[synonym] caokuoren (Application of communication) and caokuoren (general micro prescription for children's health).
[source] it is the fruit of tsaokuo, a Zingiberaceae plant.
[plant morphology] tsaokuo
Herbs perennial, tufted, up to 2.5 m tall. Rhizome transverse, stout with nodes, about 2.5 cm in diameter. Stem terete, erect or slightly oblique. Leaves 2-row; petiolate or sessile; leaves oblong or oblong, about 55 cm long and 20 cm wide, apex acuminate, base gradually narrowed, entire, margin dry membranous, leaves smooth and glabrous on both sides; leaf sheath open, phimosis, ligule 0.8-1.2 cm long. Spikes from the rhizome, about 13 box meters long, about 5 cm in diameter. The capsule is dense, oblong or oval, 2.5-4.5 cm long, 2 cm in diameter, with persistent style at the top, short round protuberance, red at maturity, irregular longitudinal wrinkles on the outer surface, peduncle 2-5 mm long, and persistent bracts at the base. The flowering period is from May to June. The fruit period is from September to October.
Cultivated or wild under sparse forest. Distributed in Yunnan, Guangxi, Guizhou and other places.
[collection] from October to November, the fruits begin to mature and turn to reddish brown without cracking. Harvest them and dry them in the sun or in low fire.
[medicinal material] the dried fruit is oval shaped with three blunt edges, 2-4 cm in length and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. There is a round protuberance at the top and a fruiting stalk at the base. The surface is grayish brown to reddish brown with significant longitudinal grooves and ridges. The pericarp is tough and easy to tear longitudinally. The ovary is 3-locular, each containing 8-11 seeds. The seed is tetrahedral, 5 mm in length and width. The surface is reddish brown, with grayish white membranous aril and vertical texture. There is a concave hilum at the narrower end. The chalazal point is in the center of the back, forming a small cavity. There is a longitudinal furrow ridge between the chalazal point and the hilum. It's hard, and it's grayish white inside after breaking. The air is weak, and the seeds give off a special odor when they are broken, which is pungent. It is better to have a big, full and reddish brown surface.
Mainly produced in Yunnan, Guangxi, Guizhou and other places.
[chemical constituents] the seeds contain volatile oil, etc.
[processing] grass nut: remove impurities, stir fry gently in the pot until the shell is scorched yellow and slightly puffed up, take out and cool slightly, grind off the shell and sift the kernel. Ginger nut: take ginger nut, add ginger juice and a little water, mix well, stir fry slightly, take out and let cool. (100 Jin of each nut, 10 jin of fresh ginger for juice)
"Materia Medica from the new": "Cao Guo, noodles wrapped simmer cooked, take kernel with. "
[flavor] pungent, warm.
① "Yinshan Zhengzheng": it is pungent in taste, warm in nature and non-toxic. "
② "Ben Jing Feng Yuan": "pungent, warm, astringent, non-toxic. "
③ Ben Cao from the new: "Xin, re. "
[Guijing] explanation of Lei Gong's processing properties: "entering the spleen and stomach meridians. "
Functions and indications: dryness and dampness, eliminating cold, eliminating phlegm and malaria, eliminating food and resolving disorder, treating malaria, phlegm and fullness, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and food accumulation.
① Li Gao: "warming the spleen and stomach, stopping vomiting, treating cold dampness and phlegm in the spleen; benefiting the genuine Qi, eliminating all the expansion of cold air, transforming malaria mother, eliminating persistent food, detoxifying alcohol and fruit accumulation. It can also dispel miasma and pestilence. "
② "Yinshan Zhengzheng" says: "it can cure heart and abdominal pain, stop vomiting, tonify stomach and lower Qi. "
③ "Ben Jing Feng Yuan" says: "in addition to cold, dampness, depression, food, diaphragmatic phlegm, detoxification of pasta, fish, meat and other toxins. "
④ "Seeking the source of Materia Medica": "treating edema, stagnating, the same as cardamom.". "
[usage and dosage] oral administration: decoction, 0.8-1.5 money; or into pills, powder.
[should avoid] Qi deficiency or blood deficiency, no cold dampness solid evil people avoid taking.
