(Jiayou materia medica)
[synonym] Plover (diet herbal medicine), flying slave (Kaiyuan Tianbao Legacy).
[source] it is the meat or whole body of pigeon, pigeon or rock pigeon.
[animal morphology] 1. The original pigeon, also known as the wild pigeon (the book of Materia Medica).
The body length is about 30 cm. The head is smaller and round. Mouth near black, apex slightly enlarged, base pale or brownish, with wax film. The iris is lemon yellow. The head, neck, chest and upper back are slate gray, and the neck, upper back and front chest are metallic green and purple; the rest of the back and the two wing coverings are dark gray, the lower back feathers are slightly light, and each wing has a black cross spot; the apex of the primary and secondary feathers are wide black brown; the waist and tail are covered with slate gray; the tail color is the same, but the end has a wide black cross spot; the lower body is self-healing The color below the chest is bright gray, and the color under the tail is deep. The feet are short and healthy, copper yellow or even red, and the claws are black. The female's body color is dark; the back of the young bird is gray black, the feather tip is more or less white, and the lower body is also dark.
They live on tall buildings or on high mountain cliff. They like to fly in groups. They fly to the cultivated land in the morning and evening for food. The food is mainly seeds and fruits of various plants. It is distributed in the north of China.
From the domestication of pigeons. There are many kinds of pigeons, such as fan tail, bulbous chest, tumor nose, glasses and pigeon. The color of the coat is complex, with cyan gray being more common, and pure white, tea brown, black and white mixed, etc. Most areas of our country are breeding.
③ Rock pigeon
The male and female are similar in body color, much like the common domesticated pigeons, but with two white transverse spots, one at the waist and the other near the tail. The body color of the young bird is deep, and the chest metal flash is less. It is distributed in the north of China.
The eggs of the above animals (pigeon eggs) are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special regulations for details.
[chemical composition] pigeon meat contains 75.10% moisture, 22.14% crude protein, 1.00% crude fat and 1.00% ash.
[flavor] salty, flat.
① Meng Shen: "warm. "
② Jiadiao materia medica: "it tastes salty, flat and nontoxic. "
③ Yilin zuanyao: "sweet, salty, flat. "
[Guijing] into the liver and kidney channels.
① Ben Cao Qiu Zhen: "into the lung, kidney. "
② Ben Cao Zai Xin: "entering liver and kidney meridians. "
Functions and indications: nourishing kidney and Qi, removing wind and detoxifying. It can cure deficiency, diabetes, long-term malaria, women's blood deficiency, amenorrhea, scabies.
① Meng Shen: "regulating essence and replenishing qi, treating vices, scabies, wind sores, vitiligo, scrofula, stir fried hot wine. "
② Jiadiao materia medica: "it is mainly used to relieve various kinds of drugs and scabies of people and horses for a long time. "
③ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan" says: "those who suffer from deficiency for a long time will benefit from eating. "
④ "Ben Cao Zai Xin": "treat liver wind and fire, nourish kidney and Yin. "
⑤ Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "it is used to treat women's dry blood, stop menstruation, stop malaria, treat intestinal wind and lower blood. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: cooking.
[prescription selection] 1. To treat thirst and drinking water insufficiency: a white pigeon, cut into small pieces and fried with Tu Su, containing its pharyngeal juice. (heart mirror of food medicine)
② Long term treatment of malaria: steamed pigeon meat.
③ Treatment of women's dry blood and menstruation: pigeon meat, konjac, yemingsha, turtle shell. Tortoise shell. Stewed chicken.
④ Treatment of intestinal wind blood: Sanguisorba officinalis, Ailanthus altissima Skin, candy root, a little blood, Saxifraga, pig lean meat. Beat the powder with medicine, chop the lean meat finely, make the round, put it into pigeon belly, steam it, take it three times. (2) Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals
⑤ Cure measles, scarlet fever, dizziness: a pigeon. The laparotomy was applied to the chest of the child and bandaged. (Jilin Chinese herbal medicine)
The classic of materia medica: "pigeon, the classic of Materia Medica is good at removing wind and detoxifying. However, it may not benefit people, so Meng Shenyun said that taking more food can reduce the power of medicine. In today's world, there are many people who are afraid of working, raising and cooking. "
Chinese PinYin : Ge
Robinia pseudoacacia. Jin Huai
Dunsheng grass. Dun Sheng Cao
Viper skin. Fu She Pi
Green onion. Cong
Celastrus orbiculatus. Hong Bei Suan Teng
Tiger kidney. Hu Shen
Gentiana scabra. Lan Hua Long Dan
settle down. Luo Di Sheng Gen
Twig and root. Shan Zhi Gen
Ruminant root of stone dragon. Shi Long Chu Gen
Double cut vegetables. Shuang Jian Cai
Populus deltoides. Xiang Ye Yang