(Tang materia medica)
[synonym] goutongcao, baihuodancao, tongjiaobei, nuomiqing and tongpanyizhixiang (commonly used folk herbs in Zhejiang Province).
[source] it is the whole plant of Cynodon dactylon.
[plant morphology] Hedyotis diffusa
Herbs perennial, roots numerous, filiform. Erect, white to 65 cm tall, villous. The basal leaves are rosette shaped, short petiolate, elliptic or nearly spatulate, 5-10 cm long and 1.5-2.5 cm wide, with shallow teeth or nearly entire margin, white villi on both sides, and usually not carved off after anthesis; the middle leaves are ovate elliptic, sessile, and half amplexicaul at the base; the apical leaves are lanceolate or linear lanceolate, apex long pointed, amplexicaul at the base. Inflorescence 3-9, arranged in corymbose or pseudoumbelliform; involucre tubular, bracts linear lanceolate, 8 mm long, apex acuminate, base and back with white hairs, margin membranous; involucre base without bracts; margin ligulate, yellow, female, tongue 10 mm long, 4-5 mm wide, apex 2-3-toothed; central tubular, yellow, bisexual, about 3 mm long, apex 5-toothed Split. Achene elliptic, ca. 4 mm long, both ends truncate, with longitudinal ribs and fine hairs; corolla white, ca. 7 mm long. The flowering period is from April to May.
Born in Tangbian, roadside wetland. It is distributed in Northeast, East and southwest China.
The root of this plant (Cynodon dactylon) is also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[pharmacological action] in vitro, 3 G (crude drug) / ml of Cynanchum cuspidatum has inhibitory effect on leukemia cells (methylene blue method). Pyrrolidine alkaloids are commonly found in plants of this genus, which are toxic to the liver and have anti-tumor effects. There are also reports or studies on its hepatocarcinogenic effects. The chemical structure of cynoglossine is saturated, that is, there is no double bond at position 1 and 2. It has no toxic effect on liver, but it has atropine like effect, but its effect is 20-30 times weaker than atropine. It has inhibitory effect on the central nervous system, and can enhance the central inhibitory effect of small dose magnesium sulfate. It can also reduce blood pressure. Its mechanism of action may also be central.
[nature and taste] 1. Tang materia medica: "bitter, cold, with little poison. "
② "Lvyan Materia Medica": it is cold in nature and non-toxic. "
Functions and indications: clearing away heat, promoting diuresis and killing insects. Treatment of lung abscess, nephritis, edema, furuncle, scabies.
① "Tang Materia Medica": "master scabies, pruritus, kill insects. "
② "Lvyan Materia Medica": "treat mustache carbuncle, close sore. For fine powder, with a little paste on the affected area. "
③ Zhejiang folk commonly used herbs: "detoxification, diuresis, promoting blood circulation and detumescence. "
[usage and dosage] oral: decoction, 3-5 yuan. External use: grind, sprinkle or tamp.
[prescription selection] 1. Treatment of lung abscess: Herba Cynanchi and Herba euphorbiae. Add half a catty of Shaojiu, airtight, stew in water, one dose a day, until recovery.
② Treatment of nephritis and edema: two to three plants of fresh Cynanchum cuspidatum, mashed, covered with wine cup on the navel, four to six hours a day.
③ Cure furuncle: dog tongue grass three to five money. Take it in water. (selected out "Zhejiang folk commonly used herbs")
(collection of herbs in Lingnan)
[synonym] jinlongbang (Guangzhou flora), zhugancai (Guangxi Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine), Qingshe (green snake), luchuanbencao (Luchuan materia medica), maisuihong (Nanning medica), qingshezai (Lingnan Herba medica), wild pepper (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine), yanggancai, tulingyang, pseudomizuo, ziyancao, pseudohonglan (Guangxi traditional Chinese Medicine), yeqingzai, liujiaoying (Fujian traditional Chinese Medicine) Chinese herbal medicine).
[source] it is the whole plant of Euphorbiaceae.
[plant morphology] dogliver
Herbs of one or two years old, 30-80 cm high, erect or spreading obliquely near the root, usually pubescence, 4-line-edge, nodes inflated. The leaves are simple, opposite, ovate, oblong, 2.5-7 cm long and 2-4 cm wide, papery, apex acute to acuminate, entire, base cuneate; the upper veins are pilose, the lower veins are less pilose, nearly bald; the petiole surface is pubescent in shallow groove. Flowers bisexual, axillary, in an open bouquet or petiolate cyme; bracts several, unequal in size, larger than calyx, the lowest pair usually linear and pointed, about 5 mm long, one outer bract of each flower obovate or round, green, 6-10 mm long, apex obtuse or short pointed, slightly fluffy; bracteoles and sepals are very narrow; sepals 5-lobed, about 4 mm long; corolla light pink Red, tube slender, 12-14 mm long, pilose, 5-lobed, upper 2-lobed, lip shaped, limb deeply dichotomous, lower lip 3-lobed, cambered; stamens 2, anthers 2-locular, one of which is attached below other locule; pistil 1, stigma 2-lobed, ovary superior, 2-locular, ovule majority in each locule. Capsule 5 mm long, pilose; ventricles 2-valved, placenta raised from base when splitting, seeds ejected. Seeds hard, brown, oblate. The flowering period is from October to November. The fruiting period is from February to March next year.