① "Materia medica Mengyao" says: "great consumption of Yuanyang, old and weak, weak and weak, should be avoided. "
② The classic of materia medica: "malaria is not caused by miasma; heartache and epigastric pain are caused by fire but not by cold; dampness and heat stagnation are caused by the invasion of summer Qi, and the stagnation is red and white, the internal heat is urgent and the internal heat is heavy, the diarrhea is violent and the injection is thirsty; dampness and heat invasion of spleen is caused by bloating or small water, and salt is caused by summer Qi and warm heat. "
③ Ben Cao Bei Yao: "avoid iron. "
[selected formula] 1. In the treatment of malaria, the cold phlegm in the stomach is coagulated, and it is not easy to cure: caokuo. Take it in water. (Caogou drink, new book for children)
② In the treatment of malaria, the pulse is taken to count, but the heat is not cold, or the heat is more than cold, the diaphragm is full and can eat, the mouth is bitter, the tongue is dry, the heart is upset, thirsty, the urine is yellow and red, the big Fu organs are unfavorable: (removing white), (stir frying with ginger), (removing reed), (peeling), (soaking in soup seven times), (frying with licorice), etc. Fine file. Four yuan for each, one and a half cup of water, five pieces of ginger, fried to seven minutes, to dross, warm clothes, regardless of the time. (Ji Sheng Fang Qing PI Tang)
③ Treatment of swelling cold malaria is not cured, vibration cold less heat, face green do not eat, or loose stool discharge, urine instead of more: Grass nuts, (gun, peeled navel). Bisection, fine file. Take half a pair of each, two cups of water, seven tablets and one jujube. Fry until seven minutes. Remove the dross and warm the clothes at any time. (jishengfang Guofu Decoction)
④ Treatment of spleen pain fullness: two grass nuts. Take it with wine. (ren Zhai Zhi Zhi Fang)
⑤ It is used to treat disharmony between cold and heat in intestines and stomach, red and white diarrhea, latent heat diarrhea, visceral and toxic hematochezia: grass fruit, licorice, and (remove the tuber and stir fry with bran). First class is divided into coarse and fine. Take two yuan for each, use one and a half cup of water, simmer a piece of ginger, beat it up, fry it for seven minutes, and take it at any time. (Application of Chuanxin: Cao Guo Yin)
⑥ In the first two or three days of treatment, the pulse does not float or sink, and it is feverish day and night. Daily feeding is beneficial, and the head and body ache: betel nut, Magnolia officinalis, grass nut, Anemarrhena asphodeloides, peony, Scutellaria baicalensis and licorice. Use water for one hour, fry for eight minutes, and take warm clothes in the afternoon. (on pestilence Da Yuan Yin)
[discussion by famous experts] ① in the compendium of Chinese medicine, it is said that "Cao Guo, used together with Anemarrhena asphodeloides, can cure malaria, cold and heat. It takes one Yin and one yang to avoid the harm of partial victory. It can cure the cold of Taiyin alone, and the fire of Yangming alone. "
② In Ben Cao Qiu Zhen: "Cao Guo and < U > < / u >, all the books contain the same smell and no difference in efficacy. Taking them can warm the stomach and expel cold. However, the smell of floating, where the top of the fog is not correct malaria, take directly into the disease and are effective. "
③ "Materia medica justice": "Cao Guo is good at removing cold and dampness and warming and drying the middle palace, so it is the main medicine for cold and dampness in the spleen and stomach. "According to haze and miasma, it is the evil of fog, dew, yin and dampness, which is the most harmful to the Qi of Qing Yang. Therefore, warm and dry fragrance is often used to eliminate miasma to overcome the accumulation of yin and dampness. The treatment of malaria by tsaokuo is just the same. However, malaria is often affected by dampness and phlegm. Therefore, it is necessary to treat it first. Cao Guo is good at clearing damp phlegm and Invigorating Spleen Yang, supplemented by Anemarrhena asphodeloides. It is of great significance to treat malaria at any time by taking its weight into consideration. It is not necessary to legislate specifically for LAN malaria. But Shi Wan's so-called real evil is not prosperous, should be in the forbidden ear. "
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