : Hu Sui Zi
Capsicum. Jiao Mu
Ground eggplant. Di Qie Zi
Wax gourd vine. Dong Gua Teng
Impatiens. Feng Xian Gen
Cassia seed. Jue Ming Zi
Lu Ying. Lu Ying
Papaya branch. Mu Gua Zhi
Wuhanzi. Wu Huan Zi
Salt snake. Yan She
Chinese rose. Yue Ji Hua
Hedyotis purpurea. Zi Hua Yu Deng Cao