Born in the village garden, grass, half Yin Sheng. Distributed in Guangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, Anhui and other places.
[collection] harvest in summer and autumn, dry in the sun, or use fresh grass.
[chemical composition] it contains organic acids, amino acids and sugars.
① "Cold and cool". "
② Lu Chuan's materia medica: "it tastes light and cool. "
③ "Bitter, cold. "
④ "Lingnan herbal medicine annals": "the taste is slightly sweet and the nature is cool. "
[function indications] heat clearing, blood cooling, diuresis, detoxification. Treatment of fever, rash, bloody stool, drowning, adverse urination, swelling, poison and sores.
① Lingnan medicine collection record: "heat dissipation. Where the heat is strong, the liver fire is strong. "
② Lu Chuan materia medica: "cooling blood, cooling heat, detoxification, diuresis. The treatment of sores and boils, dysentery, adverse urination. "
③ "Nanning medicine annals": "cooling blood, detoxifying, calming liver, improving eyesight. Treatment of anthrax, sores, intestinal heat under the blood. "
④ Lingnan herbal medicine annals: "clearing liver heat, cooling blood, generating body fluid. Dehumidification fire bone pain, macular fever. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 Liang. External use: tamping or boiling paste.
[prescription selection] ① for treating cold and high fever: gougancai, Wedelia chinensis and sugarcane head are equally divided into half a Jin, one or two gypsum and a pinch of brown rice. Several bowls of water to two or three bowls, three times service, service with an appropriate amount of sugar. If weak, remove the dregs, and then add black beans with cooking.
② Treatment spot Sha: dog liver vegetables two to three Liang, Douchi two money, a green shell duck egg (after the next). Three bowls of water, fried to a bowl, even the eggs at a time.
③ Treatment of drowning: dog liver vegetables three to four Liang, Portulaca oleracea three to four Liang. One to two Jin of water, fry for two hours, add salt and take it. (1) Lingnan herbal medicine annals
④ Treatment of urination: fresh dog liver vegetables - Jin, honey one or two, mash juice, rinse honey and boiled water. (commonly used folk herbs in Guangxi)
⑤ Treatment of nameless swelling, toxin and phlegm: dog liver vegetable three Liang, big tea medicine root two liang, Stellera chamaejasme two liang, shop floor brocade three Liang, absorb pus ointment one or two, fake chrysanthemum root two or two, chicken bone fragrant five money, brother king one or two, raw oil - Jin four Liang. Soak the medicine for four or five days, put it into a pot and boil it until the medicine is dead. Filter the residue with gauze, mix it into a paste with one jin of oil and eight liang of Huangdan. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
⑥ Treatment of mad dog bite: dog liver vegetable, dog bud flower leaf, dog bite vegetable, belladonna medicine, ramming yellow sugar application. And take it with proper amount of decocting water and yellow sugar. Abstain from meat and sex. (Lingnan herbal medicine)
⑦ Treatment of infantile dysentery: two liang of dog liver dishes. Decoct in water and take it three to four times.
⑧ Treatment of red swelling and pain: dog liver vegetable one or two, wild chrysanthemum one or two. Take it in water.
⑨ Treatment of sores and ulcers: gougancai, Coleoptera. Mash and apply to the affected area. (7) Guangxi Chinese herbal medicine is listed below.)
⑩ Treatment of sore throat: fresh dog liver vegetables 1 to 2 liang. Mash the juice and swallow it slowly.
(11) treatment of sores: one to three liang of fresh dog liver vegetables, fried in water; in addition, mash with fresh leaves and apply to the affected area.
(12) treatment of herpes zoster: three to four liang of fresh dog liver vegetables, a little salt, rice swill, mashed juice or realgar powder applied to the affected area. (the following formula is Fujian Chinese herbal medicine.)
Chinese PinYin : Gou She Cao
He Meng Gen. He Meng Gen
Shark's fin. Jiao Yu Chi
Pregnancies. Jia Shen Zi
Tartary buckwheat head. Ku Qiao Tou
Six strands of tendon. Liu Gu Jin
Mung bean leaf. Lv Dou Ye
Eel bone. Man Li Yu Gu
Garlic. Shan Suan
mantis. Tang Lang
Rhododendron molle root. Yang Zhi Zhu Gen
Nocturnal flowers. Ye He Hua