(Kaibao materia medica)
[synonym], Artemisia auriculata, galea leaf, zizaifungyao (preparation of raw herbs), zaifungyi (collection of herbs in Lingnan), da'ai and da'fengcao (taxonomy of Chinese trees), Da Gufeng (medical records of Nanning City), Cao (records of traditional Chinese Medicine), Da maoyao (investigation of medicinal plants in Guizhou), AI (manual of commonly used Chinese herbal medicines) of Guangzhou army.
[source] the leaves and twigs of Blumea balsamifera.
[plant morphology] Blumea balsamifera
Perennial woody herbs, 1-3 meters high, all densely covered with yellow fluff or silk hair, with the aroma of borneol when crushed. Leaves alternate; leaves elliptic or oblong lanceolate, 10-17 cm long, 1.2-2.5 cm wide, apex pointed, base narrow, decurrent petiolate, or subsplicate, margin irregularly serrate, both surfaces densely hairy. Inflorescence terminal, corymbose; involucral bracts several rounds, outer ring shorter than inner ring; tubular flower yellow, heteromorphic, marginal flower female, disk flower bisexual, apex 5-lobed; anther stamen 5-lobed; pistil 1, ovary inferior, stigma 2-lobed, linear. Achene with 10 ribs, corolla pale white. The flowering period is from March to May. The fruit period is from September to October.
Growing in hillside grass or bushes. Distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and other places. It is cultivated in Guangxi and Guizhou.
The root and leaf products of this plant are also used for medicine. Please refer to the special section for details.
[collection] it can be collected all year round, but the quality of autumn is better. Dry in the sun after harvest.
[herbal medicine] the dry leaves are slightly shrunk or broken, with fine serrated edges, grayish green on the top, slightly rough, covered with short hairs, and densely covered with white long silky hairs on the bottom. The tender leaves are densely covered with silver long silky hairs on both sides, the veins are yellow, and the bottom is prominent; the petioles are semicircular, densely covered with short hairs. The leaves are crisp and fragile.
Produced in Guangxi, Guangdong, Guizhou and other places.
[pharmacological action] its extract can cause blood pressure drop, vasodilation and inhibit sympathetic nervous system when injected into animals. It can be used in patients with excitement, insomnia or hypertension. It was also reported that its extract could diuresis, but it was weaker than tea extract. Its volatile oil can be made into borneol, see "borneol" article.
Hard work, warm.
① Haiyao materia medica: "Wenping. "
② Kaibao materia medica: "it tastes sweet, warm and nontoxic. "
③ "Raw herbal medicine nature preparation": bitter taste, warm nature. "
④ Guangzhou army "commonly used Chinese herbal medicine manual": "Xin, Wen. "
Functions and indications: warming the middle, promoting blood circulation, dispelling wind and removing dampness, killing insects. Treatment of cold and dampness diarrhea, abdominal pain, bowel sounds, swelling, muscle pain, traumatic injury, tinea.
① "Materia medica collection": "main tinea. "
② "Haiyao Materia Medica": "it can control the five discharges of typhoid fever, inject Qi into the heart and abdomen, make the next inch White, stop bowel sounds, and prevent febrile diseases by burning. "
③ "Kaibao Materia Medica": "eliminate evil Qi and kill insects. Main abdominal cold diarrhea. "
④ "Preparation of raw herbal medicine nature": dispelling wind and swelling, promoting blood circulation and removing dampness. To cure traumatic injuries, apply wine and wind to the feet. "
⑤ "Lingnan caiyao Lu": treating limb bone pain. "
[usage and dosage] orally. Fried soup, 3-6 yuan. External use: decocting, washing or dressing.
[selected formula] ① for swelling and rheumatoid arthritis: Artemisia argyi, castor leaf and stone. Boil and wash. (Guangdong traditional Chinese Medicine)
② Not suitable for snake wound treatment: Fengfeng Aitong deer ear Ling application. (materia medica seeks the original)
③ Treatment of traumatic injury, sores, carbuncle, skin itching: dampness Artemisia argyi fresh leaves for external application or fried water to wash the affected area. (Handbook of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine of Guangzhou Army)
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