(notes to the classic of Materia Medica)
[source] it is the seed or flour of gramineous plant wheat.
Annual or biennial herbs, 60-100 cm high. Culms erect, usually with 6-9 nodes. Leaf sheath smooth, often shorter than internodes; ligule membranous, short and small; leaf flat, long lanceolate, 15-40 cm long, 8-14 mm wide, apex acuminate, base oblong. Inflorescence erect, 3-10 cm long; spikelets flat on both sides, about 12 mm long, parallel or nearly parallel on rachis, each spikelet with 3-9 flowers, only the lower flower bearing. Spikelet internodes ca. 1 mm; glumes short, leathery, the first glume wider than the second glume, both with sharp ridges on the back, sometimes extending into awn, with 6-9 longitudinal veins, lemma membranous, microsplitting into 3 teeth, central teeth often extending into awn, 5-9 veins on the back, palea as long as lemma or slightly shorter, narrow wings with scaly hairs on the spine, margin covered with fine hairs; stamens 3, anthers 1.5-2 mm long, T-shaped The ovary is ovoid. Caryopsis oblong or subovate, ca. 6 mm long, light brown. The flowering period is from April to May. The fruit period is from May to June.
It is cultivated all over the country.
The stem and leaf (wheat seedling), dry and frivolous seed (floating wheat) and seed coat (wheat bran) of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special article for details.
Sweet and cool.
① Bielu: "sweet, slightly cold, non-toxic. Face temperature. "
② Meng Shen: "Ping. "
③ "The skin is cold, the meat is hot. "
④ Compendium: "the new wheat is hot, Chen Maiping is gentle, the wheat is sweet and warm. "
[channel tropism] enters the heart, spleen and kidney channels.
① According to the book of Materia Medica, we should start with Shaoyin. "
② According to the interpretation of Materia Medica classic, it goes into the kidney meridian of foot Shaoyin and spleen meridian of foot Taiyin. "
Functions and indications: nourish the heart, benefit the kidney, remove heat and quench thirst. It is used to treat visceral dysphoria, irritable heat, Xiaojie, Xieli, carbuncle, trauma, bleeding and scald.
① Bielu: "in addition to heat, stop dryness and thirst, benefit urination, nourish liver qi, stop blood leakage and spit blood. "
② "Materia medica collection": "wheat flour, tonifying deficiency, strengthening the skin and body, thickening the intestines and stomach, strengthening strength. "
③ "The compendium of Medical Sciences" says: "Chen's decoction can stop the deficiency and sweat; the nature of burning, the regulation of oil, the application of various sores, and the burn of soup fire. "Wheat surface applied carbuncle injury, blood pain. Raw food benefit large intestine, water regulation service stop epistaxis, hematemesis. "
④ "Yilin zuanyao": "dispel vexation, stop bleeding, facilitate urination, moisten lung dryness. "
⑤ New materia medica: "nourishing heart, benefiting kidney, harmonizing blood, strengthening spleen. "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: Wheat decoction, 1-2 Liang; or porridge. Take wheat flour with cold water or stir fried yellow with warm water. External use: stir fried wheat with black grind powder. Sprinkle or stir fry the wheat flour.
[taboo] Compendium: "wheat flour is afraid of pepper and radish. "
[prescription selection] 1. It is used to cure women's irritability, like to cry, and to count the number: three liang of licorice, one liter of wheat and ten jujubes. On the three flavors, six liters of water, boil three liters, temperature points three service. It's also a tonic. (Ganmai Dazao Decoction in Synopsis of the Golden Chamber)
② To cure thirst and dry mouth: wheat is used for cooking and porridge. (heart mirror of food medicine)
③ Treatment of diarrhea, stomach is not solid: a jin of white flour, fried to scorch yellow, daily hollow warm water transfer (service) a spoonful of head. (Yin Shan Zheng Zheng)
④ Treatment of internal damage hematemesis: Feiluo noodles, regardless of how much, slightly fried, thick grinding ink, a tea foot, adjust two money. (milk preparation)
⑤ Treat the old man five drench, body heat abdomen full: Wheat one liter, Tongcao two Liang. Three liters of water, boil one liter and drink it. (letter of providing for the aged)
⑥ For women with breast carbuncle: half a catty of white flour, stir fry to make it yellow, cook with vinegar to paste, and apply it on the milk. (Sheng Hui Fang)
⑦ Treatment of golden sore blood out more than: dry application of raw noodles. (PU's empirical formula)
⑧ Treatment of fire burning sore: fried noodles, into the Gardenia kernel powder, and oil transfer (TU). (Qianjin Fang)
⑨ For those who have not been healed by fire in soup: stir fry the wheat black for the degree, grind it for the end, cut the greasy powder by half, and apply it with oil. (empirical formula)
[clinical application] treatment of surgical infection
Take 2 jin of old wheat, add 3 jin of water, soak for 3 days, mash, filter and remove the residue. After the filtrate is precipitated, take the precipitate and dry it in the sun. Stir fry it in low heat until it is scorched. When using it, mix the powder with vinegar to make a paste and apply it to the affected area, such as sores and erysipelas, twice a day. If it has ulcerated, apply it around the sores. According to thousands of cases, the effective rate is more than 90%.
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