[synonyms] Muji, Suoliang (Guangya), Lufen (food materia medica), Shushu, Lushu, huoliang (compendium), fanshu (Ouzhi Legacy).
[source] it is the kernel of the gramineous plant broomcorn.
[plant morphology] broomcorn
Annual herb, 3-4 m high. Stem cylindrical, yellow brown short hairs on nodes. Leaves alternate, narrowly lanceolate, up to 50 cm, ca. 4 cm wide; leaf sheaths glabrous or powdery; ligule durate, apex rounded, margin ciliate. Panicle 30 cm long, branch whorl, sessile spikelet ovate elliptic, 5-6 mm long, mature lower hard leathery and smooth glabrous, upper and edge with short hair. The caryopsis is obovate and brown when mature. The development degree of petiolate spikelets varies greatly. The flowering and fruiting period is autumn.
It is cultivated all over China.
The root of this plant (sorghum root) is also used for medicine. See special section for details.
[collection] the seeds are harvested after maturity.
[chemical constituents] buds and fruits contain p-hydroxyamygdalonitrile-glucoside, which hydrolyzes to produce p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, HCN and glucose.
[nature and taste] Compendium: "sweet and astringent, warm and non-toxic. "
[Guijing] compendium of materia medica: "enter the hand foot Taiyin and Yangming meridians. "
[functions and indications] ① in the compendium of Medical Sciences: "warming the middle, astringent the intestines and stomach, stopping cholera. Sticky and millet work the same. "
② Sichuan Traditional Chinese medicine annals: "Yizhong, Liqi, Zhixie, Quke wind and stubborn Bi. The treatment of cholera, dysentery and damp heat is not good for urination. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 1-2 Liang.
[selected formula] for children with dyspepsia: one or two red sorghum and ten big jujube. Remove the core of jujube and stir fry it. Stir fry the sorghum and yellow it. 2-year-old children take 2 yuan per day; 3-5-year-old children take 3 yuan per day, twice a day. (selected materials of new medical treatment of Chinese herbal medicine, Inner Mongolia)
[clinical application] treatment of dyspepsia in children
Take the second pass of sorghum bran, remove the impurities such as hard shell, heat and stir fry in a pot until it is yellowish brown. Take it out and let it cool when it has fragrance. Take orally 0.5-1 yuan 3-4 times a day. 104 cases were treated, of which 100 cases were cured within 6 times, 4 cases were invalid.
Chinese PinYin : Gao Liang
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Zishi. Zi Shi